If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
They say beauty lies in the eye of the beholder, but in actuality, it goes far deeper than that. The concept of physical beauty resides in the mind, defined by whatever features we find attractive in other people's faces. These subtle preferences represent some of our most private inner thoughts – but that doesn't mean they can't be monitored, and perhaps even predicted. In a new study, researchers used electroencephalography (EEG) measurements to identify what kind of facial features people found to be attractive, and then fed the results to an artificial intelligence (AI) program. The machine learning system – termed a generative adversarial neural network (GAN) – was first able to familiarise itself with what sorts of faces individual people found desirable, and then fabricate entirely new ones specifically designed to please: tailored visions of synthesised beauty, as unattainable as they were perfect.
The work as we know it today is not how it was a decade ago. We have computer systems and software making our jobs less labor-focused. Work after a decade from now won't be the same either. Innovative technologies like artificial intelligence, machine learning, and robotics along with the disruption that came along with COVID-19 are reshaping the future of work. The coronavirus pandemic changed the physical distribution of the workforce by making employees work remotely.
Say you're a job-seeker who's got a pretty good idea of what employers want to hear. Like many companies these days, your potential new workplace will give you a personality test as part of the hiring process. You plan to give answers that show you're enthusiastic, a hard worker and a real people person. Then they put you on camera while you take the test verbally, and you frown slightly during one of your answers, and their facial-analysis program decides you're "difficult." This is just one of many problems with the increasing use of artificial intelligence in hiring, contends the new documentary "Persona: The Dark Truth Behind Personality Tests," premiering Thursday on HBO Max. The film, from director Tim Travers Hawkins, begins with the origins of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator personality test.
ATAC-seq is a widely-applied assay used to measure genome-wide chromatin accessibility; however, its ability to detect active regulatory regions can depend on the depth of sequencing coverage and the signal-to-noise ratio. Here we introduce AtacWorks, a deep learning toolkit to denoise sequencing coverage and identify regulatory peaks at base-pair resolution from low cell count, low-coverage, or low-quality ATAC-seq data. Models trained by AtacWorks can detect peaks from cell types not seen in the training data, and are generalizable across diverse sample preparations and experimental platforms. We demonstrate that AtacWorks enhances the sensitivity of single-cell experiments by producing results on par with those of conventional methods using ~10 times as many cells, and further show that this framework can be adapted to enable cross-modality inference of protein-DNA interactions. Finally, we establish that AtacWorks can enable new biological discoveries by identifying active regulatory regions associated with lineage priming in rare subpopulations of hematopoietic stem cells. ATAC-seq measures chromatin accessibility as a proxy for the activity of DNA regulatory regions across the genome. Here the authors present AtacWorks, a deep learning tool to denoise and identify accessible chromatin regions from low cell count, low-coverage, or low-quality ATAC-seq data.
A new robotic puppy developed to help older people, particularly those living with dementia, has been launched in the UK. Ageless Innovation, a US company with ambitions to work with the NHS, makes robotic pets which can be safer and more predictable alternatives to living animals designed to comfort adults who are lonely or who have dementia. The freckled pup robot is capable of responding to human voices, being touched and hugged with realistic dog-like sounds and has a simulated heartbeat to make it appear more life-like. The battery-powered puppy resembles a liver and white cocker spaniel thanks to its soft, tufty fur, and is small and light enough to easily rest on a lap. It will go on sale in the UK for £129 from 15 March, having previously been launched in the US last October.
Artificial Intelligence is one of the key technologies of the 21st century, with deep implications for everything from business to politics and people's everyday lives. With great power comes great responsibility, and thus reflections on the ethics of Artificial Intelligence are just as important as the development of actual technology and implementations. This Deep Dive gives you an overview on the state of AI Ethics. Dr. Anna Jobin is a Senior Researcher at the Alexander von Humboldt Institute for Internet and Society in Berlin. She has a multidisciplinary background in sociology, economics, and information management.
Deepfakes, or AI-generated videos that take a person in an existing video and replace them with someone else's likeness, are multiplying at an accelerating rate. According to startup Deeptrace, the number of deepfakes on the web increased 330% from October 2019 to June 2020, reaching over 50,000 at their peak. That's troubling not only because these fakes might be used to sway opinion during an election or implicate a person in a crime, but because they've already been abused to generate pornographic material of actors and defraud a major energy producer. Open source tools make it possible for anyone with images of a victim to create a convincing deepfake, and a new study suggests that deepfake-generating techniques have reached the point where they can reliably fool commercial facial recognition services. In a paper published on the preprint server Arxiv.org,
One such project is the Artemis lunar exploration program. Later this year, the first flight in a longer series is set to depart for the Moon with no crew on board to test performance, life support, and communication capabilities. Then, in 2023, astronauts will head for the Earth satellite, without landing there, followed in 2024 by the Artemis III mission that will actually put human boots on the ground after decades of absence. Crucial to the success of the missions is the Orion capsule. Cooked up in the Lockheed Martin laboratories, Orion is the actual spaceship that will ensure astronauts arrive at their destination alive and well, and then back to Earth.
IceBot is a handmade, proof-of-concept ice robot created in the GRASP Lab at the University of Pennsylvania. While IceBot is currently looked at for Antarctic exploration, researchers hope it could one day be used in space exploration missions. The idea is to have a robot that can build and repair itself using the abundantly available resources. On a cold planet, the robot could potentially source ice locally and use heat, water, or a power drill to sculpt and repair itself.
In Octavia E. Butler's novel "Parable of the Sower" (1993), a climate-change Book of Exodus set in a scorched mid-twenty-twenties California, a preacher's daughter named Lauren Oya Olamina tries to convince a friend that their world has veered off course. Disaster surrounds their fortified suburb of Los Angeles: water shortages, a measles epidemic, fires set by drug-addicted pyromaniacs, and bandits who prey on the unhoused multitudes that roam the lawless highways. Outsiders throw severed limbs over the walls of their neighborhood, "gifts of envy and hate." Lauren knows it's time to get out: I'm talking about the day a big gang of those hungry, desperate, crazy people outside decide to come in. I'm talking about what we've got to do before that happens so that we can survive and rebuild--or at least survive and escape to be something other than beggars. . . .