If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Boetker, Johan P.
Purpose: The aim of this work is to demonstrate that convolutional neural networks (CNN) can be applied to extremely sparse image libraries by subdivision of the original image datasets. Methods: Image datasets from a conventional digital camera was created and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) measurements were obtained from the literature. The image datasets were subdivided and CNN models were trained on parts of the subdivided datasets. Results: The CNN models were capable of analyzing extremely sparse image datasets by utilizing the proposed method of image subdivision. It was furthermore possible to provide a direct assessment of the various regions where a given API or appearance was predominant.