If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
For most of us, 2020 has ushered in unwelcome chaos and uncertainty. Who would have guessed in early March that within days, personal decisions that were once mundane – like where, when and how to get groceries – would spur paralyzing anxiety. What was missing – and still is – is information and, in particular, data that's helpful. Should I send my kid to school? Is it safe to attend that outdoor wedding?
For some organizations, AI tools may have been perceived as "nice-to-have" technologies prior to 2020. In a 2019 IBM/Morning Consult survey of businesses, 22% of respondents worldwide reported they are not currently using or exploring the use of AI. But in a future characterized by uncertainty, only organizations that embrace the most advanced AI tools will be able to weather future storms. The COVID-19 pandemic remains an immediate threat, but all kinds of organizations are looking ahead to build resilient systems that can better withstand future pandemics, as well as natural disasters, cyberthreats, and other destabilizing scenarios. The current crisis is an opportunity to examine the performance of the technological systems that we use to manage the various aspects of human existence.
We have an opportunity to lead revolutionary change -- to disrupt business models, solve global and economic challenges and fundamentally transform human experiences. It enables us to extend not only ourselves and our abilities, but also our connection with the world. Consider the current global Covid-19 pandemic and the way the world shifted online in an instant. Despite the closure of physical borders, we have become more open. Technology has created a boundaryless global community, allowing us to instantly connect and communicate, irrespective of geography.
The Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industry 4.0) has become a framework related challenge for scientific researchers. Industry 4.0 is principally portrayed by evolution and convergence of nano-, bio-, information and cognitive technologies to upgrade great transformations in economic, social, cultural and humanitarian spheres. Experts managing advancement and introduction of the sixth technological paradigm technologies decide by and large whether our nation can ride the influx of Industry 4.0 developments. For as long as 25 years, the creators have been building up the concept of systematic computer simulation training at schools and educators' training colleges. The idea thoughts have been summed up and introduced in the course reading.
Have you ever dreamed of owning a personal robot? Boston Dynamic's doglike Spot would be a great choice were it not for the hefty US$74,500 price tag. But don't worry -- a couple of Intel Labs researchers have proposed a novel method for building a robot called "OpenBot" on just a US$50 budget. Complete design and implementation information has been open-sourced, all you need to supply is the brain and sensory system -- your smartphone. Inspired by projects such as Google Cardboard that plug standard smartphones into cheap physical enclosures, the researchers developed and validated a design for a mobile robot that leverages a smartphone for sensory and computational abilities, communication channels and access to a software ecosystem. The robot is capable of mobile navigation with real-time onboard sensing and computation, and can perform tasks such as person-following and real-time autonomous navigation in unstructured environments.
Transforming a business into one controlled by Artificial Intelligence (AI) requires everybody's interest and commitment. Despite the fact that transformation requires significant investment, various strategies can start democratizing AI immediately. It has often been said that crises uncover real character, both in people and in companies. Crises force companies to reevaluate how they work and are often the source of enduring change and development. The Covid-19 pandemic is a humanitarian crisis more huge than any recently experienced.
Researchers from several American universities are collaborating to develop artificial intelligence based software to help people on the autism spectrum find and hold meaningful employment. The project is a collaboration between experts at Vanderbilt, Yale, Cornell and the Georgia Institute of Technology. It consists of developing multiple pieces of technology, each one aimed at a different aspect of supporting people with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in the workplace, according to Nilanjan Sarkar, professor of engineering at Vanderbilt University and the leader of the project. "We realized together that there are some support systems for children with autism in this society, but as soon as they become 18 years old and more, there is a support cliff and the social services are not as much," Sarkar said. The project began a year ago with preliminary funding from the National Science Foundation. The NSF initially invested in around 40 projects, but only four -- including this one -- were chosen to be funded for a longer term of two years.
The Vatican's Pontifical Academy for Life, which began the year by urging the ethical development and application of artificial intelligence (AI), has announced an effort to use technology to fight world hunger, which has worsened during the pandemic. The Vatican institution, in collaboration with IBM, Microsoft and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization, or FAO, is encouraging governments, nonprofits and corporations to assure that technology is used to feed everyone, and to make farmers' lives more efficient and productive. In its quest to assure the transparent, responsible and inclusive use of AI, the Vatican and FAO are pushing for solutions in agriculture that will benefit not just the well off, but also the poor. "We need to face the biggest challenges on the planet," said John E. Kelly III, executive vice president of IBM. Kelly, who participated in the FAO and Pontifical Academy's Sept. 24 virtual conference announcing the effort against hunger, was one of the signers of the Vatican's call for AI ethics in February. The Vatican's effort to promote ethical AI for social good includes a new program to use digital technology to ensure a more sustainable and efficient global food supply.
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the study of "intelligent agents" which can be define as any device that perceives its environment and takes appropriate action that makes the highest probability of achieving its goals. Additionally, it can also be define as a system's ability to interpret external data, learn from gathered data and use those learnings to realize specific goals through adaptation. It is also called as machine intelligence and attributed to the nature of intelligence demonstrated by machines. Some of the features of artificial intelligence are; successfully understanding human language, contending at the highest level in strategic games systems such as chess and go, autonomously operating cars, intelligent routing in content delivery networks and military simulations and others. To solve the problem of learning and perceiving the immediate environment, many approaches have been taken such as statistical methods, computational intelligence, versions of search and mathematical optimization, artificial neural networks, and methods based on statistic, probability and economics.
Background: Malaria is still a major global health burden, with more than 3.2 billion people in 91 countries remaining at risk of the disease. Accurately distinguishing malaria from other diseases, especially uncomplicated malaria (UM) from non-malarial infections (nMI) remains a challenge. Furthermore, the success of rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) is threatened by Pfhrp2/3 deletions and decreased sensitivity at low parasitemia. Analysis of haematological indices can be used to support identification of possible malaria cases for further diagnosis, especially in travelers returning from endemic areas. As a new application for precision medicine, we aimed to evaluate machine learning (ML) approaches that can accurately classify nMI, UM and severe malaria (SM) using haematological parameters.