Alves-Oliveira, Patrícia

Psychological Science in HRI: Striving for a More Integrated Field of Research

AAAI Conferences

Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) is a highly multidisciplinary endeavor. However, it often still appears to be an effort driven primarily by technical aims and concerns. We outline some of the major challenges for fruitful interdisciplinary collaboration in HRI, arguing for an improved integration of psychology and applied social sciences and their genuine research agendas. Based on our own disciplinary backgrounds, we discuss these issues from vantage points mostly originating in applied engineering and psychology, but also from relevant related fields such as sociology, communication sciences, philosophy, arts, and design. We take a project-case as an example to discuss grounded and practical challenges in HRI research, and to propose how a combination of artificial intelligence advances and a better conceptual definition of the role of social sciences in HRI research may prove to be beneficial. Our goal is to strengthen the impact and effectiveness of social scientists working in HRI, and thereby better prepare the field for future challenges.

"It's Amazing, We Are All Feeling It!" — Emotional Climate as a Group-Level Emotional Expression in HRI

AAAI Conferences

Emotions are a key element in all human interactions. It is well documented that individual- and group-level interactions have different emotional expressions and humans are by nature extremely competent in perceiving, adapting and reacting to them. However, when developing social robots, emotions are not so easy to cope with. In this paper we introduce the concept of emotional climate applied to human-robot interaction (HRI) to define a group-level emotional expression at a given time. By doing so, we move one step further in developing a new tool that deals with group emotions within HRI.

Meet Me Halfway: Eye Behaviour as an Expression of Robot's Language

AAAI Conferences

Eye contact is a crucial behaviour in human communication and therefore an essencial feature in human-robot interaction. A study regarding the development of an eye behaviour model for a robotic tutor in a task-oriented environment is presented, along with a description of how our proposed model is being used to implement an autonomous robot in the EMOTE project.