Law


Jeffrey Epstein told a journalist he funded Sophia the robot, who he claimed would have 'more empathy than a woman'

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Jeffrey Epstein's tangled web leads down some surprising paths, including, he claimed, to Sophia the robot. The female robot styled after Audrey Hepburn made headlines in recent years for her eerily lifelike skin and appearance, complete with a diverse set of facial expressions, and the artificial intelligence she uses to spout off quotes like "OK. She also got in a Twitter fight with Chrissy Teigen. In a new essay detailing a journalist's friendship with Jeffrey Epstein over the past three decades, Edward Jay Epstein (the two are not related) says the wealthy financier told him in April 2013 that he was funding a Hong Kong group to build "the world's smartest robot," named Sophia. Sophia was built by Hanson Robotics, a Hong Kong company created and led by David Hanson. In a statement shared with Business Insider, Hanson denied that Epstein ever directly contributed funding to either Sophia or Hanson Robotics. "With all of our software efforts, both inside Hanson Robotics, and via collaboration with universities and other institutions, we seek to further our mission to empower socially intelligent AI and robots that enrich the quality of human lives.


Will God or Humans Decide if Artificial Intelligent Robots Deserve a Soul?

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Artificial Intelligence (AI) is here today; it's not just the future of technology. It is also not just found in toy robots or Hollywood sci-fi movies. It's embedded in the fabric of your everyday life. Despite AI's promise, certain thinkers are deeply concerned about a time when machines might become fully sentient, rational agents--beings with emotions, consciousness, and self-awareness. "The development of full artificial intelligence could spell the end of the human race," Stephen Hawking told the BBC in 2014.


The Real Reason You Should Fear the Future of Artificial Intelligence.

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Forget Killer Robots--Bias Is the Real Danger of artificial intelligence. Machine learning bias, also known as algorithm bias or AI bias, is a phenomenon that occurs when an algorithm produces results that are systematically prejudiced due to erroneous assumptions in the machine learning process. Oscar Wilde once argued that life imitates art more than art imitates life. Strangely, that's proving to be the case when it comes to AI development – but not in the way some had hoped. AI programs are made up of algorithms, or a set of rules that help them identify patterns so they can make decisions with little intervention from humans.


Edward Snowden: 'Greatest danger still lies ahead with refinement of AI'

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However, he argues, these are not enough to counter accelerating technological changes allowing greater intrusions of privacy and he calls for a worldwide protest movement, similar to those on climate change. He added: "You have to be ready to stand for something if you want it to change. "That is what I hope this book (Permanent Record) will help people come to decide for themselves." The revelation coincides with the GSMA's announcement that the AI market is projected to reach $70 billion by 2020.


Populism, Technology and Law

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Places at the workshop are limited, please, contact us if you are interested in attending the event. Within the framework of the CEU ITI Comparative Populism Project this one-day workshop brings together CEU faculty and international scholars working on topics related to populism, technology, law, and governance within different disciplinary traditions. The aim is to explore the technological challenges to the rule of law, and to analyze the contribution of various emerging technologies to the increasing manifestation of populism. In order to arrive at more generalizable conclusions about the function of populism in public policy, party politics, public administration, the law, and foreign policy, this workshop focuses on the role of technology and governance. The workshop seeks to answer two pressing questions: What is the relationship between populist politics and new digital technologies, like artificial intelligence and machine learning?


Edward Snowden warns of AI tyrants that become "automated police officers"

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In 2013 Edward Snowden made explosive revelations about the scope and depth of internet surveillance carried out by the United States and its allies, that confirmed what had up until that point been some rather wild conspiracy theories. His decision to publish, with the help of several global media outlets, a large number of confidential documents was a rather dramatic attempt of raising public awareness – a task that may or may not have been accomplished. But it was also a move that polarized opinions in his own country, and one that has cost him dearly: he has become one of the figures that Breitbart refers to as "western dissidents." Snowden now lives in exile in Russia, and has lately become more present in the media thanks to the fact he is promoting his memoir. And when this whistleblower shares his opinion on some of the most controversial issues pertaining to the tech industry, people tend to listen.


Article: BeSpacific, "The Ethics of Artificial Intelligence in Law: Basic Questions"

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As AI becomes increasingly integrated within the legal system, how can society ensure that core legal values are preserved? Among the most important of these legal values are: equal treatment under the law; public, unbiased, and independent adjudication of legal disputes; justification and explanation for legal outcomes; outcomes based upon law, principle, and facts rather than social status or power; outcomes premised upon reasonable, and socially justifiable grounds; the ability to appeal decisions and seek independent review; procedural fairness and due process; fairness in design and application of the law; public promulgation of laws; transparency in legal substance and process; adequate access to justice for all; integrity and honesty in creation and application of law; and judicial, legislative, and administrative efficiency. The use of AI in law may diminish or enhance how these values are actually expressed within the legal system or alter their balance relative to one another. This chapter surveys some of the most important ethical topics involving the use of AI within the legal system itself (but not its use within society more broadly) and examines how central legal values might unintentionally (or intentionally) change with increased use of AI in law."


Call you tell a real face from an AI-generated one?

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There's fake news, fake Nigerian princes, fake weather, even deep fakes of celebrities … but if you see a picture of someone on the internet, whether it's been used legitimately or is identity theft, it must be of a real person, right? Neural networks have become so sophisticated that they can generate convincing images of people who don't exist. Using what is known as a generative adversarial network (GAN) approach, two neural networks essentially play a game of cat and mouse: one learns from a database of real face and creates an artificial image, the other network helps it improve by guessing if the face is real or not. This technology, claim Jevin West and Carl Bergstrom at the University of Washington, is now being used in espionage to create false identities. They have created a game called Which Face Is Real, in order to show people how good these neural networks are at generating fictional human faces.


WattTime, Carbon Tracker, and Google Team Up to Measure Global Power Plant Emissions - The Planetary Press

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On May 7th, WattTime announced a new project in collaboration with Carbon Tracker, Google, and the World Resources Institute (WRI). The project will quantify carbon emissions from all of the world's largest power plants by utilizing AI technology. Data collected will be made available in a public database. The data is intended to hold the polluting plants accountable to environmental standards and enable advanced new emissions reduction technologies. But through the growing power of AI, our little coalition of nonprofits is about to lift that veil all over the world, all at once," said Gavin McCormick, Executive Director of WattTime. "To think that today a little team like ours can use emerging AI remote sensing techniques to hold every powerful polluter worldwide accountable is pretty incredible.


Snowden Spills: Infamous Whistleblower Opines On Spycraft, AI, And Being Suicided

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Edward Snowden has finally laid it all out - documenting his memoires in a new 432-page book, Permanent Record, which will be published worldwide on Tuesday, September 17. Meeting with both The Guardian and Spiegel Online in Moscow as part of its promotion, the infamous whistleblower spent nearly five hours with the two media outlets - offering a taste of what's in the book, details on his background, and his thoughts on artificial intelligence, facial recognition, and other intelligence gathering tools coming to a dystopia near you. While The Guardian interview is'okay,' scroll down for the far more interesting Spiegel interview, where Snowden goes way deeper into his cloak-and-dagger life, including thoughts on getting suicided. Snowden describes in detail for the first time his background, and what led him to leak details of the secret programmes being run by the US National Security Agency (NSA) and the UK's secret communication headquarters, GCHQ. He describes the 18 years since the September 11 attacks as "a litany of American destruction by way of American self-destruction, with the promulgation of secret policies, secret laws, secret courts and secret wars".