Clancey, William J.


Human-Centered Cognitive Orthoses: Artificial Intelligence for, Rather than Instead of, the People

AI Magazine

This issue of AI Magazine includes six articles on cognitive orthoses, which we broadly conceive as technological approaches that amplify or enhance individual or team cognition across a wide range of goals and activities. The articles are grouped by how they relate to orthoses enhanced socio-technical team intelligence at three different cognitive levels--sensorimotor physical, professional learning, and networked knowledge.


Human-Centered Cognitive Orthoses: Artificial Intelligence for, Rather than Instead of, the People

AI Magazine

This issue of AI Magazine includes six articles on cognitive orthoses, which we broadly conceive as technological approaches that amplify or enhance individual or team cognition across a wide range of goals and activities. The articles are grouped by how they relate to orthoses enhanced socio-technical team intelligence at three different cognitive levels—sensorimotor physical, professional learning, and networked knowledge.


Ambient Personal Environment Experiment (APEX): A Cyber-Human Prosthesis for Mental, Physical and Age-Related Disabilities

AAAI Conferences

We present an emerging research project in our laboratory to extend ambient intelligence (AmI) by what we refer to as “extreme personalization” meaning that an instance of ambient intelligence is focused on one or at most a few individuals over a very long period of time. Over a lifetime of co-activity, it senses and adapts to a person’s preferences and experiences, and crucially, his or her (changing) special needs; needs that differ significantly from the normal baseline. We refer to our agent-based cyber-physical system as Ambient Personal Environment eXperiment (APEX). It aims to serve as a Companion , a Coach , and a Caregiver : crucial support for individuals with mental, physical, and age-related disabilities and those other people who help them. We propose that an instance of APEX, interacting socially with each of these people, is both a social actor as well as a cyber-human prosthetic device . APEX is an ambitious integration of multiple technologies from Artificial Intelligence (AI) and other disciplines. Its successful development can be viewed as a grand challenge for AI. We discuss in this paper three research thrusts that lead toward our vision:  robust intelligent agents, semantically rich human-machine interaction, and reasoning from comprehensive multi-modal behavior data.


Shared Awareness, Autonomy and Trust in Human-Robot Teamwork

AAAI Conferences

Teamwork requires mutual trust among team members. Establishing and maintaining trust depends upon alignment of mental models, an aspect of shared awareness. We present a theory of how maintenance of model alignment is integral to fluid changes in relative control authority (i.e., adaptive autonomy) in human-robot teamwork.


Knowledge-Based Environments for Teaching and Learning

AI Magazine

The Spring Symposium on Knowledge-based Environments for Teaching and Learning focused on the use of technology to facilitate learning, training, teaching, counseling, coaxing and coaching.


Knowledge-Based Environments for Teaching and Learning

AI Magazine

The Spring Symposium on Knowledge-based Environments for Teaching and Learning focused on the use of technology to facilitate learning, training, teaching, counseling, coaxing and coaching. Sixty participants from academia and industry assessed progress made to date and speculated on new tools for building second generation systems.



AAAI News

AI Magazine

Fall news from the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence, including reports on the Knowledge System Development Tools and Languages workshop, the workshop on AI and Limited Rationality, the Artificial Intelligence and Software Engineering workshop, the workshop on Robot Navigation, the Planning and Search Summary workshop, and the workshop on Representation and Compilation in High-Performance Theorem Proving.


AAAI News

AI Magazine

Summer news from the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence.


From Guidon to Neomycin and Heracles in Twenty Short Lessons

AI Magazine

I review the research leading from the GUIDON rule-based tutoring system, including the reconfiguration of MYCIN into NEOMYCIN and NEOMYCIN's generalization in the heuristic classification shell, HERACLES. The presentation is organized chronologically around pictures and dialogues that represent conceptual turning points and crystallize the basic ideas. My purpose is to collect the important results in one place, so they can be easily grasped. In the conclusion, I make some observations about our research methodology.