If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Sociologists are concerned to predict the effect of changes on future society.But is prediction in principle possible when intelligence is involved? Ifintelligence is the production of novelty, accurate prediction might seem to bestrictly impossible. However this may be, it seems that the present troubleabout social prediction is simply that there are no adequate theoreticalmodels of societies. This means that politicians are almost powerless topredict, plan, or control, except with incredible errors. We find ourselves injust this position in trying to assess the implications of future intelligence.Machine Intelligence 6