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health & medicine

With post-pandemic AI, we've now stepped into the Age of Acceleration


All the sessions from Transform 2021 are available on-demand now. As the IBM Watson experience shows, the path to AI success is fraught with challenges. Yet overall, it has been a very good year for AI and the companies developing it. So much so that Alphabet CEO Sundar Pichai, in a recent podcast recorded by BBC, says: "I view [AI] as a very profound enabling technology. If you think about fire or electricity or the internet, it is like that, but I think even more profound."

Five Reasons How AI Will Revolutionize Psychiatry and Fields of Psychology


Psychology has seen a drastic revolution in the present times. Some of the psychology modules have integrated modern technologies to improve precision and accuracy in identifying disorders. Thus, here are the five reasons how AI will revolutionize psychiatry and fields of psychology. Predictive models, behavioral statistics, and improved user experience are all the boosts given by applied sciences to assist psychiatry. There are already some applications of AI in psychiatry, and many doctors believe that data training models in various systems can reduce the responsibilities and work.

Jeanette Winterson: 'The male push is to discard the planet: all the boys are going off into space'

The Guardian

"It was uproar," she says, "We saw cars on fire." Her flat is in the East End district of Spitalfields in a Georgian house, which she bought 25 years ago, complete with a little shop that she ran for years as an organic grocer and tea room until the rates got too high, and she let it out to an upmarket chocolatier. It's as if a scene from Dickens's The Old Curiosity Shop has been dropped into a satire about prosperity Britain: the quaint old shopfront is still intact, while outside it a lifesize sculpture of a rowing boat full of people sits surreally in the middle of the street, and a little further along, a herd of large bronze elephants frolics. These public artworks only arrived a few weeks ago, Winterson explains, as part of a grand plan to pedestrianise the area, and make it more buzzy, just at the moment that the sort of well-heeled office workers who bought upmarket chocolates are abandoning it owing to the Covid pandemic. We're at a transitional moment in so many ways, she says – a perfect moment to launch a book that reassesses the past while staring the future in the face.

A Machine Learning Approach for Tracing Tumor Original Sites With Gene Expression Profiles – Digital Health and Patient Safety Platform


Some carcinomas show that one or more metastatic sites appear with unknown origins. The identification of primary or metastatic tumor tissues is crucial for physicians to develop precise treatment plans for patients. With unknown primary origin sites, it is challenging to design specific plans for patients. Usually, those patients receive broad-spectrum chemotherapy, while still having poor prognosis though. Machine learning has been widely used and already achieved significant advantages in clinical practices.

Future Says... Ethical AI


"AI is an instrument just like anything else. You can do harm and you can do wonderful things. ESG is the embodiment of all the good things you can do with AI. Squeeze all the juice out of AI but at the same time we need to understand the consequences so we can do things responsibly!" The wise words from Aiko Yamashita, Senior Data Scientist at the Advanced Analytics Centre of Excellence in DNB Bank, during our conversation on Altair's'Future Says'.

DEELIG: A Deep Learning Approach to Predict Protein-Ligand Binding Affinity - Docwire News


Protein-ligand binding prediction has extensive biological significance. Binding affinity helps in understanding the degree of protein-ligand interactions and is a useful measure in drug design. Protein-ligand docking using virtual screening and molecular dynamic simulations are required to predict the binding affinity of a ligand to its cognate receptor. Performing such analyses to cover the entire chemical space of small molecules requires intense computational power. Recent developments using deep learning have enabled us to make sense of massive amounts of complex data sets where the ability of the model to "learn" intrinsic patterns in a complex plane of data is the strength of the approach.

Real-time Interpretation: The next frontier in radiology AI - MedCity News


In the nine years since AlexNet spawned the age of deep learning, artificial intelligence (AI) has made significant technological progress in medical imaging, with more than 80 deep-learning algorithms approved by the U.S. FDA since 2012 for clinical applications in image detection and measurement. A 2020 survey found that more than 82% of imaging providers believe AI will improve diagnostic imaging over the next 10 years and the market for AI in medical imaging is expected to grow 10-fold in the same period. Despite this optimistic outlook, AI still falls short of widespread clinical adoption in radiology. A 2020 survey by the American College of Radiology (ACR) revealed that only about a third of radiologists use AI, mostly to enhance image detection and interpretation; of the two thirds who did not use AI, the majority said they saw no benefit to it. In fact, most radiologists would say that AI has not transformed image reading or improved their practices.

AI strawberries and blockchain chicken: how digital agriculture could rescue global food security


In May 2020, with technical support from the UN FAO, China Agricultural University and Chinese e-commerce platform Pinduoduo hosted a "smart agriculture competition". Three teams of top strawberry growers – the Traditional teams – and four teams of scientific AI experts – the Technology teams – took part in a strawberry-growing competition in the province of Yunnan, China, billed as an agricultural version of the historical match between a human Go player and Google's DeepMind AI. At the beginning, the Traditional teams were expected to draw best practices from their collective planting and agricultural experience. And they did – for a while. They led in efficient production for a few months before the Technology teams gradually caught up, employing internet-enabled devices (such as intelligent sensors), data analysis and fully digital greenhouse automation.

Researchers use AI to predict risk of developing type 2 diabetes


Artificial intelligence could be used to predict who is at risk of developing type 2 diabetes – information that could be used to improve the lives of millions of Canadians. Researchers at the University of Toronto used a machine learning model to analyze health data, collected between 2006 to 2016, of 2.1 million people living in Ontario. They found that they were able to use the model to accurately predict the number of people who would develop type 2 diabetes within a five-year time period. The machine learning model was also able to analyze different factors that would influence whether people were high or low risk to develop the disease. The results of the study were recently published in the journal JAMA Network Open.

The Hitchhiker's Guide to Responsible Machine Learning


Yesterday Olga Tokarczuk (2018 Nobel Prize in Literature) said in an interview that when she thinks about literature, she no longer thinks about books!!! So, how should we effectively tell the most important story in predictive modelling i.e. We (MI2DataLab) are currently working on an exciting and interdisciplinary experiment combining a classic textbook with a comic book, combining a description of methods and software with a description of process, combining a description of a specific use-case about COVID-19 data analysis with universal best practices. These 52 page long teaching materials describe how to build a predictive model, compare the developed models, and use XAI to analyze them, plus a bonus -- how to deploy model with explanations in a similar form to The material is prepared as a starter for predictive modelling. The included code examples can be executed and experimented with on your own (the first version has examples in R, but there will be albo translation for Python).