Collaborating Authors

New research indicates the whole universe could be a giant neural network


The core idea is deceptively simple: every observable phenomenon in the entire universe can be modeled by a neural network. And that means, by extension, the universe itself may be a neural network. Vitaly Vanchurin, a professor of physics at the University of Minnesota Duluth, published an incredible paper last August entitled "The World as a Neural Network" on the arXiv pre-print server. It managed to slide past our notice until today when Futurism's Victor Tangermann published an interview with Vanchurin discussing the paper. We discuss a possibility that the entire universe on its most fundamental level is a neural network.

Judgement Day - J. Michael Collins


If you follow VO discussion groups on social media, it's hard to miss the urgent and sometimes panicked tone among VOs when it comes to the subject of AI, or Artificial Intelligence voice overs. There seems to be a pervasive fear that we are all about to be replaced….sent Well, you may indeed go bald. There's nothing I can do about that. But, I can give you reassurance that the age of AI voiceover may in fact be to the benefit of serious professional voice actors.

Eagle-inspired robot flies by flapping its feather-covered wings

New Scientist

A robotic bird with flapping wings covered in real feathers has flown for the first time. It could be used to provide insight into how real birds fly, or create stealthy drones that appear to observers as normal wildlife. Researchers at Guangxi University in China and Chinese firm Bee-eater Technology built a carbon fibre skeleton linked with aluminium joints and some 3D-printed plastic parts. It was covered in a thin foam and then layered with real goose feathers in a pattern that mimicked the way they would lay on a real bird.

How Important Is Data Quality In Machine Learning?


Day after day, machine learning is becoming an important function in several business sectors. Machine learning programs run on data and the need for large amounts of data to train the machine like a well-oiled engine is more than ever. But more than large amounts of data, good data quality is crucial to get the desired end result. Data management deals with data quality, which is what makes the output given by analytical applications authentic. Analytical applications give businesses an insight into their standing in the industry.



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Artificial Intelligence Could Reduce Time To Diagnose Breast Cancer - AI Summary


Google Health has teamed up with Northwestern Medicine to explore whether artificial intelligence (AI) could prioritise reviews of mammograms with a higher suspicion of breast cancer. Women whose mammograms show a higher likelihood of breast cancer might be able to be seen the same day for follow up, according to a statement from Northwestern Medicine. Dr Sarah Friedewald, associate professor of radiology at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, said: "With the use of artificial intelligence, we hope to expedite the process to diagnosis of breast cancer by identifying suspicious findings on patients' screening examinations earlier than the standard of care. The Goolge-funded study builds on research conducted by Northwestern Medicine, Google Health and the NHS in 2020, which found AI screening of mammograms was as accurate as human experts. Dr Mozziyar Etemadi, research assistant professor of anesthesiology at Northwestern Medicine, added: "This study is the next step by applying the AI models in a prospective study to better understand how AI can be the most helpful for clinicians and patients in the real world."

AI Council advises government to do artificial intelligence moonshots


The AI Council has published a "roadmap" of advice for government in respect of developing a UK state strategy for artificial intelligence (AI). Eye-catchingly, it advocates what it calls "moonshots" that "could tackle fundamental challenges such as creating'explainable AI' and developing smart materials for energy storage". The council is a non-statutory body chaired by Tabitha Goldstaub, consisting of 20 people from academia and industry, including Wendy Hall, professor of computer science at the University of Southampton, Marc Warner, the CEO of AI consultancy firm Faculty, and Adrian Smith, chief executive of The Alan Turing Institute. The council was launched in 2018, on the back of the government's response to a House of Lords AI report that recommended the UK pick ethics as a realistic niche in the related fields of artificial intelligence and machine learning. It was bolstered in 2019 with recruits from online retailer Ocado and the Independent Commission on Freedom of Information.

What Powers Artificial Intelligence? A Guide for Business


Artificial Intelligence (AI) is an increasing part of our everyday lives, powering our smartphones and the internet of things. But few people really understand what it is, how it works and more importantly, why it is so important to their business. The Oxford English Dictionary defines artificial intelligence (AI) as the theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks normally requiring human intelligence such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages. For many people in Business, the language used in data science can be confusing. It is far simpler to explain by simply saying, 'powered by AI'.

We don't need to worry about Overfitting anymore


Motivated by prior work connecting the geometry of the loss landscape and generalization, we introduce a novel, effective procedure for instead simulta- neously minimizing loss value and loss sharpness. In particular, our procedure, Sharpness-Aware Minimization (SAM), seeks parameters that lie in neighbor- hoods having uniformly low loss; this formulation results in a min-max optimiza- tion problem on which gradient descent can be performed efficiently. We present empirical results showing that SAM improves model generalization across a variety of benchmark datasets[1] In Deep Learning we use optimization algorithms such as SGD/Adam to achieve convergence in our model, which leads to finding the global minima, i.e a point where the loss of the training dataset is low. But several kinds of research such as Zhang et al have shown, many networks can easily memorize the training data and have the capacity to readily overfit, To prevent this problem and add more generalization, Researchers at Google have published a new paper called Sharpness Awareness Minimization which provides State of the Art results on CIFAR10 and other datasets. In this article, we will look at why SAM can achieve better generalization and how we can implement SAM in Pytorch.

Japanese Companies Go High-Tech in the Battle Against Food Waste


Japanese convenience store chain Lawson is using artificial intelligence to identify goods on shelves that go unsold or fall short of demand. Japanese firms are accelerating the use of advanced technology to combat food waste and reduce costs during the Covid-19 pandemic. Convenience store chain Lawson is using artificial intelligence (AI) from U.S. company DataRobot to identify goods on shelves that go unsold or fall short of demand. Meanwhile, multinational brewing and distilling company Suntory Beverage & Food is testing AI from Fujitsu to ascertain if inventory has been damaged in shipping. Suntory hopes the AI will reduce the return of goods by 30% to 50%, slash food waste costs, and yield a common standard for use by other food manufacturers and shipping firms.