Support vector machines (SVMs, also support vector networks) are supervised learning models with associated learning algorithms that analyze data used for classification and regression analysis. (Wikipedia)
Bernhard Scholkopf, director of the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Tbingen, Germany, has been honored with the Korber Prize for European Science 2019. Bernhard Schölkopf, director at the Max Planck Institute for Intelligent Systems in Tübingen, Germany, is honored with the Körber Prize for European Science 2019. The Körber Foundation awards the prize to honor the computer scientist's contributions to machine learning, which today supplies one of the most important methods of Artificial Intelligence (AI). The Körber Prize includes prize money of one million Euros. Artificial Intelligence opens up new opportunities in ever more areas of day-to-day life: "AI is in play when a smartphone group stores photos according to faces and topics such as holidays," Schölkopf explains.
For many of these steps, there are no real short cuts to be taken. The only way to build a minimum viable product, for example, is to roll up your sleeves and start coding. However, in a few cases, tools exist to automate tedious manual processes and make your life much easier. In Python, this is the situation for steps 4, 8 and 10, thanks to the unittest, flake8 and sphinx packages. Let's look at each of these packages one by one.
Next week at AI Research Week, hosted by the MIT-IBM Watson AI Lab in Cambridge, MA, we will publish the first major release of the Adversarial Robustness 360 Toolbox (ART). Initially released in April 2018, ART is an open-source library for adversarial machine learning that provides researchers and developers with state-of-the-art tools to defend and verify AI models against adversarial attacks. ART v1.0 marks a milestone in AI security, introducing new features that extend ART to conventional machine learning models and a variety of data types beyond images: The number of reports on real-world exploitations using adversarial attacks against AI is growing, as in the case of anti-virus software, highlighting the importance of understanding, improving and monitoring the adversarial robustness of AI models. ART provides a comprehensive and growing set of tools to systematically assess and improve the robustness of AI models against adversarial attacks, including evasion and poisoning. In evasion attacks, the adversary crafts small changes to the original input to an AI model in order to influence its behaviour.
After the last financial crisis, the interest rates decreased exponentially and venture capital suddenly became an attractive option to achieve high returns. However, in only a decade the market moved so fast, got so mature and saturated, and so many empires have been created, that is now cumbersome to obtain sustainable returns investing in risky early-stage companies. In fact, capital is abundant nowadays and funds have been raised everywhere, while there is no scarcity either in companies of every shape and size. For these reasons, investing has become incredibly competitive and it has never been harder to spot the needle in the haystack that would make you rich. Unfortunately, the toolbox investors currently have available is not robust enough to reduce their risk and help them managing uncertainty in a better way. This is where machine learning can come to aid.
The discovery of information through data clustering and classification is becoming a key differentiator for competitive organizations. Machine learning applications are everywhere, from self-driving cars, engineering designs, biometrics, and trading strategies, to detection of genetic anomalies. The book begins with an introduction to the functional capabilities of the Scala programming language that are critical to the creation of machine learning algorithms such as dependency injection and implicits. Next, you'll learn about data preprocessing and filtering techniques. A review of the Akka framework and Apache Spark clusters concludes the tutorial.
In today's increasingly hyperconnected world, it's more important than ever to protect our privacy online. But the more information companies collect about us, the more difficult it becomes to protect, even if it's properly anonymized. To address this critical issue, we're excited to announce that we've worked with Google to make our differential privacy library publicly available through TensorFlow, the industry's leading open-source machine learning framework. So what is differential privacy, and why are we teaming up with the world's top technology firm to make it freely available? When we sign up for online services, they assure us that all of our information is "completely anonymous."
Single-cell analysis technologies are rapidly improving and will eventually match the performance of their population-level counterparts. RNA transcriptomes can be quantified in thousands of single cells, and analyses of transcriptomes of single cells with spatial resolution in tissues have been reported1,2,3. Mass cytometry has the potential to enable simultaneous detection of up to 50 proteins, protein modifications, such as phosphorylation, and transcripts in single cells4,5,6,7. Recent developments enable highly multiplexed imaging of similar numbers of markers in adherent cells and tissues5,8,9,10. Single-cell data are typically used to identify cell subpopulations that share similar transcript or protein expression or functional markers.
There's a Nirvana song that you may not have heard that, ironically, describes why you have heard another Nirvana song, "Smells Like Teen Spirit," which dominated the airwaves in the early '90s and still endures today. It's called "Verse Chorus Verse" and it follows the song structure it's named for, which most pop songs, including "Teen Spirit" and recent smashes like "Old Town Road," rely on. The only weird thing, though, is that the song is about frontman Kurt Cobain's chronic stomach pain and the medications he illegally took. That title is a play on a common dig at pop songs--all of them sound the same. Now, two student researchers at the University of San Francisco have leveraged Spotify data to figure out if that's really true.
In the previous four posts I have used multiple linear regression, decision trees, random forest, gradient boosting, and support vector machine to predict MPG for 2019 vehicles. It was determined that svm produced the best model. The raw data is located on the EPA government site. Similar to the other models, the variables/features I am using are: Engine displacement (size), number of cylinders, transmission type, number of gears, air inspired method, regenerative braking type, battery capacity Ah, drivetrain, fuel type, cylinder deactivate, and variable valve. Unlike the other models, the neuralnet package does not handle factors so I will have to transform them into dummy variables.
A total of 11 baseline FRI parameters could significantly distinguish ( p 0.05) the development of AECOPD from a stable period. In contrast, no baseline clinical or pulmonary function test parameters allowed significant classification. Furthermore, using Support Vector Machines, an accuracy of 80.65% and positive predictive value of 82.35% could be obtained by combining baseline FRI features such as total specific image-based airway volume and total specific image-based airway resistance, measured at functional residual capacity. Patients who developed an AECOPD, showed significantly smaller airway volumes and (hence) significantly higher airway resistances at baseline.