If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
BRUSSELS, BELGIUM – IBM today issued the following statement welcoming the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development's (OECD) release of new Principles on Artificial Intelligence: "The OECD's Principles on AI provide sound policy guidance for governments and stakeholders around the world that are working to advance responsible, human-centred AI. IBM is proud to have contributed our deep AI expertise to their development, and we fully agree in our own guidance to governments with the OECD's view that AI must be fair, explainable and secure. We also support their emphasis on the need for greater investment in AI skills and research. "In the 1980s, OECD guidelines on data protection and privacy provided the essential, international foundation for privacy legislation enacted by many countries. The organization is well-positioned to provide a similar global basis for balanced and consistent approaches to AI policies that prioritize trust and maximize the benefits to society while mitigating risks.
The UK has retained its place among the most prepared governments to harness the opportunities presented by artificial intelligence. An index published today, compiled by Oxford Insights in partnership with the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) in Canada, places the UK as Europe's leading nation and just second on the world stage. "I'm delighted the UK government has been recognised as one of the best in the world in readiness for Artificial Intelligence. AI is already having a positive impact across society – from detecting fraud and diagnosing medical conditions, to helping us discover new music – and we're working hard to make the most of its vast opportunities while managing and mitigating the potential risks. With our newly appointed AI Council, we will boost the growth and use of AI in the UK, by using the knowledge of experts from a range of sectors and encourage dialogue between industry, academia and the public sector, to realise the full potential of data-driven technologies to the economy."
In this Oct. 31, 2018, file photo, a man, who declined to be identified, has his face painted to represent efforts to defeat facial recognition during a protest at Amazon headquarters over the company's facial recognition system, "Rekognition," in Seattle. San Francisco is on track to become the first U.S. city to ban the use of facial recognition by police and other city agencies. These days, with facial recognition technology, you've got a face that can launch a thousand applications, so to speak. Sure, you may love the ease of opening your phone just by facing it instead of tapping in a code. But how do you feel about having your mug scanned, identifying you as you drive across a bridge, when you board an airplane or to confirm you're not a stalker on your way into a Taylor Swift concert?
In the blink of an eye, we've seen robots begin to take over the workplace: robots for packing and shipping boxes at Amazon, robots for hospital care, robots for dentists, first responders, truck drivers, battle fields, and office buildings. New American writer Dennis Behreandt highlights in the AI print issue that: "Government too, is beginning to benefit from AI, naturally enough at the expense of citizen privacy." Through fingerprint identification and facial recognition, the U.S. federal government has been unaccountably collecting massive databases of your private information, turning AI into a very dangerous powerful aspect in today's world. Elon Musk, technology entrepreneur, investor, and engineer, expressed his concerns with AI at a tech conference in Texas: "I am really quite close, I am very close, to the cutting edge in AI and it scares ... me. It's capable of vastly more than almost anyone knows and the rate of improvement is exponential …and mark my words, AI is far more dangerous than nukes. With Stephen Hawking, Apple CEO Tim Cook, and Oxford's Nick Bostrom agreeing with Mr. Musk and expressing similar concerns, one might question humankind's invention. Mr. Behreandt does the same in the cover story: If we are already having difficulty understanding the limited AI of the present, how can we hope to understand, much less control, the increasingly intelligent AI of the near future? And should we create machine intelligence that exceeds our own, as ours exceeds that of the cockroach? One also should start to wonder, by replicating how the brain works through technology are we attempting to replace God? Christianity Today comments on this in their article: "Does'The Image of God' Extend to Robots, Too?" saying that mere morality isn't enough. Such complicated, uneasy relationships with AI are and will continue to be built on our flawed nature as creators. There is a real danger that humans-as-creators will be selfish and amoral creators, fashioning intelligent designs that exist simply to serve our own interests and desires –or our own sense of right and wrong. The immorality we have wrought on our world will be magnified by AI. Since the fall of mankind, the world has always been influenced by sin. As God's children we naturally want to create, but instead of creating in our own image, we should create in the image of God. By striving for the virtues of morality instead of our own desires, only then will we live in a free and prosperous society. So as technology seems to fly into a new dimension, let's remember the wise words of John Adams: "Our Constitution was made for a moral and religious people.
