Ketter, Wolfgang


Aggregating Electric Cars to Sustainable Virtual Power Plants: The Value of Flexibility in Future Electricity Markets

AAAI Conferences

Electric vehicles will play a crucial role in balancing the future electrical grid, which is complicated by many intermittent renewable energy sources. We developed an algorithm that determines for a fleet of electric vehicles, which EV at what price and location to commit to the operating reserve market to either absorb excess capacity or provide electricity during shortages (vehicle-2-grid). The algorithm takes the value of immobility into account by using carsharing fees as a reference point. A virtual power plant autonomously replaces cars that are committed to the operating reserves and are then rented out, with other idle cars to pool the risks of uncertainty. We validate our model with data from a free float carsharing fleet of 500 electric vehicles. An analysis of expected future developments (2015, 2018, and 2022) in operating reserve demand and battery costs yields that the gross profits for a carsharing operator increase between 7-12% with a negligible decrease in car availability (<0.01%).


Effective Management of Electric Vehicle Storage Using Smart Charging

AAAI Conferences

The growing Electric Vehicles' (EVs) popularity among commuters creates new challenges for the smart grid. The most important of them is the uncoordinated EV charging that substantially increases the energy demand peaks, putting the smart grid under constant strain. In order to cope with these peaks the grid needs extra infrastructure, a costly solution. We propose an Adaptive Management of EV Storage (AMEVS) algorithm, implemented through a learning agent that acts on behalf of individual EV owners and schedules EV charging over a weekly horizon. It accounts for individual preferences so that mobility service is not violated but also individual benefit is maximized. We observe that it reshapes the energy demand making it less volatile so that fewer resources are needed to cover peaks. It assumes Vehicle-to-Grid discharging when the customer has excess capacity. Our agent uses Reinforcement Learning trained on real world data to learn individual household consumption behavior and to schedule EV charging. Unlike previous work, AMEVS is a fully distributed approach. We show that AMEVS achieves significant reshaping of the energy demand curve and peak reduction, which is correlated with customer preferences regarding perceived utility of energy availability. Additionally, we show that the average and peak energy prices are reduced as a result of smarter energy use.


Autonomous Agents in Future Energy Markets: The 2012 Power Trading Agent Competition

AAAI Conferences

Sustainable energy systems of the future will need more than efficient, clean, and low-cost energy sources. They will also need efficient price signals that motivate sustainable energy consumption behaviors and a tight real-time alignment of energy demand with supply from renewable and traditional sources. The Power Trading Agent Competition (Power TAC) is a rich, competitive, open-source simulation platform for future retail power markets built on real-world data and state-of-the-art customer models. Its purpose is to help researchers understand the dynamics of customer and retailer decision-making as well as the robustness of proposed market designs. Power TAC invites researchers to develop autonomous electricity broker agents and to pit them against best-in-class strategies in global competitions, the first of which will be held at AAAI 2013. Power TAC competitions provide compelling, actionable information for policy makers and industry leaders. We describe the competition scenario, demonstrate the realism of the Power TAC platform, and analyze key characteristics of successful brokers in one of our 2012 pilot competitions between seven research groups from five different countries.


Smart Charging of Electric Vehicles using Reinforcement Learning

AAAI Conferences

The introduction of Electric Vehicles (EVs) in the existing Energy Grid raises many issues regarding Grid stability and charging behavior. Uncontrolled charging on the customer’s side may increase the already high peaks in the energy demand that lead to respective increase in the energy prices.We propose a novel smart charging algorithm that maximizes individual welfare and reduces the individual energy expenses. We use Reinforcement Learning trained on real world data to learn the individual household consumption behavior and propose a charging algorithm with respect to individual welfare maximization objective. Furthermore, we use statistical customer models to simulate the EV customer behavior. We show that the individual customers, represented by intelligent agents, using the proposed charging algorithm reduce their energy expenses. Additionally, we show that the average energy prices, on an aggregated level, are reduced as a result of smarter use of the energy available. Finally we prove that the presented algorithm achieves significant peak reduction and reshaping of the energy demand curve.


Competitive Benchmarking: Lessons Learned from the Trading Agent Competition

AI Magazine

Over the years, competitions have been important catalysts for progress in artificial intelligence. We describe the goal of the overall Trading Agent Competition and highlight particular competitions. We discuss its significance in the context of today's global market economy as well as AI research, the ways in which it breaks away from limiting assumptions made in prior work, and some of the advances it has engendered over the past ten years. Since its introduction in 2000, TAC has attracted more than 350 entries and brought together researchers from AI and beyond.


Competitive Benchmarking: Lessons Learned from the Trading Agent Competition

AI Magazine

Over the years, competitions have been important catalysts for progress in artificial intelligence. We describe the goal of the overall Trading Agent Competition and highlight particular competitions. We discuss its significance in the context of today’s global market economy as well as AI research, the ways in which it breaks away from limiting assumptions made in prior work, and some of the advances it has engendered over the past ten years. Since its introduction in 2000, TAC has attracted more than 350 entries and brought together researchers from AI and beyond.



Pushing the Limits of Rational Agents: The Trading Agent Competition for Supply Chain Management

AI Magazine

Over the years, competitions have been important catalysts for progress in Artificial Intelligence. We describe one such competition, the Trading Agent Competition for Supply Chain Management (TAC SCM). We discuss its significance in the context of today’s global market economy as well as AI research, the ways in which it breaks away from limiting assumptions made in prior work, and some of the advances it has engendered over the past six years. TAC SCM requires autonomous supply chain entities, modeled as agents, to coordinate their internal operations while concurrently trading in multiple dynamic and highly competitive markets. Since its introduction in 2003, the competition has attracted over 150 entries and brought together researchers from AI and beyond in the form of 75 competing teams from 25 different countries.


AAAI 2008 Workshop Reports

AI Magazine

AAAI 2008 Workshop Reports


AAAI 2008 Workshop Reports

AI Magazine

AAAI was pleased to present the AAAI-08 Workshop Program, held Sunday and Monday, July 13–14, in Chicago, Illinois, USA. The program included the following 15 workshops: Advancements in POMDP Solvers; AI Education Workshop Colloquium; Coordination, Organizations, Institutions, and Norms in Agent Systems, Enhanced Messaging; Human Implications of Human-Robot Interaction; Intelligent Techniques for Web Personalization and Recommender Systems; Metareasoning: Thinking about Thinking; Multidisciplinary Workshop on Advances in Preference Handling; Search in Artificial Intelligence and Robotics; Spatial and Temporal Reasoning; Trading Agent Design and Analysis; Transfer Learning for Complex Tasks; What Went Wrong and Why: Lessons from AI Research and Applications; and Wikipedia and Artificial Intelligence: An Evolving Synergy.