Collaborating Authors


Growing role for AI in fresh produce


There is a growing role for artificial intelligence within horticulture, experts have claimed – but it is not the silver bullet many people think. Speaking at World of Fresh Ideas, Anthony Atlas, head of product and growth at agronomic machine-learning specialist ClimateAI, outlined the benefits and pitfalls of AI use on farms. Describing AI as "systems that generate predictions from past correlations – a giant pattern-identification machine", Atlas said AI is only as good as the training it receives. He stressed that it is not easy to build, and that there isn't one single system that does everything, but instead each task is done by a separate model trained to perform a particular task. In horticulture, AI is being used as a decision-support system in climate and weather forecasting, imagery interpretation and precision automation of greenhouses. Benefits of AI include more complexity, nuance and power, the ability to cheaply automate repetitive tasks, and the fact it is more lightweight than a supercomputer.

Artificial Intelligence for Rapid Exclusion of COVID-19 Infection


An international retrospective study finds that infection with SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, creates subtle electrical changes in the heart. An AI-enhanced EKG can detect these changes and potentially be used as a rapid, reliable COVID-19 screening test to rule out COVID-19 infection. The AI-enhanced EKG was able to detect COVID-19 infection in the test with a positive predictive value -- people infected -- of 37% and a negative predictive value -- people not infected -- of 91%. When additional normal control subjects were added to reflect a 5% prevalence of COVID-19 -- similar to a real-world population -- the negative predictive value jumped to 99.2%. The findings are published in Mayo Clinic Proceedings.

Here's How Ransomware Is Going To Fiendishly Impede AI Self-Driving Cars


Ransomware will inevitably plague self-driving cars. Ransomware is being continually mentioned in the daily news and appears to be a seemingly unstoppable fiendish craze. Perhaps the recent attack of ransomware on the Colonial Pipeline received the most rapt attention since it led to concerns over gasoline shortages and caused quite a stir amongst the general public. When ransomware is used against a particular bank or hospital or school, this normally doesn't have quite the same widespread disruption as did the fuel pipeline incident. The thing is, we are probably going to see a lot more ransomware being fielded and doing so against all manner of businesses and governmental entities. Some would assert that we are only so far at the tip of the iceberg when it comes to ransomware hacks. Part of the reason why you can expect more use of ransomware is that it is relatively easy for an evildoer or crook to deploy the computer hacking scourge. Whereas the perpetrator used to need to have some keen computer nerdish skills, that's pretty much not the case anymore. Sadly, the ease of attempting to infect computer systems with ransomware has become nearly easy-peasy and has opened the floodgates to just about any determined villain to try (ransomware programs can be cheaply purchased online via the so-called dark web). There are now plentiful Ransomware-as-a-Service (RaaS) capabilities available that will do most of the heavy lifting for those that prefer a hands-off chauffeured form of ransomware cyberattacks.

UserWay Releases AI-Powered Accessibility Widget for Shopify Stores


UserWay, the leading web accessibility company, announced today the release of its AI-Powered Accessibility Widget in the Shopify app store. UserWay's widget automatically solves accessibility issues on websites to create a more inclusive and accessible user experience. By embedding the UserWay widget in their sites, Shopify store owners ensure that their shops are inclusive of the more than one billion people living with disabilities. Creating websites that are fully accessible is challenging, requiring a high level of effort and expertise to cover hundreds of accessibility guidelines. A recent analysis of the top one million websites detected failures to meet the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines (WCAG) in more than 97% of home pages.

Machine Learning: predicting bank loan defaults


The dataset contains information about credit applicants. Banks, globally, use this kind of dataset and type of informative data to create models to help in deciding on who to accept/refuse for a loan. After all the exploratory data analysis, cleansing and dealing with all the anomalies we might (will) find along the way, the patterns of a good/bad applicant will be exposed to be learned by machine learning models. The goal is to train the best machine learning model to maximize the predictive capability of deeply understanding the past customer's profile minimizing the risk of future loan defaults. The metric used for the models' evaluation is the ROC AUC given that we're dealing with a highly unbalanced data.

Governing algorithms


AI could well have been nominated Person of the Year 2020 by Time magazine due to huge media attention, in-depth scientific scrutiny and hot policy and regulatory debates that swirled around the great opportunities and enormous risks it poses. However, in 2021 and beyond, we should not stop talking about AI. The goal of this whitepaper is to contribute towards an inclusive development of AI and help restore and strengthen trust between policymakers and the public. This calls for a greater effort to understand AI's effects more clearly and develop explainable and accountable algorithms. Furthermore, there is a need for strong evaluation frameworks that can assess not only the performance but also the performance and socio-economic impact of AI.

Mastercard cyber chief on using AI in the fight against fraud - Raconteur


The fight against fraud has always been a messy business, but it's especially grisly in the digital age. To keep ahead of the cybercriminals, investment in technology – particularly artificial intelligence – is paramount, says Ajay Bhalla, president of cyber and intelligence solutions at Mastercard. Since the opening salvo of the coronavirus crisis, cybercriminals have launched increasingly sophisticated attacks across a multitude of channels, taking advantage of heightened emotions and poor online security. Some £1.26 billion was lost to financial fraud in the UK in 2020, according to UK Finance, a trade association, while there was a 43% year-on-year explosion in internet banking fraud losses. The banking industry managed to stop some £1.6 billion of fraud over the course of the year, equivalent to £6.73 in every £10 of attempted fraud.

New Amazon robots could enable 'safer' exploitation of warehouse staff


Weeks after a study revealed that Amazon warehouse workers are injured at higher rates than staff at rival firms, the company has revealed it's testing new robots designed to improve employee safety. The e-commerce giant has ingratiatingly named two of the bots after Sesame Street's Bert and Ernie. Bert is an Autonomous Mobile Robot (AMR) that's built to navigate through Amazon facilities. In the future, the company envisions the bot carrying large and heavy items or carts across a site, reducing the strain on its human coworkers. Ernie, meanwhile, is a workstation system that removes totes from robotic shelves and then deliveries them to employees.

Reimagining the Delivery of Health Care to Create Resiliency


For guidance on how healthcare organizations can leverage connected health technologies to support care anywhere initiatives and create a better experience for healthcare providers and patients, join us for the webinar, Driving Patient-Centric Care: Innovating Drug Development and Care Delivery with Connected Health Technologies, live on July 20 at 11 am EDT. COVID-19 showed how resourceful healthcare and life science organizations could be in the midst of a global pandemic. As the science of how the coronavirus worked and how to contain it evolved, those on the front line had to respond quickly to make course corrections. In many ways, they were fixing the plane while flying it. This was no small feat with so many lives on the line including patients, direct care health providers, first responders, and staff.

Help! My Boyfriend Gets Really Depressed Whenever He Loses a Video Game.


Jenée Desmond-Harris is online weekly to chat live with readers. Here's an edited transcript of this week's chat. Q. Starcraft slump: My boyfriend is a kind, caring, loving man, and I am mostly satisfied with our relationship. His main hobby is the online game Starcraft, and he spends maybe 10 to 15 hours a week on it, usually a game each evening. The problem is that if he loses a game, it can color his mood for days. There are usually like two to three days a month where he's down in the dumps because of this.