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Infections and Infectious Diseases


NASA seeks participants for eight-month isolation study

Daily Mail - Science & tech

NASA is on the hunt for volunteers for a'social isolation' mission that simulates the psychological effects of confinement. In a nod to the current virus pandemic, the space agency is after healthy participants to live together in isolation for eight months in Moscow, Russia. The ground based'SIRIUS-20' mission will help NASA learn more about'the physiological and psychological effects of isolation and confinement on humans'. The chosen participants – who have to be'US citizens, between the ages of 30 to 55 and'highly motivated' – will experience'environmental aspects' similar to those astronauts will experience on future missions to the Moon and Mars. SIRIUS is an international mission conducted in the NEK, a ground-based analog facility in Moscow.


KT deploys 5G autonomous carts at warehouses

ZDNet

One of the carts, called, Targo, will trail behind staff. South Korean telco KT has deployed autonomous carts with 5G connectivity at its smartphone warehouses to alleviate the workload of staff, the company announced. The carts were co-developed by South Korean autonomous robot developer Twinny. One version of the cart, dubbed NarGo, will have a cart that has multiple carts trailing behind it, like a freight train. It is designed to carry large quantities of cargo, with each cart being able to carry 100 kilograms of goods.


The Morning After: Texas Instruments makes it harder to cheat on its calculators

Engadget

Graphing calculators have clung on to school lives despite us all carrying around smartphones that are several magnitudes more powerful. In a bid to reduce cheating in exam settings, Texas Instruments is pulling support for assembly- and C-based programs. If you install the latest firmware update, those kinds of programs won't work, and you won't be able to roll-back the device. While this could please teachers worried that students will use apps on their calculator to cheat during exams, enthusiasts are, unsurprisingly, mad. It reduces the control programmers have over their calculator apps.


Rwanda has enlisted anti-epidemic robots in its fight against coronavirus – IAM Network

#artificialintelligence

With 314 confirmed cases of the virus as of May 22, the East African country has enlisted the help of five anti-epidemic robots to battle the virus. The robots were donated by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) to the Kanyinya treatment center that treats Covid-19 patients in the capital city, Kigali. The robots -- named Akazuba, Ikirezi, Mwiza, Ngabo, and Urumuri -- were received by the country's Minister of Health and Minister of ICT and Innovation last week. They will be used for mass temperature screening, monitoring patient status, and keeping medical records of Covid-19 patients, according to Rwanda's Ministry of ICT and Innovation. Keeping healthworkers safeThe robots perform a number of tasks relating to managing coronavirus.


Here's how to check in on your AI system, as COVID-19 plays havoc

#artificialintelligence

The machine learning approach works well when these new cases are similar to the examples in the training data. The ability of machine learning algorithms to identify subtle patterns in the training data can allow it to make a faster and possibly better predictions than a human. However, if the new cases are radically different from the training data, and especially if we are playing by a whole new rulebook, then the patterns in the training data will no longer be a useful basis for prediction. Some algorithms are designed to continuously add new training data and therefore update the algorithm, but with large changes this gradual updating will not be sufficient. To learn completely new rules, machine learning algorithms need large amounts of new data.


Microsoft's new supercomputer will train AI to outperform humans

#artificialintelligence

Microsoft has teamed up with a startup co-founded by Elon Musk to build one of the fastest supercomputers in the world, the company announced Tuesday during its annual Build developers conference -- held virtually this year because of the coronavirus pandemic. The startup is OpenAI, the charter of which underscores that it's working to ensure that AI which can outperform humans nevertheless benefits all of humanity. Microsoft stressed that this work represents a key milestone in a partnership announced last year to jointly create new supercomputing technologies in Azure. This is a first step, the computing giant explained, toward debuting large AI models "and the infrastructure needed to train them" as a platform that developers and other organizations can build on. "The exciting thing about these models is the breadth of things they're going to enable," said Microsoft Chief Technical Officer Kevin Scott in a company blog post about the news.


The Role Artificial Intelligence is Playing in the Fight Against COVID-19

#artificialintelligence

As the economy begins the slow process of re-opening, advanced technologies such as artificial intelligence, machine learning, and natural language processing are playing a key role not only in monitoring COVID-19 outbreaks, but how companies manage the unchartered landscape before them. Use of AI during the earliest days of the pandemic centered on tracking the spread of the disease around the world. Today, AI is playing a critical role in how pharmaceutical and biotech companies research and test treatments, and in the development of a vaccine. And now, as states begin to reopen, and businesses try to find the best path forward, these advanced technologies are enabling them to figure out how to do this safely and effectively. "Companies don't have historical data to work from because they've never dealt with a crisis like this before," said Katie Stein, chief strategy officer for Genpact, a global professional services firm that specializes in digital transformation.


BlackBerry, CGI, and Kinaxis Among High Potential Canadian AI Stocks Amid Coronavirus Pandemic

#artificialintelligence

Artificial intelligence (AI) is one of the fast-growing industries in the world today, and there are several Canadian AI stocks already making a name for themselves in the sector. The industry has attracted attention from all sectors, and most companies are investing significantly in AI owing to the promise of bug returns going forward. Almost every company is now adopting AI, with over 80% of enterprises believing that AI will help them in sustaining or obtaining a competitive advantage. AI is becoming the tech everybody wants to adopt to help them grow profits and compete. Some Canadian AI stocks have already shown potential and taken the lead.


Robot barista helps South Korean cafe with social distancing

#artificialintelligence

The new robot barista at the cafe in Daejeon, South Korea, is courteous and swift as it seamlessly makes its way toward customers. "Here is your Rooibos almond tea latte, please enjoy. It's even better if you stir it," it says, as a customer reaches for her drink on a tray installed within the large, gleaming white capsule-shaped computer. After managing to contain an outbreak of the new coronavirus that infected more than 11,000 people and killed 267, South Korea is slowly transitioning from intensive social distancing rules toward what the government calls "distancing in daily life." Robots could help people observe social distancing in public, said Lee Dong-bae, director of research at Vision Semicon, a smart factory solution provider that developed the barista robot together with a state-run science institute.


How Baidu is bringing AI to the fight against coronavirus

#artificialintelligence

In comparison to the last major outbreak of the SARS virus in 2003, those fighting this particular epidemic can leverage new and emerging technologies that quickly aid public health bodies in creating a valuable understanding of the coronavirus, guiding prevention efforts, augmenting human aid and support efforts, and facilitating virus research. In recent years, AI has begun to play a significant role in the health-care sector: Advanced computing and data-analysis tools enable information sharing and diagnostic practices, and deepen the medical profession's understanding of diseases and infections. Prompted by the urgent need to contain Covid-19, government agencies and private companies around the world are increasingly looking toward AI-based techniques to provide insight on its spread and support treatment for those who have been infected. Because of Covid-19's unpredictable but highly-contagious nature, academic and medical communities have prioritized analyzing the structure of the virus in order to create an effective vaccine. However, this virus is particularly challenging because it belongs to a family of enveloped coronaviruses that contain single-strand RNA structures.