If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Google will postpone the unveiling of its Android 11 update after declaring that "now is not the time". The announcement came as protests continued across US cities, following the death of George Floyd in policy custody. It is one of a range of measures taken by the company to show its support for the Americans protesting against racial inequality. It also added a message to its search page that reads: "We stand in support of racial equality, and all those who search for it". YouTube, which is owned by the same company, has committed $1 million to non-profit Center for Policing Equity in a move it said demonstrated "solidarity against racism and violence".
Robotic hands capable of picking up objects as fragile as a crisp by "sensing" objects have been developed by researchers. Two new tools built by MIT's Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL) offer a breakthrough in the emerging field of soft robotics – a new generation of robots that use squishy, flexible materials rather than traditional rigid equipment. These types of soft robots often draw inspiration from living organisms and offer numerous benefits in their versatile functionality. They are able to operate far more delicately than their rigid counterparts, but until now they have lacked the ability to perceive what items they are interacting with. To overcome this, the researchers equipped their robots with various sensors, cameras and software, allowing them to "see and classify" a range of objects.
Exposure to artificial light at night has been found to induce depressive-like behaviour in mice, a new study has found. The findings could help with the understanding of how exposure to excessive light at night-time triggers depression in humans. Researchers from the University of Science and Technology in China exposed mice to two hours of blue light – the same light emitted from light pollution or electronic devices like smartphones – for several weeks. They observed that after three weeks the animals displayed depressive tendencies, measured by reduced escape behaviour and decreased preference for sugar. These bouts of depression lasted up for an additional three weeks after the mice were no longer exposed to light at night.
Galaxies are spinning in different directions, scientists have found – a discovery that could change our undertstanding of the structure of the universe. The spin of those galaxies seem to suggest there are unexpected and unexplained links between the directions of their spin. The structure formed by those unusual links could suggest that the early universe was also spinning, according to the new study. That is in conflict with previous understandings of the structure of the universe at the largest scale. For decades, scientists have believed that the universe is expanding in no particular direction, with the galaxies inside of it distributed with no particular structure.
Alice is an innovative block-based programming environment that makes it easy to create animations, build interactive narratives, or program simple games in 3D. Alice is designed to teach logical and computational thinking skills, fundamental principles of programming and to be a first exposure to object-oriented programming. The Alice Project provides supplemental tools and materials for teaching using Alice across a spectrum of ages and subject matter with proven benefits in engaging and retaining diverse and underserved groups in computer science education.
Sophisticated innovations in artificial intelligence, computer vision, tactile sensing and more are the driving forces behind smart and autonomous vehicles. Progress on these fronts will be crucial to making smart cars even more intelligent and bringing self-driving cars to fruition, but industry stakeholders are also concentrating on another key to automotive innovation: open-source data, which can provide more shared tools to propel innovative developments. In one of the most prominent illustrations of this trend, Waymo, the AV subsidiary of Google's parent company, Alphabet, made the Waymo Open Dataset public in 2019. Collected by sensors in Waymo's self-driving cars, the dataset features high-resolution multimodal sensor data that covers a variety of environments, from dense urban centers to suburban landscapes, offering insights into a wide range of driving conditions. Its release came on the heels of Lyft and Argo AI's rollouts of their own open-source datasets, and has since then been followed by the release of the Ford Autonomous Vehicle Dataset and Google's open-sourced Android Automotive OS, among others.
Ambarella's products are used in a wide variety of human and computer vision applications, including video security, advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS), electronic mirror, drive recorder, driver/cabin monitoring, autonomous driving and robotic applications. Per a recent evaluation, an Ambarella computer vision (CV) system on chip (SoC) and PCB were run on the Cadence Clarity 3D Solver. Results of both simulations show that when there is no solid reference plane for high-speed signals, the Clarity 3D Solver identifies the Ambarella design defects and correct scattering parameter (S-parameter) response. For both simulations, the Clarity 3D Solver, a 3D electromagnetic solver using 32 CPUs, took just 29 hours to process the case with 202 ports running at 48 bits via a LPDDR4 interface on a geometrical combination of package and PCB layout design. "Ambarella continuously upgrades our system design methodologies to stay ahead of the competition," said Chan Lee, vice president of VLSI at Ambarella, Inc. "The speed, capacity and accuracy of the Cadence Clarity 3D Solver enable us to accelerate our design process and shorten our schedule. We expect that many of the likely challenges of our next-generation 5nm AI design project can be easily and quickly addressed with the Cadence Clarity 3D Solver."
SDL (LSE: SDL), the intelligent language and content company, announces it has entered into a technical partnership with DRUID, specialists in conversational AI, to launch multi-lingual virtual assistants for enterprise organizations that enable real-time communication through chatbots. By integrating SDL Machine Translation with DRUID virtual assistants, companies will be able to conduct chatbot conversations in different languages with employees, customers, partners and suppliers. The solution offers a real-time "interpreter mode" function, which can translate conversations along with "live chat" which can translate into multiple languages in real-time. This supports the need for customers to easily translate entire conversations as well as enable scenarios where an agent – human or virtual – needs to communicate across multiple languages simultaneously. Chatbots are commonly configured to undergo complicated question-and-answering activities in different languages, but language-specific customization can be complex, time-consuming and costly.