If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Chinese technology company Huawei launched its Global Industry Vision (GIV) report that identifies 10 megatrends shaping how we live and work. Drawing from Huawei's own quantitative data and real-world use cases of how intelligent technology is permeating every industry, the report also predicts technology trends up until 2025. GIV predicts a 14% global penetration rate of home robots. GIV predicts that the percentage of companies using AR/VR will increase to 10%. Future searches will be button-free, personal social networks will be created effortlessly, and industry will benefit from "zero-search maintenance".
Tech's biggest players have fully embraced the AI revolution. Apple, Qualcomm and Huawei have made mobile chipsets that are designed to better tackle machine-learning tasks, each with a slightly different approach. Huawei launched its Kirin 970 at IFA this year, calling it the first chipset with a dedicated neural processing unit (NPU). Then, Apple unveiled the A11 Bionic chip, which powers the iPhone 8, 8 Plus and X. The A11 Bionic features a neural engine that the company says is "purpose-built for machine-learning," among other things.
DER SPIEGEL: Mr. Schönbohm, the German government has decided not to exclude Huawei from building networks for the next generation of mobile communications. Do you not see any risk in allowing this controversial Chinese company from participating in the construction of the 5G network in Germany? Schönbohm: I think the risk is manageable. There are essentially two fears: First, espionage -- i.e. that data will be siphoned off involuntarily. But we can counter that with improved encryption.
According to Master Lu's AI chip rankings for the first half of 2019, Qualcomm Snapdragon 855 remains the best. In addition to the SD855, Apple A12, and MediaTek P90 is second and third respectively on the list. This is the first time that a MediaTek chip is on Master Lu top 10 AI chips. Master Lu AI performance runs on the new AImark2.0. With the new systems and algorithms, ARM, Qualcomm, HiSilicon, MediaTek, Samsung, and other AI core SoC can be comprehensively evaluated.
Huawei today launched the world's first AI-Native database GaussDB, and the high-performance distributed storage FusionStorage 8.0. Its aim is to activate intelligence in data to help enterprises embrace intelligence. Huawei is also working with its customers and partners to innovate and build a data industry ecosystem that features openness, collaboration, and shared success. The ultimate goal is to make intelligent industries a reality. Humanity will enter the intelligent world in two to three decades.
WASHINGTON - In recent weeks, U.S. President Donald Trump has drawn the ire of security hawks in Congress for suggesting he could trade away his blacklisting of Huawei Technologies Co. to secure a trade deal with China. On Saturday he took a big step toward doing just that, signaling that he cares more about selling U.S. products to China than embarking on a clash of civilizations advocated by some top advisers. In the long run, those business instincts may say more about where U.S.-China ties are headed than his deal with Chinese President Xi Jinping to suspend any new tariffs and resume trade talks. Trump's move last month to cut off supplies to Huawei, one of China's most celebrated companies, marked a major escalation in his confrontation with Beijing after he raised tariffs following a collapse in trade talks.
Another Chinese tech giant is now at the center of national security concerns raised by the U.S. Senate. DJI, a Chinese company that dominates the commercial drone market in the U.S., published an 1800-word letter on Monday striking back against mounting concerns on Capitol Hill over spying, following the recent ban on the Chinese telecom giant Huawei. "The security of a company's products depends on the safeguards it employs, not where its headquarters is located," the Shenzhen-based drone maker said in an open letter to Senators on Monday. During a hearing hosted by Transportation Subcommittee of the Senate Commerce Committee last week, some of the experts testified that they believe that DJI has the potential to send data back to China, which poses serious risks. "American geospatial information is flown to Chinese data centers at an unprecedented level. This literally gives a Chinese company a view from above of our nation. DJI says that American data is safe, but its use of proprietary software networks means how would we know?" said Harry Wingo, Chair of the Cyber Security Department from the National Defense University.
We have an almost mystical faith in the ability of artificial intelligence (AI) to understand and solve problems. It's being applied across many areas of our daily lives and, as a result, the hardware to enable this is starting to populate our data centers. Data centers in themselves present an array of complex problems, including optimization and prediction. So, how about using this miracle technology to improve our facilities? Machine learning, and especially deep learning, can examine a large set of data, and find patterns within it that do not depend on the model that humans would use to understand and predict that data.
Technological advancement including artificial intelligence (AI) has sparked debate for people and governments in developed countries where democratic systems shape the operation of institutional systems. Specifically, such systems have been driven by established universal values such as respect for human rights, property and privacy rights, and democracy, including freedom of expression, and political participation. In these systems, the advancement of technology has been deployed to enhance the efficiency of governments in providing public services while undergoing public scrutiny and institutional oversight. For example, many cities in developed democratic countries ban the use of facial recognition technology as an instrument of security efforts. However, this may not be the case in developing countries in general and particularly in those undergoing long economic transitions without political liberalization, such as Vietnam and China.
The U.S. and China are locked in an increasingly heated struggle for superpower status. Many perceived this confrontation initially only through the lenses of a trade war. However, the ZTE "saga" already indicated the issue was broader and involved a battle for supremacy over 21st century technologies and, relatedly, for international power (see When AI Started Creating AI – Artificial Intelligence and Computing Power, 7 May 2018). The technological battle increasingly looks like a fight to the death, with the offensive against Huawei, aiming notably to protect future 5G networks (Cassell Bryan-Low, Colin Packham, David Lague, Steve Stecklow And Jack Stubbs, "The China Challenge: the 5G Fight", Reuters Investigates, 21 May 2019). For Huawei and China, as well as for the world, consequences are far reaching, as, after Google "stopping Huawei's Android license", and an Intel and Qualcomm ban, the British chip designer ARM, held notably by Japanese Softbank, now stops relations with Huawei (Paul Sandle, "ARM supply halt deals fresh blow to Chinese tech giant Huawei", Reuters, 22 May 2019; "DealBook Briefing: The Huawei Backlash Goes Global", The New York Times, 23 May 2019; Tom Warren, "Huawei's Android And Windows Alternatives Are Destined For Failure", The Verge, 23 May 2019). The highly possible coming American move against Chinese Hikvision, one of the largest world producers of video surveillance systems involving notably "artificial intelligence, speech monitoring and genetic testing" would only further confirm the American offensive (Doina Chiacu, Stella Qi, "Trump says'dangerous' Huawei could be included in U.S.-China trade deal", Reuters, 23 May 2019; Ana Swanson and Edward Wong, "Trump Administration Could Blacklist China's Hikvision, a Surveillance Firm", The New York Times, 21 May 2019). China, for its part, answers to both the trade war and the technological fight with an ideologically martial mobilisation of its population along the lines of "People's War", "The Long March", and changing TV scheduling to broadcast war films (Iris Zhao and Alan Weedon, "Chinese television suddenly switches scheduling to anti-American films amid US-China trade war", ABC News, 20 May 2019; Michael Martina, David Lawder, "Prepare for difficult times, China's Xi urges as trade war simmers", Reuters, 22 May 2019). This highlights how much is as stake for the Middle Kingdom, as we explained previously ( Sensor and Actuator (4): Artificial Intelligence, the Long March towards Advanced Robots and Geopolitics).