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machine learning


Does your Machine Learning pipeline have a pulse?

#artificialintelligence

The process of building and training Machine Learning models is always in the spotlight. There is a lot of talk about different Neural Network architectures, or new frameworks, facilitating the idea-to-implementation transition. While these are the heart of an ML engine, the circulatory system, which enables nutrients to move around and connects everything, is often missing. But what comprises this system? What gives the pipeline its pulse? The most important component in an ML pipeline works silently in the background and provides the glue that binds everything together.



System brings deep learning to Internet of Things devices

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This branch of artificial intelligence curates your social media and serves your Google search results. Soon, deep learning could also check your vitals or set your thermostat. MIT researchers have developed a system that could bring deep learning neural networks to new--and much smaller--places, like the tiny computer chips in wearable medical devices, household appliances, and the 250 billion other objects that constitute the "internet of things" (IoT). The system, called MCUNet, designs compact neural networks that deliver unprecedented speed and accuracy for deep learning on IoT devices, despite limited memory and processing power. The technology could facilitate the expansion of the IoT universe while saving energy and improving data security.


EU report warns that AI makes autonomous vehicles 'highly vulnerable' to attack

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The dream of autonomous vehicles is that they can avoid human error and save lives, but a new European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA) report has found that autonomous vehicles are "highly vulnerable to a wide range of attacks" that could be dangerous for passengers, pedestrians, and people in other vehicles. Attacks considered in the report include sensor attacks with beams of light, overwhelming object detection systems, back-end malicious activity, and adversarial machine learning attacks presented in training data or the physical world. "The attack might be used to make the AI'blind' for pedestrians by manipulating for instance the image recognition component in order to misclassify pedestrians. This could lead to havoc on the streets, as autonomous cars may hit pedestrians on the road or crosswalks," the report reads. "The absence of sufficient security knowledge and expertise among developers and system designers on AI cybersecurity is a major barrier that hampers the integration of security in the automotive sector."


Linear Regression for Dummies

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In my previous article, I have highlighted 4 algorithms to start off in Machine Learning: Linear Regression, Logistic Regression, Decision Trees and Random Forest. Now, I am creating a series of the same. The equation which defines the simplest form of the regression equation with one dependent and one independent variable: y mx c. Where y estimated dependent variable, c constant, m regression coefficient and x independent variable. Let's just understand with an example: Say; There is a certain relationship between the marks scored by the students (y- Dependent variable) in an exam and hours they studied for the exam(x- Independent Variable).


NLP using Deep Learning Tutorials : Understand Loss Function

#artificialintelligence

This article is a part of a series that I'm writing, and where I will try to address the topic of using Deep Learning in NLP. First of all, I was writing an article for an example of text classification using a perceptron, but I was thinking that will be better to review some basics before, as activation and loss functions. Loss function also called the objective function, is one of the main bricks in supervised machine learning algorithm which is based on labeled data. A loss function guides the training algorithm to update parameters in the right way. In a much simple definition, a loss function takes a truth (y) and a prediction (ŷ) as input and gives a score of real value number. This value indicates how much the prediction is close to the truth.


Andrei Papancea, CEO at NLX – Interview Series

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Andrei Papancea, is the CEO at NLX a comprehensive SaaS platform for building and managing AI-powered conversational applications at scale. Previously, he built the Natural Language Understanding platform for American Express, processing millions of conversations across AmEx's main servicing channels. You grew up in Romania and started programming when you were 10 years old. What attracted you to programming at such a young age? It started off as curiosity: I've always been intrigued about how things worked and since my family has just gotten a computer, I wanted to figure out how it worked.


What Google's Promise to Tamp Down on Tracking Users Really Means

Slate

Google is Google because of its lucrative advertising business--and that business works by letting advertisers target users based on what they do on the web. On Wednesday, Google announced what some observers have framed as a major shift in that setup: The company's Chrome browser will soon stop tracking individual users across different websites in order to serve them ads. While the change does allow the web giant and its advertising customers to continue tracking users to a certain extent, this appears to be a significant step away from Google's traditional model. David Temkin, Google's director of product management for ads privacy and trust, described the decision as a move to address growing concerns about digital privacy. "People shouldn't have to accept being tracked across the web in order to get the benefits of relevant advertising," he wrote in a blog post announcing the change. "And advertisers don't need to track individual consumers across the web to get the performance benefits of digital advertising."


New research indicates the whole universe could be a giant neural network

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The core idea is deceptively simple: every observable phenomenon in the entire universe can be modeled by a neural network. And that means, by extension, the universe itself may be a neural network. Vitaly Vanchurin, a professor of physics at the University of Minnesota Duluth, published an incredible paper last August entitled "The World as a Neural Network" on the arXiv pre-print server. It managed to slide past our notice until today when Futurism's Victor Tangermann published an interview with Vanchurin discussing the paper. We discuss a possibility that the entire universe on its most fundamental level is a neural network.


How Important Is Data Quality In Machine Learning?

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Day after day, machine learning is becoming an important function in several business sectors. Machine learning programs run on data and the need for large amounts of data to train the machine like a well-oiled engine is more than ever. But more than large amounts of data, good data quality is crucial to get the desired end result. Data management deals with data quality, which is what makes the output given by analytical applications authentic. Analytical applications give businesses an insight into their standing in the industry.