NEW DELHi: The NITI Aayog has drawn up a plan for creating an institutional framework for artificial intelligence (AI) in the country. It has circulated a cabinet note to provide Rs 7,500 crore in funding for creation of cloud computing platform called AIRAWAT and research institutes. A senior government official told ET that the Aayog has already circulated the note for consideration by the Expenditure Finance Committee, which is expected to take it up soon. The note proposes that the new government pump in Rs 7,500 crore initially over a three-year period and set up a high-level taskforce to oversee roll-out and implementation of AI, the official said on condition of anonymity. "A cabinet note is ready... We would present it to the new government as we want an institutional framework as well as a transparent policy in place for AI," said the official.
Over the last few years, India has taken significant steps towards adoption of emerging technologies like artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning(ML), with technology solutions providers, tech leaders, startups and government agencies playing a significant role in shaping the evolution of the technology in the country. According to a recent study, which observed the country-wide AI readiness in the Asia Pacific, India was ranked third in readiness, with its overall readiness score being 50.2 out of100, while Singapore was ranked the first with 63 points and Hong Kong was at the second with 56.5 points. As straightforward as it might sound, AI readiness simply does not refer a country's preparedness in embracing AI, rather, a number of key factors like the ability of its consumers, businesses and government to adopt, deploy and support AI technologies are taken into consideration to better understand the readiness capability of a country in adopting AI. In other words, AI readiness is not a linear process instead, multiple factors shape the outcome. "AI adoption is fragmented and uneven across the region. In some cases, governments' efforts and commitment have yet to be reflected in businesses' or consumers' adoption and usage of AI. In others, business and consumers are taking the lead, showing governments the way forward in terms of change and innovation," Eric Loeb EVP, Global Government Affairs points out in the study.
Governments around the world are under pressure to operate more efficiently, serve citizens better, and provide more satisfying working environments for their employees. Lessons from the private sector show automation at scale has the potential to serve those purposes, but to get there governments must become more strategic in their approach, embrace new technologies, and be prepared to act at scale. Process automation and technologies based on artificial intelligence can bring benefits across numerous functions of government, including much lower operating costs, more efficient processes, and less wastage and errors. McKinsey estimates that as many as four out of five processes in HR, finance, and application processing are at least partially automatable, with the potential to reduce costs by at least 30 percent. The benefits of automation can be achieved relatively quickly.
The government has unveiled the membership of its first AI Council as it attempts to position the UK as a leader in the burgeoning sector. The panel includes representatives from Google, Microsoft and Amazon, as well as data protection groups, academia and the public sector. "[Our AI Council will leverage] the knowledge of experts from a range of sectors to provide leadership on the best use and adoption of artificial intelligence across the economy," the digital secretary Jeremy Wright (pictured) will say in a speech at Viva Tech in Paris on Thursday (16 May). "Under the leadership of Tabitha Goldstaub the Council will represent the UK AI Sector on the international stage and help us put in place the right skills and practices to make the most of data-driven technologies." It is expected that the council will eventually draw together a wider group of representatives to address issues facing the UK's AI sector, such as data and ethics, adoption, skills and diversity.
Recently San Francisco passed – in an 8-to-1 vote -- a ban on local agencies to use facial recognition technologies. The move is likely not to be a one-off either. Other local governments are exploring similar prohibitions, so as to deal with the potential Orwellian risks that the technology may harm people's privacy. "In the mad dash towards AI and analytics, we often turn a blind eye to their long-range societal implications which can lead to startling conclusions," said Kon Leong, who is the CEO of ZL Technologies. Yet some tech companies are getting proactive.
Our first article (What is AI?) highlighted that Artificial intelligence already has a huge impact on our lives. People are concerned about AI replacing jobs or being misused, with good reason. So here we take a broad look at the ethics of AI. AI is software: it's no more intrinsically good or bad than a database or website. Because AI has great power, the way we apply it is critically important.