If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
US healthcare officials are working tirelessly to deliver coronavirus test results in a timely manner, but the process includes getting tested, having the sample processed and then delivering the results. Now, a scientist has developed new technology that can produce a diagnosis in just a matter of seconds and with 98 percent accuracy. Barath Narayanan, a scientist at the University of Dayton Research Institute, has designed a specific software code that can detect the disease just by scanning chest X-rays. The process uses a deep learning algorithm that was trained using scans of those with and without the disease in order to search searches for markings associated with coronavirus. A scientist has developed new technology that can produce a diagnosis in just a matter of seconds and with 98 percent accuracy.
Listening to classical music during lectures and throughout the night while sleeping may help us perform better in big exams, a new study suggests. US economics students who listened to Beethoven and Chopin during a lecture and again later in the night performed 18 per cent higher in exams the next day. This compared with a control group of students who were in the same lecture but slept that night with white noise on in the background. Researchers say that classical music activated a process called'targeted memory reactivation' (TMR), when the music stimulates the brain to consolidate memories. The study suggests classical music is the key to strengthening existing memories of lectures during sleep and, as a result, doing better in exams.
The Mayo Clinic in Florida is using self-driving shuttles to ferry coronavirus test from a drive-thru location to its Jacksonville campus. Four vehicles have been making round trips every day since March 30th in a bid to limit exposure and free up medical staff from having to deliver the tests. Healthcare workers place the samples into a secure container and loads it into a van that deliveries it to be processed. The route is isolated from pedestrians and traffic and the van is followed by the Jacksonville Transportation Authority to ensure a safe journey. This is the'first time in history' autonomous vehicles are being used to transport medical supplies.
NASA has released a detailed plan for an'Artemis Base Camp' that will be home to first woman and next man on the moon in 2024. The 13-page document highlights elements such as a terrain vehicle for transporting the astronauts around the landing zone, a permanent habit and a mobility platform to travel across the lunar surface. The plans suggest a crew of four astronauts would call the moon home for a week at a time, but also describes accommodations with water, waste disposal systems and radiation shields if their time is extended. The Artemis mission will use the moon as its stepping stone, allowing the crew to test robots and other technologies before exploring farther into the solar system, with Mars being their next stop. NASA has released a detailed plan for an'Artemis Base Camp' that will be home to first woman and next man on the moon in 2024.
As Japan faces a fresh wave of coronavirus infections and the government readies itself to declare a state of emergency, medical staff say a shortage of beds and a rise in cases linked to hospitals are pushing Tokyo's medical system to the brink of collapse. The crisis has already arrived at Eiju General Hospital, a pink, 10-story building in central Tokyo that has reported 140 cases of COVID-19 in the past two weeks. Of those, at least 44 are doctors, nurses and other medical staff. On a recent weekday, the glass doors of Eiju General were plastered with posters saying the hospital was closed until further notice. More than 60 patients with the virus are still being treated inside.
A reminder to those who are working at home: You might want to turn your Amazon or Google smart home speaker them off, or at the very least, mute the microphone. What most people forget is that Alexa and the Google Assistant are always listening. Sure, they only come to life after you utter "Alexa" or "Hey, Google," but what happens when you slip those words in the middle of sentences? Amazon and Google record every interaction, even if you don't ask a specific question, and the recordings are stored on Amazon and Google servers. Sometimes the speakers are awakened with words that they mistake for the wake words.
ECMWF is organising a series of seminars given by international experts to explore aspects of the use of machine learning in weather prediction and climate studies. The first will take place on 28 April and will be live-streamed. Sherman Lo and Ritabrata Dutta from the University of Warwick will present a statistical methodology to predict precipitation at 0.1 resolution using lower-resolution model fields of air temperature, geopotential, specific humidity, total column water vapour and wind velocity. On 9 June, Annalisa Bracco from the School of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at the Georgia Institute of Technology will talk about spatiotemporal complexity and time-dependent networks in mid- to late Holocene simulations. In subsequent seminars, Maxime Taillardat (Météo-France) will present examples of operational ensemble post-processing using machine learning; Alberto Arribas (UK Met Office) will talk about work at the Met Office Informatics Lab; and Nal Kalchbrenner (Google) will talk about now-casting applications at Google.
Xiao-Li Meng, the Whipple V. N. Jones Professor of Statistics, and the Founding Editor-in-Chief of Harvard Data Science Review, is well known for his depth and breadth in research, his innovation and passion in pedagogy, his vision and effectiveness in administration, as well as for his engaging and entertaining style as a speaker and writer. Meng was named the best statistician under the age of 40 by COPSS (Committee of Presidents of Statistical Societies) in 2001, and he is the recipient of numerous awards and honors for his more than 150 publications in at least a dozen theoretical and methodological areas, as well as in areas of pedagogy and professional development. He has delivered more than 400 research presentations and public speeches on these topics, and he is the author of "The XL-Files," a thought-provoking and entertaining column in the IMS (Institute of Mathematical Statistics) Bulletin. His interests range from the theoretical foundations of statistical inferences (e.g., the interplay among Bayesian, Fiducial, and frequentist perspectives; frameworks for multi-source, multi-phase and multi- resolution inferences) to statistical methods and computation (e.g., posterior predictive p-value; EM algorithm; Markov chain Monte Carlo; bridge and path sampling) to applications in natural, social, and medical sciences and engineering (e.g., complex statistical modeling in astronomy and astrophysics, assessing disparity in mental health services, and quantifying statistical information in genetic studies). Meng received his BS in mathematics from Fudan University in 1982 and his PhD in statistics from Harvard in 1990.