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Health & Medicine

Scientists entered people's dreams and got them 'talking'


Researchers analyzed the brain signals and eye and facial movements of people engaged in lucid dreaming "conversations." In the movie Inception, Leonardo DiCaprio enters into other people's dreams to interact with them and steal secrets from their subconscious. Now, it seems this science fiction plot is one baby step closer to reality. For the first time, researchers have had "conversations" involving novel questions and math problems with lucid dreamers--people who are aware that they are dreaming. The findings, from four labs and 36 participants, suggest people can receive and process complex external information while sleeping.

Artificial Intelligence-based Security Market is Booming in Upcoming Year


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Progress Toward the Intelligent Enterprise


If achieving the intelligent enterprise were easy, everyone would have done it by now. The road to creating, or re-creating, a business optimized by AI to take advantage of machine-assisted decision-making at all levels of the organization is a long one. Two key questions are, how far along are we on the path toward achieving this vision of future productivity, and are there ways organizations can improve their odds of success? Companies are now directing billions of dollars globally each year toward AI development, yet more often than not, they're frustrated by the lack of progress. In fact, only 1 in 10 managers who responded to a recent global survey conducted by MIT SMR and BCG could point to tangible returns.

Tech breakthrough combines motion capture and neural learning


Scientists studying the movement of animals have longed for a motion-capture method similar to the one Hollywood animators use to create spectacular big-screen villains (think Thanos in "The Avengers"). Now a team of Harvard-led scientists has made a breakthrough, assembling a new system combining motion capture and deep learning to continuously track the 3D movements of freely behaving animals. The project, which monitors how the brain controls behavior, has the potential to help combat human disease or advance the creation of artificial intelligence. The system, called continuous appendicular and postural tracking using retroreflector embedding -- CAPTURE, for short -- delivers what's believed to be an unprecedented look at how animals move and behave naturally. This can one day lead to new understandings of how the brain functions.

Now Streaming: Government Data


The concept of data streaming is not new. But one of the most critical emerging uses for streaming data is in the public sector, where government agencies are eyeing its game-changing capability to advance everything from battlefield decision-making to constituent experience. IDC predicts that the collective sum of the world's data will grow 33%, to 175 zettabytes, by 2025. For context, at today's average internet connection speeds, 175 zettabytes would take 1.8 billion years for one person to download. Streaming has only further accelerated the velocity of data growth.

We Need Ethical Artificial Intelligence


Artificial intelligence (AI) is doing what the tech-world Cassandras have been predicting for some time: It is sending out curve balls, leaving a trail of misadventures and tricky questions around the ethics of using synthetic intelligence. Sometimes, spotting and understanding the dilemmas AI presents is easy, but often it is difficult to pin down the exact nature of the ethical questions it raises. We need to heighten our awareness around the changes that AI demands in our thinking. If we don't, AI will trigger embarrassing situations, erode reputations and damage businesses. Two years ago, Amazon abandoned the AI tool it used to recruit employees.

Machine learning could aid mental health diagnoses: Study


In order to accurately identify patients with a mix of psychotic and depressive symptoms, researchers from the University of Birmingham recently developed a way of using machine learning to do so. The findings of the research were published in the journal'Schizophrenia Bulletin'. Patients with depression or psychosis rarely experience symptoms of purely one or the other illness. Historically, this has meant that mental health clinicians give a diagnosis of a'primary' illness, but with secondary symptoms. Making an accurate diagnosis is a big challenge for clinicians and diagnoses often do not accurately reflect the complexity of individual experience or indeed neurobiology.



From powerful diagnostic algorithms to finely-tuned surgical robots, artificial intelligence (AI) is making its presence known across the healthcare industry. The potential for both AI in the healthcare industry is vast. Here are a few examples in use today: Radiology, Drug Discovery, Patient Risk Identification, Primary Care/Triage.

Ancestry company uses deepfakes to bring old photos of your great grandma to life


While some companies are fighting nefarious uses of deepfakes, others are embracing the technology for more playful reasons. With our new Deep Nostalgia, you can see how a person from an old photo could have moved and looked if they were captured on video! MyHeritage, a family ancestry company that offers DNA testing much like 23andMe, has unveiled a new AI-powered tool called " Deep Nostalgia." The technology takes your old photos and animates the people in them, producing a full fledged moving picture kind of like the iPhone's Live Photos. To create this completely automated tool, MyHeritage partnered with a company called D-ID, which has written an algorithm that creates these animated videos out of old images.

A better intelligence test for autonomous driving systems


In 2015, Elon Musk guessed that the industry should expect fully autonomous vehicles by 2018--but that never happened. In 2014, Nissan promised multiple, commercially viable driverless vehicles on the market by 2020. While the COVID-19 pandemic did not help the situation, this is another unmet promise. Why do auto manufacturers have to keep moving the goalposts on driverless vehicles? According to a research paper recently published in Nature Communications by the Center for Connected and Automated Transportation (CCAT), one of the obstacles that has hindered the development of autonomous vehicles comes down to a severe inefficiency in the way autonomous vehicle testing and evaluation is performed.