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Surgical robots, new medicines and better care: 32 examples of AI in healthcare

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Artificial intelligence simplifies the lives of patients, doctors and hospital administrators by performing tasks that are typically done by humans, but in less time and at a fraction of the cost. One of the world's highest-growth industries, the AI sector was valued at about $600 million in 2014 and is projected to reach a $150 billion by 2026. Whether it's used to find new links between genetic codes or to drive surgery-assisting robots, artificial intelligence is reinventing -- and reinvigorating -- modern healthcare through machines that can predict, comprehend, learn and act. Check out these 32 examples of AI in healthcare. In 2015, misdiagnosing illness and medical error accounted for 10% of all US deaths. In light of that, the promise of improving the diagnostic process is one of AI's most exciting healthcare applications.


Amazon is giving away $25 gift cards to anyone who agrees to let the firm 3D scan their entire body

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Amazon is offering up $25 gift cards in exchange for 3D scans of your body. The internet giant is currently conducting a study at its New York office as part of Amazon Body Labs that seeks to'learn about diversity among body shapes,' according to a listing, which was first spotted by Mashable. Participants who set up a 30-minute appointment will be asked to take a survey and agree to have 3D scans, photos and videos taken of them. The move comes as Amazon has faced privacy concerns around its collection of data from Echo devices, as well as the deployment of its controversial facial recognition software. Amazon is offering up $25 gift cards in exchange for 3D scans of your body.


Your Amazon Echo didn't build itself. This researcher is tracking AI's social and environmental consequences

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"AI is being fed directly into the bloodstream of society, and in many cases without sufficient checks and balances," says Kate Crawford, a professor and cofounder of New York University's AI Now, the world's first academic research institute dedicated to the social impact of artificial intelligence. Last year, Crawford partnered with data-viz guru Vladan Joler to create "Anatomy of an AI System," a map and research paper demonstrating the real-world consequences of developing and manufacturing the Amazon Echo. The paper highlights the radical differences in income distribution between Amazon executives and the workers who enable its vast infrastructure, as well as its devastating environmental impacts. The project has been exhibited at museums around the world, and Crawford has presented it to leaders in France, Germany, Spain, and Argentina.


PYMNTS.com

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This week Amazon CEO Jeff Bezos got the tech sector's attention with emerging reports of his "fascination" with the rapidly developing world of autonomous autos. "If you think about the auto industry right now, there's so many things going on with Uber-ization, electrification, the connected car -- so it's a fascinating industry," Bezos said. "It's going to be something very interesting to watch and participate in, and I'm very excited about that whole industry." Amazon has made some sizable investments to accompany that interest -- most notably in automation and electrification start-up Rivian and self-driving startup Aurora. And fascination aside, Amazon has a race for the consumer's whole paycheck to vie in with Walmart -- and there is little doubt that auto automation plays like Rivian and Aurora could put some octane, so to speak, behind that effort.


Samsung AI Can Turn a Single Portrait Into a Realistic Talking Head

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There have been huge advancements in recent years in the area of AI "deepfakes", or fake photos or videos of humans created using neural networks. Fake videos of a person usually require a large number of photos of that individual, but Samsung has figured out how to create realistic talking heads from as little as a single portrait photo. In a newly published paper titled, "Few-Shot Adversarial Learning of Realistic Neural Talking Head Models," a team of researchers at the Samsung AI Center in Moscow, Russia, share their new system that has this "few-shot capability." Once it's familiar with human faces, it's able to create talking heads of previously unseen people using one or a few shots of that person. For each photo, the AI is able to detect various "landmarks" on the face -- things like the eyes, nose, mouth, and various lengths and shapes.


Chinese pre-schools use robots to do daily health checks of children

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The school nurse of the future could be a robot if Chinese technology catches on – but British people may be too suspicious, experts say. Children at more than 2,000 pre-schools in the Asian country now have their health checked every morning by a machine. The Walklake robot, which has a square body and cartoon-like face, takes just three seconds to scan a child's hands, eyes, and throats. And if it picks up any signs of illness – red eyes, rashes or mouth ulcers, for example – it can refer the child to a human nurse. One British doctor said he thought parents in the UK wouldn't want the technology and it could disrupt children's learning, but another called it'a great idea'.


Chinese pre-schools use robots to do daily health checks of children

#artificialintelligence

The school nurse of the future could be a robot if Chinese technology catches on – but British people may be too suspicious, experts say. Children at more than 2,000 pre-schools in the Asian country now have their health checked every morning by a machine. The Walklake robot, which has a square body and cartoon-like face, takes just three seconds to scan a child's hands, eyes, and throats. And if it picks up any signs of illness – red eyes, rashes or mouth ulcers, for example – it can refer the child to a human nurse. One British doctor said he thought parents in the UK wouldn't want the technology and it could disrupt children's learning, but another called it'a great idea'.


A Lack Of Artificial Intelligence Managers Threatens Italy

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The problem is not only in the lack of educational institutions for bringing up this kind of specialists. There is also the absence of a general concept to solve the problem of training qualified personnel. Sceptics believe that the creation of added value in the era of artificial intelligence depends on the genius of the individual -- a creative expert who cannot be taught to manage the processes of artificial intelligence. Internet gurus such as Mark Zuckerberg or Pavel Durov are often cited as examples. However, people forget that the above-mentioned creators are only the developers of the concept, which is implemented by an horde of medium-level managers.


How U.S. Weapons Ended Up Hitting Hospitals in Yemen

NYT > Middle East

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