If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Adams, Sam (IBM) | Arel, Itmar (University of Tennessee) | Bach, Joscha (Humboldt University of Berlin) | Coop, Robert (University of Tennessee) | Furlan, Rod (Quaternix Research, Inc.) | Goertzel, Ben (Independent Researcher and Author) | Hall, J. Storrs (George Mason University) | Samsonovich, Alexei (Tufts University) | Scheutz, Matthias (Southern Illinois University, Carbondale) | Schlesinger, Matthew (University of Buffalo, State University of New York) | Shapiro, Stuart C. (VivoMind Research, LLC) | Sowa, John
We present the broad outlines of a roadmap toward human-level artificial general intelligence (henceforth, AGI). We begin by discussing AGI in general, adopting a pragmatic goal for its attainment and a necessary foundation of characteristics and requirements. An initial capability landscape will be presented, drawing on major themes from developmental psychology and illuminated by mathematical, physiological and information processing perspectives. The challenge of identifying appropriate tasks and environments for measuring AGI will be addressed, and seven scenarios will be presented as milestones suggesting a roadmap across the AGI landscape along with directions for future research and collaboration.
Goertzel, Ben (Novamente LLC) | Pitt, Joel (Hong Kong Polytechnic University) | Wigmore, Jared (Hong Kong Polytechnic University) | Geisweiller, Nil (Novamente LLC) | Cai, Zhenhua (Xiamen University) | Lian, Ruiting (Xiamen University) | Huang, Deheng (Xiamen University) | Yu, Gino (Hong Kong Polytechnic University)
The hypothesis is presented that "cognitive synergy" -- proactive and mutually-assistive feedback between different cognitive processes associated with different types of memory -- may serve as a foundation for advanced artificial general intelligence. A specific AI architecture founded on this idea, OpenCogPrime, is described, in the context of its application to control virtual agents and robots. The manifestations of cognitive synergy in OpenCogPrime's procedural and declarative learning algorithms are discussed in some detail.
The First Conference on Artificial General Intelligence (AGI-08) was held on March 1-3, 2008, at the University of Memphis. The overall goal of the conference was to work toward a common understanding of the most promising paths toward creating AI systems with general intelligence at the human level and beyond, and to share interim results and ideas achieved by researchers actively working toward powerful artificial general intelligence.