If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
Science-fiction can sometimes be a good guide to the future. In the film Upgrade (2018) Grey Trace, the main character, is shot in the neck. His wife is shot dead. Trace wakes up to discover that not only has he lost his wife, but he now faces a future as a wheelchair-bound quadriplegic. He is implanted with a computer chip called Stem designed by famous tech innovator Eron Keen – any similarity with Elon Musk must be coincidental – which will let him walk again.
When Elon Musk first started talking about launching a brain-computer interface company, he made a number of comments that set expectations for what that idea might entail. The company, he said, was motivated by his concerns about AI ending up hostile to humans: providing humans with an interface directly into the AI's home turf might prevent hostilities from developing. Musk also suggested that he hoped to avoid any electrodes implanted in the brain, since that might pose a barrier to adoption. At his recent public launch of the company (since named Neuralink), worries about hostile AIs did get a mention--but only in passing. Instead, we got a detailed technical description of the hardware behind Neuralink's brain-computer interface, which would rely on surgery and implanted hardware.
Somewhat unceremoniously, Facebook this week provided an update on its brain-computer interface project, preliminary plans for which it unveiled at its F8 developer conference in 2017. In a paper published in the journal Nature Communications, a team of scientists at the University of California, San Francisco backed by Facebook Reality Labs -- Facebook's Pittsburgh-based division devoted to augmented reality and virtual reality R&D -- described a prototypical system capable of reading and decoding study subjects' brain activity while they speak. It's impressive no matter how you slice it: The researchers managed to make out full, spoken words and phrases in real time. Study participants (who were prepping for epilepsy surgery) had a patch of electrodes placed on the surface of their brains, which employed a technique called electrocorticography (ECoG) -- the direct recording of electrical potentials associated with activity from the cerebral cortex -- to derive rich insights. A set of machine learning algorithms equipped with phonological speech models learned to decode specific speech sounds from the data and to distinguish between questions and responses.
Interested in the future and want to experience even more?! eXplore More. Elon Musk's Neuralink, the secretive commercial company developing Brain Machine Interfaces (BMI) that one day they hope will connect human minds directly with AI's and machines, this week took the wrapper off the technology they've been developing. The company's goal, says Musk, is to eventually begin implanting devices in paralysed people so that they can control computers and smartphones with nothing more than their thoughts. And even though Musk gets a lot of the limelight in this area recently the US Military flexed their muscles and showed off their own version of Musk's technology that allowed paralysed volunteers to control fleets of F-35 fighter jets with just their thoughts, and elsewhere Mark Zuckerberg and his team are busy designing non-invasive BMI as part of his attempt to turn Facebook into the "world's first telepathic network." The first big advance Musk showed off was Neuralink's flexible bio-compatible "Threads," which are less likely to damage the brain than the materials used in many of today's traditional invasive BMI's.
Neuralink, the secretive neurotechnology startup of Elon Musk, revealed threads that can directly link a human brain to a computer. This development targets paraplegics to control computers via implantable devices in their brain. This potentially can improve how people communicate and think. The revolutionary tech giant Mr. Musk emphasized that the chip will help "preserve and enhance your own brain" and "ultimately achieve a sort of symbiosis with artificial intelligence" in a conference in San Francisco. Most of the entrepreneurs were revolutionary including online payments with PayPal, innovating the electric car industry through Tesla, and leading private space travel through SpaceX.
Can you imagine making a hotel reservation just by imagining it? Go beyond its recognizable One Click, the maximum simplicity of process in the tourism industry… Searching for a destination without using a single key, analyzing the images without the graphic interface of a screen, deciding and booking as the same 2 1 action, without the help of any purchase button… Something that would probably mean an affront to Amazon, which has made this magic button the being and not the being of its technology. This is what is offered by the most controversial visionary of our century, the tireless entrepreneur of unlikely projects, the ineffable, the questioned, the disturbed and, at the same time, revolutionary, Elon Musk. Once again Elon Musk who, from his company Neuralink, has explained in a highly recommendable video of following a project to leave speechless those who have not had enough with their brand new Tesla cars, their Tesla high-performance batteries, their Solar City kilometer solar farm, their role as the biggest space transporter with Space X or their incredible trips to Mars announced for 2024. The last thing, I say, planned for 2021 or early 2022 is the development of a brain implant in people who voluntarily lend themselves to it.
Elon Musk has a predilection for grandeur. The billionaire tech provocateur made his fortune as a founder of the revolutionary online-payments company PayPal, and since then, he has announced his intention to revolutionize cars, trains, space travel, intercontinental flight, and city driving. SpaceX, his aerospace company, has begun work on the infrastructure to beam internet access down to Earth from satellites in orbit around the planet. And this week, Musk shifted his public ambitions to his next target: the human brain. Neuralink, a neurotechnology company owned by Musk, crept out of the corporate shadows Tuesday with a live-stream that included one of the founder's signature big promises: The company is developing a device to implant inside the brain that supposedly will allow people to control computers and other devices with their mind.
Elon Musk announced late Tuesday night that the final goal of Neuralink, his brain-machine interface startup, is to allow humans to "achieve a symbiosis with artificial intelligence," and that by "merging with AI," humans will be able to keep up with AI. Musk plans to begin human trials on an early version of Neuralink intended to treat brain injuries next year. "Ultimately we can do a full brain machine interface," Musk said in an announcement that was widely livestreamed. "This is going to sound pretty weird. Ultimately we can achieve a symbiosis with artificial intelligence. This is not a mandatory thing, this is something you can choose to have if you want. This is going to be really important at a civilization-level scale. Even in a benign AI scenario, we will be left behind. With a high-bandwidth brain machine interface we can go along for the ride and have the option of merging with AI." Musk has become famous for his moonshot projects, his lofty promises, his quick temper on Twitter, and his various plans for society that don't include input from the rest of us.
Elon Musk said startup Neuralink, which aims to build a scalable implant to connect human brains with computers, has already implanted chips in rats and plans to test its brain-machine interface in humans within two years, with a long-term goal of people "merging with AI." Brain-machine interfaces have been around for awhile. Some of the earliest success with the technology include Brown University's BrainGate, which first enabled a paralyzed person to control a computer cursor in 2006. Since then a variety of research groups and companies, including the University of Pittsburgh Medical Center and DARPA-backed Synchron, have been working on similar devices. There are two basic approaches: You can do it invasively, creating an interface with an implant that directly touches the brain, or you can do it non-invasively, usually by electrodes placed near the skin. Neuralink, says Musk, is going to go the invasive route.
Elon Musk recently gave a presentation on Neuralink, his newest venture designed to create computer-brain interfaces. Founded in 2017, the company is experimenting with a minimally invasive brain implant that utilizes "threads" to reduce the amount of damage done to surrounding brain tissue compared to current implanted devices. Musk spoke on the unnecessary size of most current implants, saying that a smaller chip could be used in their place. Providing patients with a smaller, less obstructive brain implant is exactly what Neuralink is aiming to do with their product. In the presentation, Musk also said he sees Neuralink potentially bridging the gap between the human brain and artificial intelligence as well.