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Lotfi Zadeh: Google doodle honors Azerbaijani-American computer scientist

USATODAY - Tech Top Stories

Google is paying tribute Tuesday to the computer scientist who created the mathematical framework "fuzzy logic." On this day in 1964, Zadeh submitted the paper "Fuzzy Sets," which laid out the concept of "fuzzy logic." The logo featured on "The theory he presented offered an alternative to the rigid'black and white' parameters of traditional logic and instead allowed for more ambiguous or'fuzzy' boundaries that more closely mimic the way humans see the world," reads a biography of Zadeh by Google. The theory has been used in various tech applications, including anti-skid algorithms for cars.

Apple Researchers Propose A Method For Reconstructing Training Data From Diverse Machine Learning Models By Ensemble Inversion


Model inversion (MI), where an adversary abuses access to a trained Machine Learning (ML) model in order to infer sensitive information about the model's original training data, has gotten a lot of attention in recent years. The trained model under assault is frequently frozen during MI and used to direct the training of a generator, such as a Generative Adversarial Network, to rebuild the distribution of the model's original training data. As a result, scrutiny of the capabilities of MI techniques is essential for the creation of appropriate protection techniques. Reconstruction of training data with high quality using a single model is complex. However, existing MI literature does not consider targeting many models simultaneously, which could offer the adversary extra information and viewpoints.

AI experts establish the "North Star" for the domestic robotics field

AITopics Custom Links

Robots that do everything from helping people get dressed in the morning to washing (and putting away) the dishes have been a dream for as long people have uttered the words "artificial intelligence." But, in a field where the state of the art currently rests far short of that level of sophistication, a fundamental challenge has emerged: Namely, what will "success" even look like, should the day come when robots are able to perform these key tasks to human standards. To do these mundane but surprisingly complex tasks, a robot must be able to perceive, reason, and operate with full awareness of its own physical dimension and capabilities, but also of the world and objects around it. In robotics, this combination of situational and physical awareness and capability is known as embodied AI. Now, a multidisciplinary team of researchers at Stanford University has released the Benchmark for Everyday Household Activities in Virtual, Interactive, and Ecological Environments (BEHAVIOR).

Zephyr AI Launches its Big Data, Machine-Learning Approach to Aid Precision Medicine


Technology investment company and incubator Red Cell Partners announced today the launch of Zephyr AI, a company that leverages large data sets to inform both clinical care and the development of new targeted precision therapies. The management team of the new company consists of CEO Yisroel Brumer, formerly of the office of the Secretary of Defense; Executive Chairman Grant Verstandig, who most recently served Chief Digital Officer at UnitedHealth Group; and Chief Technology Officer Jeff Sherman, who was the machine learning architect at Rally Health, which was acquired in 2017 by UnitedHealth's Optum unit. According to a press release announcing its launch, Zephyr AI will look to improve patient outcomes while lowering costs by integrating "artificial intelligence with extensive datasets to upend traditional'guess and test' drug development and personalized medicine processes to unearth novel therapeutics, new applications for existing therapeutics, and advanced biomarkers for individualized treatments." The potential new company gave a hint at its direction earlier in the year via the publication of two papers by the founders in the journal Oncogene that detailed the company's technology and it's performance. "These findings demonstrate that Zephyr AI can already identify novel-use cases for existing therapeutics in cancer," company CTO Sherman.

Team builds first living robots--that can reproduce


Over billions of years, organisms have evolved many ways of replicating, from budding plants to sexual animals to invading viruses. Now scientists at the University of Vermont, Tufts University, and the Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard University have discovered an entirely new form of biological reproduction--and applied their discovery to create the first-ever, self-replicating living robots. The same team that built the first living robots ("Xenobots," assembled from frog cells--reported in 2020) has discovered that these computer-designed and hand-assembled organisms can swim out into their tiny dish, find single cells, gather hundreds of them together, and assemble "baby" Xenobots inside their Pac-Man-shaped "mouth"--that, a few days later, become new Xenobots that look and move just like themselves. And then these new Xenobots can go out, find cells, and build copies of themselves. "With the right design--they will spontaneously self-replicate," says Joshua Bongard, Ph.D., a computer scientist and robotics expert at the University of Vermont who co-led the new research.

