Government


Instagram CEO unsure of what to do with 'deepfaked' video - says the company doesn't have a policy

Daily Mail - Science & tech

The CEO of Instagram has defended the company's decision not to take down a deepfaked video of Mark Zuckerberg two weeks after the doctored video was reported. Adam Mosseri told CBS' Gayle King - in his first US television interview since taking over the platform last year - that the company hasn't yet formulated an official policy on AI-altered video called'deepfakes', and until then taking action would be'inappropriate.' Mosseri said, 'I don't feel good about it,' but said there is no rush to remove the video, in part because'the damage is done.' Mosseri's comments about deepfakes come as a response to King's questioning about a faked video of Facebook CEO Mark Zuckerberg taken from an actual interview with CBSN in 2017. The doctored video features a fairly convincing Zuckerberg next to a superimposed CBSN logo talking about how Facebook wields power over its users.


Iran vows to ditch more nuclear curbs in war of words with U.S.

The Japan Times

TEHRAN - Iran said Tuesday it will further free itself from the 2015 nuclear deal in defiance of new American sanctions as U.S. President Donald Trump warned the Islamic republic of "overwhelming" retaliation for any attacks. Tensions between Iran and the U.S. have spiraled since last year when Trump withdrew the United States from the deal under which Tehran was to curb its nuclear program in exchange for relief from economic sanctions. The two arch-rivals have been locked in an escalating war of words since Iran shot down a U.S. surveillance drone in what it said was its own airspace, a claim the US vehemently denies. On Monday, Washington stepped up pressure by blacklisting Iran's supreme leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and top military chiefs, saying it would also sanction Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif later in the week. Tehran was defiant on Tuesday, saying the new US sanctions against Iran showed Washington was "lying" about an offer of talks.


AI services startup Hypergiant brings on Bill Nye as an advisor – TechCrunch

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Hypergiant, a startup launched last year to address the execution gap in bringing applied AI and machine learning technologies to bear for large companies, has signed on a high-profile new advisor to help out with the new'Galactic Systems' division of its services lineup. Hypergiant founder CEO Ben Lamm also serves as an Advisory Council Member for The Planetary Society, the nonprofit dedicated to space science and exploration advocacy that's led by Nye who acts as the Society's CEO. Nye did some voiceover work for the video at the bottom of this post for Hypergiant through the connection, and then decided to come on in a more formal capacity as an official advisor working with the company. Nye was specifically interested in helping Hypergiant to work on AI tech that touch on a couple of areas he's most passionate about. "Hypergiant has an ambitious mission to address some big problems using artificial intelligence systems," Nye explained via email.


Researchers unveil new tool to pinpoint unnatural movements that helps suss out deepfakes

Daily Mail - Science & tech

The fight against videos altered by the use of artificial intelligence just got a new ally. According to researchers at UC Berkeley and the University of Southern California, a new algorithm can help spot whether a video has been manipulated via a process known as'deepfaking.' Counter-intuitively, the tool that scientists say will aid them in their crusade against faked videos happens to be the very same tool that helps make the videos in the first place: artificial intelligence. The fight against videos altered by the use of artificial intelligence just got a new ally. Pictured is a grab from a deep fake video where Steve Buscemi's face is superimposed over Jennifer Lawrence's body Deepfakes are so named because they utilize deep learning, a form of artificial intelligence, to create fake videos.


Deepfake Videos Could Destroy Trust In Society – Here's How To Restore It - Liwaiwai

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It has the potential to ruin relationships, reputations and our online reality. "Deepfake" artificial intelligence technology promises to create doctored videos so realistic that they're almost impossible to tell from the real thing. So far it has mostly been used to create altered pornographic clips featuring celebrity women's faces but once the techniques are perfected, deepfake revenge porn purporting to show people cheating on their partners won't be far behind. But more than becoming a nasty tool for stalkers and harassers, deepfakes threaten to undermine trust in political institutions and society as a whole. The White House recently justified temporarily banning a reporter from its press conferences using reportedly sped up genuine footage of an incident involving the journalist.


Deep Dive: How a Health Tech Sprint Pioneered an AI Ecosystem

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When we began our 14-week tech health sprint in October 2018, we did not realize the profound lessons we would learn in just a few months. Together with federal agencies and private sector organizations, we demonstrated the power of applying artificial intelligence (AI) to open federal data. Through this collaborative process, we showed that federal data can be turned into products for real-world health applications with the potential to help millions of Americans have a better life. Joshua Di Frances, the executive director of the Presidential Innovation Fellows (PIF) program, says that this collaboration across agencies and private companies represents a new way of approaching AI and federal open data. "Through incentivizing links between government and industry via a bidirectional AI ecosystem, we can help promote usable, actionable data that benefits the American people," Di Frances said.


AI in sales: improving the customer journey, not stealing jobs

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Ex-prime minister David Cameron has taken a job at Affiniti, one of the world's largest artificial intelligence companies, which specialises in the use of AI in sales. As chair of the company's advisory board, Mr Cameron says he will be helping support its work to transform the future of customer service and interpersonal communications. While Mr Cameron may not have predicted the UK's future in Europe, there's no doubt that backing the use of AI in sales is a better bet. "AI and machine-learning are the next evolution of the digital revolution," says Brendan Dykes, director of product marketing at customer experience and call centre technology vendor Genesys. "Like the incoming tide, you can ignore it, but it will continue to come and you can either ride the wave or be swept away by it."


How the NSA thinks about Artificial Intelligence today

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For now, the NSA is exploring the use of artificial intelligence to detect vulnerabilities. "We are experimenting and developing'self-healing networks,' where we see a vulnerability and the vulnerability is recognized rapidly and patched or mitigated," NSA Director Gen. Paul Nakasone explained in his Joint Forces Quarterly interview. Machine learning eventually could help ease the immense workload placed on each cyber staffer at the agency, Neal Ziring, NSA's Technical Director for Capabilities told CyberScoop. "We're going to need, at the very least, ML techniques to pull signal out of the noise so that the defenders, the operators can be informed [and] spend their time on the most critical events or anomalies rather than trying to make sense of this huge data space manually," Ziring said.


Artificial Intelligence: New Threats to International Psychological Security

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The scholars focused on combating the malicious use of AI by terrorists. Their findings were published in the journal Russia in Global Affairs. Much has been written on the threats that artificial intelligence (AI) can pose to humanity. Today, this topic is among the most discussed issues in scientific and technical development. Despite the fact that so-called Strong AI, characterised by independent systems thinking and possibly self-awareness and will power, is still far from reality, various upgraded versions of Narrow AI are now completing specific tasks that seemed impossible just a decade ago.


Do You Trust This Computer? (A Reaction Paper)

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This documentary projects the effects and dangers of Artificial Intelligence (AI) developments for next generations. The video addresses lots of examples in both negative and positive dimensions for using and developing Artificial Intelligence. In my opinion, one of the most important messages of this movie is that speakers in the movie believe that the development of AI is beneficial but it could misuse in lots of malicious areas. Example of that might be within war machines or development of mass destruction weapons which could seriously jeopardize our lives. The message of this movie is clearly states that machines can easily reproduce and duplicate themselves therefore development of full AI could spell the end of the human race.