If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Those of us who see the great potential of artificial intelligence in radiology are eager to assure that AI systems work to the benefit of all of our patients. To do so, we must be aware of possibilities for error. In quality management, a latent error is a failure that is "waiting to happen," often due to an oversight in design or execution. Modern AI systems are complex: they can entail hundreds of layers with thousands of connections. It's well known that deep learning systems can associate extraneous features with their intended goals.
Globally, there is a huge unmet need for effective treatments for neurodegenerative diseases. The complexity of the molecular mechanisms underlying neuronal degeneration and the heterogeneity of the patient population present massive challenges to the development of early diagnostic tools and effective treatments for these diseases. Machine learning, a subfield of artificial intelligence, is enabling scientists, clinicians and patients to address some of these challenges. In this Review, we discuss how machine learning can aid early diagnosis and interpretation of medical images as well as the discovery and development of new therapies. A unifying theme of the different applications of machine learning is the integration of multiple high-dimensional sources of data, which all provide a different view on disease, and the automated derivation of actionable insights. In this Review, the authors describe the latest developments in the use of machine learning to interrogate neurodegenerative disease-related datasets. They discuss applications of machine learning to diagnosis, prognosis and therapeutic development, and the challenges involved in analysing health-care data.
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In this blog post we'll try to understand how to do a simple classification on fruits data. Dataset contains fruit names as target variables and mass, width, height and color score as features. It is a simple data set with less than 100 training examples. To understand the distribution of fruit names let's plot count of each category using seaborn library. Looks like all the fruits are equally distributed except mandarin.
Although the importance of machine learning methods in genome research has grown steadily in recent years, researchers have often had to resort to using obsolete software. Scientists in clinical research often did not have access to the most recent models. This will change with the new free open access repository: Kipoi enables an easy exchange of machine learning models in the field of genome research. The repository was created by Julien Gagneur, Assistant Professor of Computational Biology at the TUM, in collaboration with researchers from the University of Cambridge, Stanford University, the European Bioinformatics Institute (EMBL-EBI) and the European Molecular Biology Laboratory (EMBL). "What makes Kipoi special is that it provides free access to machine learning models that have already been trained," says Julien Gagneur.
The pharmaceutical business is perhaps the only industry on the planet, where to get the product from idea to market the company needs to spend about a decade, several billion dollars, and there is about 90% chance of failure. It is very different from the IT business, where only the paranoid survive but a business where executives need to plan decades ahead and execute. So when the revolution in artificial intelligence fueled by credible advances in deep learning hit in 2013-2014, the pharmaceutical industry executives got interested but did not immediately jump on the bandwagon. Many pharmaceutical companies started investing heavily in internal data science R&D but without a coordinated strategy it looked more like re-branding exercise with the many heads of data science, digital, and AI in one organization and often in one department. And while some of the pharmaceutical companies invested in AI startups no sizable acquisitions were made to date.
The AlexNet convolutional neural network(CNN) was introduced in the year 2012. Since then, the utilization of deep convolutional neural network has skyrocketed to the point where several machine learning solutions leverage deep CNNs. This article will present the essential findings, and talking points of the research paper, in which the AlexNet architecture was introduced. Machine learning and Deep learning practitioner of all levels can follow along with the content presented in this article.
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As the fuel that powers their progressing digital transformation endeavors, organizations wherever are searching for approaches to determine as much insight as could reasonably be expected from their data. The accompanying increased demand for advanced predictive and prescriptive analytics has, thus, prompted a call for more data scientists capable with the most recent artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) tools. However, such highly-skilled data scientists are costly and hard to find. Truth be told, they're such a valuable asset, that the phenomenon of the "citizen data scientist" has of late emerged to help close the skills gap. A corresponding role, as opposed to an immediate substitution, citizen data scientists need explicit advanced data science expertise. However, they are fit for producing models utilizing best in class diagnostic and predictive analytics.