If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
GroGuru will exhibit their strategic irrigation management solutions at this year's Irrigation Show and Education Week in Las Vegas, NV on December 2-6, 2019. GroGuru is all about strategic irrigation management. "GroGuru helps farmers make more money by increasing crop yield while, at the same time, more efficiently using water and other scarce resources like fertilizer, energy and labor, in a sustainable way," said Patrick Henry, president and CEO at GroGuru. "We do this via soil monitoring using the GroGuru patented wireless underground system, WUGS, that enables the permanent installation of soil sensors in annual field crops like corn and soybeans, eliminating the need for annual installation and removal of sensors." GroGuru adds data in the cloud, then uses machine learning or AI to create recommendations to farmers about when and how much to irrigate.
Farmers across the world could jack up giant profits using an Artificial Intelligence soil monitoring system developed at Brunel University London. By collecting data about soil and growing conditions, the'magic bean' helps farmers boost crops, cut waste and save time, money and water. It comes after France this year saw record temperatures of 49.5 ºC, the US had its wettest spring since 1995 and severe frost threatened Brazil's coffee harvest. The Brunel algorithms could help producers work around freak weather triggered by climate change and unplanned supply problems after Brexit. "We have a way of using data to make crops grow better, worldwide," said electronic engineer Dr Tatiana Kalganova.
Banana, a nutritionally-rich, delicious fruit, is a widely-cultivated crop across the world and is a staple diet of people living in parts of Africa, Asia and Latin America. Due to pests and diseases, only 13% of the global production is traded, and often, farmers in India experience severe loss due to fusarium wilt or Panama disease. A novel innovation now aims to change the fortunes of banana growers by helping them detect diseases and pests with their smartphone. In a recent study, researchers from the USA, Democratic Republic of Congo, Uganda, Ethiopia and India have developed a banana pest detection app powered by artificial intelligence (AI). Artificial Intelligence is an emerging arena in computer science where machines are programmed to simulate human intelligence and perform tasks like speech recognition, visual perception, language translation and decision-making.
Agricultural and fishing industries in Asia are being transformed by technology as the cheap and abundant labor that they long relied on erodes due to demographic pressures. Rising wages across other industries have created a labor shortage in the traditional staples of economies, especially in Southeast Asia. To make up for a shrinking population of farmers, companies are adopting artificial intelligence and drones to help grow food more cheaply and efficiently. In Vietnam, Minh Phu Seafood is building new vinyl shrimp tanks that are shaped like deep bowls. Water is swirled around the tank so that waste collects at the bottom where it can easily be drained.
On 17 November, the first edition of the Mint Visionaries series, which seeks to delve into the minds of people inspiring a new future, was kicked off with entrepreneur-philanthropist Bill Gates, who is also the co-chair of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, sharing his thoughts with Wipro Ltd chairman Rishad Premji. The two discussed the challenges of mitigating climate change, eliminating malnutrition, and improving the health and education infrastructure, besides the role of technology, such as artificial intelligence, for social inclusion, something Gates considers a mission statement. Rishad Premji: Climate change will be one of the defining challenges of the 21st century--the impact of weather events, rising sea level, islands getting flooded. It will affect the way people live and potentially impact health and mortality. There is a huge implication of climate change. I know you personally and the Gates Foundation is spending a lot on mitigation--on how to reduce carbon emission. I know you are spending time on breakthrough energy ventures in your personal capacity, investing in technology that can pay off, as well as around adaptation. What are you personally, and through Gates Foundation, doing in these areas? And, what can we do to learn how to leverage science and technology, as governments and as citizens, to be more informed about climate change and its impact, considering that we often have this debate on whether it is real. And, what can come out of it? Bill Gates: I am actually writing a book about climate change.
Artificial Intelligence is a field of science and engineering primarily focused on developing systems that depict human intelligence. We have seen how virtual assistants like Siri, Alexa, Google Now, and Cortana help us find useful information just by asking them. Artificial Intelligence is not a futuristic technology anymore as it has crept into most of our daily lives. Everything we use like our car, smartphone, video games use artificial intelligence to some extent. Even though there are various artificial intelligence risks involved, it is highly regarded as the future of technology to change our lives for the better.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the science of training machines to perform human tasks. The term was invented in the 1950s when scientists began exploring how computers could solve problems on their own. We take for granted how our brains effortlessly calculate the world around us, every second of every day. AI is the concept that a computer can do the same. While AI is the broad science of immolating human learning, machine intelligence (MI) is a specific subset of AI that trains the machine how to learn from data.
"AI is the broader concept of machines being able to carry out tasks in a way that is considered smart. The smart processes include machines being able to function automatically, reason and learn by themselves," explains Claudia Ayin, an independent ICT consultant. Machine learning is the aspect of AI that allows computers to learn by themselves. "Machine learning is therefore a branch of AI that is able to process large data sets and let machines learn for themselves without having been explicitly programmed," she adds. According to MarketsandMarkets, an Indian research company, in 2018 the worldwide AI in agriculture market was valued at €545 million and, by 2025, is expected to reach €2.4 billion as more and more smallholder farmers adopt new, data-driven technologies.
While it is difficult to predict the impact of automation and artificial intelligence (AI) on the economy and the labour market, they have huge potential in sectors such as healthcare, Bill Gates, co-chair of Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, said. "Certainly we use AI to do drug discovery. These biological systems are very complicated and so the fact that we have vaccines for TB and HIV coming, that is partly enabled by this rich data, advance in biology and machine learning," he said. Gates was speaking at the inaugural'Mint Visionaries' event in New Delhi where he was in conversation with Rishad Premji, chairman of Wipro Ltd. Though machine learning can give us some miracle tools, its impact on jobs is an important issue, he noted.
Adam Neilson, Chief Technology Officer at Wefarm discusses the ways in which machine learning can transform the African agricultural industry. Ever since Fritz Lang's Metropolis was first shown in the cinemas of 1927, the film industry has been forecasting how technology of the future would transform humanity. Fast forward to current day and we may not have flying cars or replica people mining in off planet worlds, but we do have something that I believe in the long run will be far more important to the future survival of our species. Over the last few years, machine learning (ML) has steadily rolled across the "hype cycle" from the "peak of inflated expectations" to officially entering the mainstream, and is now beginning to quietly revolutionise every aspect of our lives. For us consumers, it's now so deeply embedded within so many of the everyday products and services that we interact with it's almost invisible.