If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Artificial intelligence could one day be used to tailor education to the needs of each individual child.Credit: Suzanne Kreiter/The Boston Globe/Getty People produce more than 2.5 quintillion bytes of data each day. Businesses are harnessing these riches using artificial intelligence (AI) to add trillions of dollars in value to goods and services each year. Amazon dispatches items it anticipates customers will buy to regional hubs before they are purchased. Thanks to the vast extractive might of Google and Facebook, every bakery and bicycle shop is the beneficiary of personalized targeted advertising. But governments have been slow to apply AI to hone their policies and services.
An artificial intelligence (AI)-trained facial recognition system (FRS) has been installed at the Puratchi Thalaivar Dr. MGR Central railway station for detecting known culprits passing through the gates and alerting authorities. "For the first time, we have introduced the CCTV camera device backed by artificial intelligence. In the existing system, we capture the picture and video of any suspect. But we have to manually analyse the footage to detect their movement. The new system will automatically alert us about known culprits," said a senior police officer of the Government Railway Police (GRP).
A New Mexico man was arrested for allegedly beating his girlfriend after their Amazon device alerted police. Eduardo Barros, 28, was with his girlfriend and her daughter at a residence in Tijeras, outside of Albuquerque, on July 2. The pair got into an argument and the confrontation became physical, according to the Bernalillo County Sheriff Department's spokesperson, Deputy Felicia Romero. Eduardo Barros, 28, (pictured), was arrested for allegedly threatening to kill his girlfriend after he mentioned'calling sheriffs' during a fight, which prompted an Alexa device to call 911 It is understood Barros allegedly became angered because of a text message that the woman received and he accused her of cheating on him. He was allegedly in possession of a firearm and threatened to kill his unidentified girlfriend, saying to her, 'Did you call the sheriffs?' A smart speaker, which was connected to a surround sound system inside the house, recognized the comment as a voice command and called 911, Romero told the New York Post.
Forget the old'good cop, bad cop' routine -- soon police may be turning to artificial intelligence systems that can reveal a suspect's true emotions during interrogations. The face-scanning technology would rely on micro-expressions, tiny involuntary facial movements that betray true feelings and even reveal when people are lying. London-based startup Facesoft has been training an AI on micro-expressions seen on the faces of real-life people, as well as in a database of 300 million expressions. The firm has been in discussion with both UK and Mumbai police forces about potential practical applications for the AI technology. The latter are reportedly interested in using the technology as part of crowd control measures, with the algorithm detecting when an angry mob might be forming.
The authorities have sought to justify mass surveillance in Xinjiang as a means to fight terrorism. Fu Xiaolong of Cloud Walk a facial recognition developer told the Financial Times: "The police are using a big-data rating system to rate highly suspicious groups of people based on where they go and what they do." He added that the risk rises if the person "frequently visits transport hubs and goes to suspicious places like a knife store". Another way that the police can use AI to predict crimes is through algorithms that use "crowd analysis" to detect "suspicious" patterns of individuals to determine if they are a thief, for example. It can also be used to monitor "high risk" locations, such as knife and hammer shops.
NASHIK: The city traffic branch has collected fine of Rs 5.10 lakh from 2,550 motorists in the past five months for violating the no-entry zone at the Indiranagar underpass on the Mumbai Agra highway. The traffic department had made mandatory for only Govind Nagar bound motorists to use the underpass while the Indiranagar bound motorists were told to take a detour to reach the place. But still many motorists didn't pay heed to the rules and were caught violating by the CCTV cameras put up inside the underpass. On January 26 this year, the city police installed an artificial intelligence (AI) system at the Indiranagar underpass to keep check on motorists violating the underpass norms. Senior police officials said that the new application installed at the underpass was not only helping streamline the vehicular traffic inside the structure but also helping in spotting the defaulters so that they can be fined.
What do a Yemeni refugee in the queue for food aid, a checkout worker in a British supermarket and a depressed university student have in common? They're all being sifted by some form of artificial intelligence. Advanced nations and the world's biggest companies have thrown billions of dollars behind AI - a set of computing practices, including machine learning that collate masses of our data, analyse it, and use it to predict what we would do. Yet cycles of hype and despair are inseparable from the history of AI. Is that clunky robot really about to take my job?
Amazon is considering launching drones that patrol neighbourhoods and could even call the police if they spot something amiss, according to a patent. The company may set up a subscription service for worried homeowners that means its delivery aircrafts fly overhead looking for broken windows, graffiti or a fire. Its drones will be able to take photos or record videos - sparking fears they could be used to collect data Big Brother-style. In an apparent attempt to quell such fears, the patent states drone footage will obscure adjacent properties. It will also require proof of ownership of the object or property being monitored, as well as permission from others living nearby, for example in an apartment block.
Detectives have launched an investigation after three drones disrupted flights at an airport during a nearby music festival. Leicestershire police said a pilot of one of the unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) had been interviewed by officers after it was reported to police at 9.30am on Saturday near the Download festival at Donington Park. Two further drones were reported inside the restricted airspace at East Midlands airport at midnight and on Sunday at 1.30pm. Flights were delayed at the airport as a result of the drones. Police said they had carried out inquiries in conjunction with the Civil Aviation Authority and East Midlands airport.
Law enforcement agencies like the New Orleans Police Department are adopting artificial-intelligence based systems to analyze surveillance footage. WSJ's Jason Bellini gets a demonstration of the tracking technology and hears why some think it's a game changer, while for others it's raising concerns around privacy and potential bias. Photo: Drew Evans/The Wall Street Journal Don't miss a WSJ video, subscribe here: http://bit.ly/14Q81Xy