If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Alves-Oliveira, Patrícia (Instituto Universitário de Lisboa) | Freedman, Richard G. (University of Massachusetts Amherst) | Grollman, Dan (Sphero, Inc.) | Herlant, Laura (arnegie Mellon University) | Humphrey, Laura (Air Force Research Laboratory) | Liu, Fei (University of Central Florida) | Mead, Ross (Semio) | Stein, Frank (IBM) | Williams, Tom (Tufts University) | Wilson, Shomir (University of Cincinnati)
Alves-Oliveira, Patrícia (INESC-ID and ISCTE-IUL Instituto Universitário de Lisboa) | Küster, Dennis (Jacobs University) | Kappas, Arvid (Jacobs University) | Paiva, Ana (INESC-ID and Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa)
Human-Robot Interaction (HRI) is a highly multidisciplinary endeavor. However, it often still appears to be an effort driven primarily by technical aims and concerns. We outline some of the major challenges for fruitful interdisciplinary collaboration in HRI, arguing for an improved integration of psychology and applied social sciences and their genuine research agendas. Based on our own disciplinary backgrounds, we discuss these issues from vantage points mostly originating in applied engineering and psychology, but also from relevant related fields such as sociology, communication sciences, philosophy, arts, and design. We take a project-case as an example to discuss grounded and practical challenges in HRI research, and to propose how a combination of artificial intelligence advances and a better conceptual definition of the role of social sciences in HRI research may prove to be beneficial. Our goal is to strengthen the impact and effectiveness of social scientists working in HRI, and thereby better prepare the field for future challenges.
Alves-Oliveira, Patrícia (INESC-ID and Universidade de Lisboa) | Sequeira, Pedro (INESC-ID and Universidade de Lisboa) | Tullio, Eugenio Di (INESC-ID and Universidade de Lisboa) | Petisca, Sofia (INESC-ID and Universidade de Lisboa) | Guerra, Carla (INESC-ID and Universidade de Lisboa) | Melo, Francisco S. (INESC-ID and Universidade de Lisboa) | Paiva, Ana (INESC-ID and Universidade de Lisboa)
Emotions are a key element in all human interactions. It is well documented that individual- and group-level interactions have different emotional expressions and humans are by nature extremely competent in perceiving, adapting and reacting to them. However, when developing social robots, emotions are not so easy to cope with. In this paper we introduce the concept of emotional climate applied to human-robot interaction (HRI) to define a group-level emotional expression at a given time. By doing so, we move one step further in developing a new tool that deals with group emotions within HRI.
Alves-Oliveira, Patrícia (INESC-ID and Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa) | Tullio, Eugenio Di (INESC-ID and Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa) | Ribeiro, Tiago (INESC-ID and Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa) | Paiva, Ana (INESC-ID and Instituto Superior Técnico, Universidade de Lisboa)
Eye contact is a crucial behaviour in human communication and therefore an essencial feature in human-robot interaction. A study regarding the development of an eye behaviour model for a robotic tutor in a task-oriented environment is presented, along with a description of how our proposed model is being used to implement an autonomous robot in the EMOTE project.