Fillmore, C.


The case for case

Classics

IN THIS PAPER, PREPARED FOR THE APRIL 1967 TEXAS SYMPOSIUM ON LINGUISTIC UNIVERSALS, IT IS PROPOSED THAT THE GRAMMATICAL NOTION "CASE" DESERVES A PLACE IN THE BASE COMPONENT OF THE GRAMMAR OF EVERY LANGUAGE. IT IS ARGUED THAT PAST RESEARCH HAS NOT LED TO VALID INSIGHTS ON CASE RELATIONSHIPS AND THAT WHAT IS NEEDED IS A CONCEPTION OF BASE STRUCTURE IN WHICH CASE RELATIONSHIPS ARE PRIMITIVE TERMS OF THE THEORY AND IN WHICH SUCH CONCEPTS AS "SUBJECT" AND "DIRECT OBJECT" ARE MISSING.