If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Much work has been done within artificial intelligence (AI) to better understand how the human brain works to make AI more efficient. When you use a search on Google or Amazon, or you type on a phone or tablet, a piece of technology known as predictive language model is being used. This AI-driven functionality is what allows technology to be able to predict the next word within a string of text. The most recent generation of these predictive language models also learns the underlying meaning of languages, such as question answering or story completion. Could these AI next-word prediction models provide insight into how the brain processes language? This is what a team of cognitive neuroscientists from MIT wanted to explore.
In today’s era of technology, especially in the Internet commerce and banking, the transactions done by the Mastercards have been increasing rapidly. The card becomes the highly useable equipment for Internet shopping. Such demanding and inflation rate causes a considerable damage and enhancement in fraud cases also. It is very much necessary to stop the fraud transactions because it impacts on financial conditions over time the anomaly detection is having some important application to detect the fraud detection. A novel framework which integrates Spark with a deep learning approach is proposed in this work. This work also implements different machine learning techniques for detection of fraudulent like random forest, SVM, logistic regression, decision tree, and KNN. Comparative analysis is done by using various parameters. More than 96% accuracy was obtained for both training and testing datasets. The existing system like Cardwatch, web service-based fraud detection, needs labelled data for both genuine and fraudulent transactions. New frauds cannot be found in these existing techniques. The dataset which is used contains transaction made by credit cards in September 2013 by cardholders of Europe. The dataset contains the transactions occurred in 2 days, in which there are 492 fraud transactions out of 284,807 which is 0.172% of all transaction.
The historical ways in which electricity was generated in large central power plants and delivered to passive customers through a one-way transmission and distribution network – as everyone knows – is radically changing to one where consumers can generate, store and consume a significant portion of their energy needs energy locally. This, however, is only the first step, soon to be followed by the ability to share or trade with others using the distribution network. More exciting opportunities are possible with the increased digitalization of BTM assets, which in turn can be aggregated into large portfolios of flexible load and generation and optimized using artificial intelligence and machine learning.
The Machine Learning for Biomedical Research Unit applies machine learning to biomedical problems generating resources and tools for biomedical research and secondary use of the data. The Unit is focused on providing support in projects related to machine learning spanning several areas of application, including precision medicine, genomics, and systems biology. To achieve extreme scale and high performance of our applications, we account for the use of high-performance computing and the collaboration with specialized groups at BSC.
Using computing resources at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center (NERSC) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), researchers at Argonne National Laboratory have succeeded in exploring important materials science questions and demonstrated progress using machine learning to solve difficult search problems. By adapting a machine-learning algorithm from board games such as AlphaGo, the researchers developed force fields for nanoclusters of 54 elements across the periodic table, a dramatic leap toward understanding their unique properties and proof of concept for their search method. The team published its results in Nature Communications in January. Depending on their scale--bulk systems of 100 nanometers versus nanoclusters of less than 100 nanometers--materials can display dramatically different properties, including optical and magnetic properties, discrete energy levels, and enhanced photoluminescence. These properties may lend themselves to new scientific and industry applications, and scientists can learn about them by developing force fields--computational models that estimate the potential energies between atoms in a molecule and between molecules--for each element or compound.