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AI, the future of work and how to improve the safety and security of the workforce

#artificialintelligence

In less than two years, the workplace has evolved quickly. Our personal space inside our homes has transformed into a makeshift office, while corporate buildings are vacant and underutilised. As vaccines continue to roll out, a hybrid work model has emerged, with staff now alternating and'taking turns' being back in the office. In the US, research done by SHRM.org highlights that 55% of the workforce favours a hybrid workforce post-pandemic. In the UK, a survey by PWC found 77% of UK employees want a mix of face-to-face and remote working.


Drones Put the AI into Aerial Intelligence

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Advances in machine learning, data management, and cloud computing are having a significant impact on the market for drone-based mapping and intelligence gathering. Even as satellite-based imaging gains steam, drones appear to be extending their lead closer to Earth. We are in the midst of a renaissance in drone-based aerial intelligence. From counting the number of koalas in the Australian outback to detecting enemy combatants inside of buildings, drones seem to be everywhere at the moment. The surge in drone use is great news for Krishnan Hariharan, the CEO of Kespry, a 30-person California drone AI startup.


Announcing the winners of the Sample-Efficient Sequential Bayesian Decision Making request for proposals - Facebook Research

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In February 2021, Facebook launched a request for proposals (RFP) on sample-efficient sequential Bayesian decision-making. View RFP In a Q&A about the RFP, Core Data Science researchers said they are keen to learn more about all the great research that is going on in the area of Bayesian optimization. Eytan Bakshy and Max Balandat, members of the team behind the RFP, also spoke about sharing a number of really interesting real-world use cases that they hope can help inspire additional applied research and increase interest and research activity into sample-efficient sequential Bayesian decision-making. The team reviewed 89 high-quality proposals and are pleased to announce the two winning proposals below, as well as the 10 finalists. Thank you to everyone who took the time to submit a proposal, and congratulations to the winners.


Machine learning enhances non-verbal communication in online classrooms

#artificialintelligence

June 21, 2021--Researchers in the Center for Research on Entertainment and Learning (CREL) at the University of California San Diego have developed a system to analyze and track eye movements to enhance teaching in tomorrow's virtual classrooms – and perhaps future virtual concert halls. UC San Diego music and computer science professor Shlomo Dubnov, an expert in computer music who directs the Qualcomm Institute-based CREL, began developing the new tool to deal with a downside of teaching music over Zoom during the COVID-19 pandemic. "In a music classroom, non-verbal communication such as facial affect and body gestures is critical to keep students on task, coordinate musical flow and communicate improvisational ideas," said Dubnov. "Unfortunately, this non-verbal aspect of teaching and learning is dramatically hampered in the virtual classroom where you don't inhabit the same physical space." To overcome the problem, Dubnov and Ph.D. student Ross Greer recently published a conference paper on a system that uses eye tracking and machine learning to allow an educator to make'eye contact' with individual students or performers in disparate locations – and lets each student know when he or she is the focus of the teacher's attention.


2021 Roundup Of AI And Machine Learning Market Forecasts Show Strong Growth - Software Strategies Blog

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Demand for TensorFlow expertise is one of the leading indicators of machine learning and AI adoption globally. Kaggle's State of Data Science and Machine Learning 2020 Survey found that TensorFlow is the second most used machine learning framework today, with 50.5% of respondents currently using it. TensorFlow expertise continues to be one of the most marketable machine learning and AI skills in 2021, making it a reliable leading indicator of technology adoption. In 2020, there were on average 4,134 LinkedIn open positions that required TensorFlow expertise soaring to 8,414 open LinkedIn positions this year in the U.S. alone. Globally, demand for TensorFlow expertise has doubled from 12,172 open positions in 2020 to 26,958 available jobs on LinkedIn today.


MACHINE LEARNING MANAGER - Mila

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Founded by Professor Yoshua Bengio of the Université de Montréal, Mila rallies researchers specializing in the field of artificial intelligence. Recognized globally for its significant contributions to deep learning, Mila has distinguished itself in the areas of natural language processing, object recognition and generative models. In addition to its academic training and fundamental research focus, Mila's mission is to contribute to Quebec and Canada's economic development through technology transfer and business innovation. As part of Mila's Applied Machine Learning Research team, the candidate will manage a team of researchers working with industrial partners to build machine learning-based proofs of concept. The projects selected by the team cover a wide range of domains, are in general highly challenging at the scientific level and can lead to publications.


Deriving Equations from Sensor Data Using Dimensional Function Synthesis

Communications of the ACM

The original version of this paper was published in ACM Transactions on Embedded Computing Systems, October 2019. This work is licensed under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/ The Digital Library is published by the Association for Computing Machinery.


Technical Perspective: An Elegant Model for Deriving Equations

Communications of the ACM

We have encountered units and elementary dimensional analysis in our high school science classes. For instance, the mass of an object is expressed in kilograms (kg). Likewise, length is expressed using meters (m) and time in seconds (s). Other physical quantities such as acceleration has dimensions m s-2 (derived from its definition), whereas force has dimensions kg m s-2. The latter arises from Newton's second law that states that force (F) is equal to the mass (m) times the acceleration (a).


Spatial Concepts in the Conversation With a Computer

Communications of the ACM

Human interactions with the physical environment are often mediated through information services, and sometimes depend on them. These human interactions with their environment relate to a range of scales,28 in the scenario here from the "west of the city" to the "back of the store," or beyond the scenario to "the cat is under the sofa." These interactions go far beyond references to places that are recorded in geographic gazetteers,37 both in scale (the place where the cat is) and conceptualization (the place that forms the west of the city29), or that fit to the classical coordinate-based representations of digital maps. And yet, these kinds of services have to use such digital representations of environments, such as digital maps, building information models, knowledge bases, or just text/documents. Also, their abilities to interact are limited to either fusing with the environment,44 or using media such as maps, photos, augmented reality, or voice. These interactions also happen in a vast range of real-world contexts, or in situ, in which conversation partners typically adapt their conversational strategies to their interlocutor, based on mutual information, activities, and the shared situation.2 Verbal information sharing and conversations about places may also be more suitable when visual communication through maps or imagery is inaccessible, distracting, or irrelevant, such as when navigating in a familiar shopping mall.


Flexible Work and Personal Digital Infrastructures

Communications of the ACM

Flexible, contingent, or'agile,' working arrangements provide workers with greater autonomy over when, where, or how to fulfill their responsibilities. In search of increased productivity and reduced absenteeism, organizations have increasingly turned to flexible work arrangements. Although access to flexible work arrangements is more prevalent among high-skilled workers, in the form of flextime or co-working, the past decade has also witnessed growth of independent contractors, digital nomadism, digitally enabled crowdwork, online freelancing, and on-demand platform labor.3 Flexible work arrangements reduce commutes and can enable workers with care-responsibilities to stay in the workforce. Younger workers also see flexibility as a top priority when considering career opportunities.2 Flexible working arrangements can also be mutually beneficial, enabling organizations to scale dynamically. Specific skill sets can be immediately accessed by turning to freelancers to fill organizational gaps. A growing number of organizations and workers rely on short-term and project-based relationships, using online platforms such as Upwork or Fiverr to connect. However, flexible work arrangements often come entwined with precarity cloaked in emancipatory narratives.5 Fixed salaries and benefits have given way to hourly rates and quantified ratings.