How the public clouds are innovating on AI


The three big cloud providers, specifically Amazon Web Services (AWS), Microsoft Azure, and Google Cloud Platform (GCP), want developers and data scientists to develop, test, and deploy machine learning models on their clouds. It's a lucrative endeavor for them because testing models often need a burst of infrastructure, and models in production often require high availability. These are lucrative services for the cloud providers and offer benefits to their customers, but they don't want to compete for your business only on infrastructure, service levels, and pricing. They focus on versatile on-ramps to make it easier for customers to use their machine learning capabilities. Each public cloud offers multiple data storage options, including serverless databases, data warehouses, data lakes, and NoSQL datastores, making it likely that you will develop models in proximity to where your data resides.

AI Researchers Estimate 97% Of EU Websites Fail GDPR Privacy Requirements- Especially User Profiling


Researchers in the US have used machine learning techniques to study the GDPR privacy policies of over a thousand representative websites based in the EU. They found that 97% of the sites studied failed to comply with at least one requirement of the European Union's 2018 regulatory framework, and that they complied least of all with regulatory requirements around the practice of'user profiling'. '[Since] the privacy policy is the essential communication channel for users to understand and control their privacy, many companies updated their privacy policies after GDPR was enforced. However, most privacy policies are verbose, full of jargon, and vaguely describe companies' data practices and users' rights. Therefore, it is unclear if they comply with GDPR.' 'Our results show that even after GDPR went into effect, 97% of websites still fail to comply with at least one requirement of GDPR.'

Robot artist to perform AI generated poetry in response to Dante


Dante's Divine Comedy has inspired countless artists, from William Blake to Franz Liszt, and from Auguste Rodin to CS Lewis. But an exhibition marking the 700th anniversary of the Italian poet's death will be showcasing the work of a rather more modern devotee: Ai-Da the robot, which will make history by becoming the first robot to publicly perform poetry written by its AI algorithms. The ultra-realistic Ai-Da, who was devised in Oxford by Aidan Meller and named after computing pioneer Ada Lovelace, was given the whole of Dante's epic three-part narrative poem, the Divine Comedy, to read, in JG Nichols' English translation. She then used her algorithms, drawing on her data bank of words and speech pattern analysis, to produce her own reactive work to Dante's. Ai-Da will perform the poems on Friday night at Oxford's Ashmolean Museum.

Study: AI technology no silver bullet for hiring the best employees


Artificial intelligence technology is now used by a growing number of companies looking to hire the best employees, but new research from Rice University warns how it can incorporate biases and overlook important characteristics among job applicants. The study explores the scientific, legal and ethical concerns raised by personnel selection tools that rely on AI technologies and machine learning algorithms. Authors Fred Oswald, a professor in the Department of Psychological Sciences at Rice University; Nancy Tippins of the Nancy T. Tippins Group, LLC, and independent researcher S. Morton McPhail reviewed the use of this technology. Oswald says that AI technology--which includes games, video-based interviews and data mining tools--can save time in the job application process and the screening of potential employees. But he believes the effectiveness of these tools is questionable.

Machine learning improves Arabic speech transcription capabilities

MIT Technology Review

Thanks to advancements in speech and natural language processing, there is hope that one day you may be able to ask your virtual assistant what the best salad ingredients are. Currently, it is possible to ask your home gadget to play music, or open on voice command, which is a feature already found in some many devices. If you speak Moroccan, Algerian, Egyptian, Sudanese, or any of the other dialects of the Arabic language, which are immensely varied from region to region, where some of them are mutually unintelligible, it is a different story. If your native tongue is Arabic, Finnish, Mongolian, Navajo, or any other language with high level of morphological complexity, you may feel left out. These complex constructs intrigued Ahmed Ali to find a solution.