If you are looking for an answer to the question What is Artificial Intelligence? and you only have a minute, then here's the definition the Association for the Advancement of Artificial Intelligence offers on its home page: "the scientific understanding of the mechanisms underlying thought and intelligent behavior and their embodiment in machines."
However, if you are fortunate enough to have more than a minute, then please get ready to embark upon an exciting journey exploring AI (but beware, it could last a lifetime) …
The 8 Ivy League schools are among the most prestigious colleges in the world. They include Brown, Harvard, Cornell, Princeton, Dartmouth, Yale, and Columbia universities, and the University of Pennsylvania. All eight schools place in the top fifteen of the U.S. News and World Report national university rankings. These Ivy League schools are also highly selective and extremely hard to get into. But the good news is that all these universities now offer free online courses across multiple online course platforms.
In recent years, researchers have been developing machine learning algorithms for an increasingly wide range of purposes. This includes algorithms that can be applied in healthcare settings, for instance helping clinicians to diagnose specific diseases or neuropsychiatric disorders or monitor the health of patients over time. Researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and Massachusetts General Hospital have recently carried out a study investigating the possibility of using deep reinforcement learning to control the levels of unconsciousness of patients who require anesthesia for a medical procedure. Their paper, set to be published in the proceedings of the 2020 International Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, was voted the best paper presented at the conference. "Our lab has made significant progress in understanding how anesthetic medications affect neural activity and now has a multidisciplinary team studying how to accurately determine anesthetic doses from neural recordings," Gabriel Schamberg, one of the researchers who carried out the study, told TechXplore.
A new machine learning approach added to conventional magnetic resonance imaging can identify the regions of the brain causing dissociative symptoms in people with post-traumatic stress disorder, researchers found in a study published Friday by the American Journal of Psychiatry. Although MRI has long been used to document changes in the brain that occur as a result of a number of neurological conditions, bolstering the approach with machine learning enabled researchers to uncover and measure changes in functional connections between different regions of the brain in women with PTSD. These altered connections correlated with their dissociative symptoms, including memory loss or amnesia, the researchers said. "This new work may help us to establish a new standard of care for traumatized patients with PTSD who struggle with significant symptoms of dissociation," study co-author Dr. Milissa Kaufman, director of the Dissociative Disorders and Trauma Research Program at McLean Hospital, said in a statement. PTSD is a mental health disorder that occurs following trauma -- violent personal assaults, natural or human-caused disasters, accidents and military combat, for example -- according to the National Institute of Mental Health.
Fitness routines have changed a lot during the pandemic. More people are opting to take their workout outside or choosing an indoor setting with minimal people. Owner of The Exercise Coach in Brookfield Kristine Staral says their business model relies on smart technology that allows individuals to get the optimum workout in the shortest amount of time. "Our focus is on muscle quality over movement quantity- so it's a safe, effective, and efficient workout and by that I mean our clients only need to commit to 2- 20 minute workouts a week. We do use smart technology along with certified coaches," said Staral.
Easter, Passover, Holi, and Ramadan were just a few of the religious milestones that used virtual tools during the pandemic to replace traditional observation. The intersection of technology and spirituality is coming much faster than many expected. In the 1983 Star Wars film Return of the Jedi, artificially intelligent android C3P0 finds out what it's like to become the subject of worship. "They think I'm some sort of God," he said, as fuzzy creatures hover around him chanting in prayer. But the intersection of machines and religion is happening in real life.
The genetic algorithm (GA) is a biologically-inspired optimization algorithm. It has in recent years gained importance, as it's simple while also solving complex problems like travel route optimization, training machine learning algorithms, working with single and multi-objective problems, game playing, and more. Deep neural networks are inspired by the idea of how the biological brain works. It's a universal function approximator, which is capable of simulating any function, and is now used to solve the most complex problems in machine learning. What's more, they're able to work with all types of data (images, audio, video, and text).
A robot equipped with artificial intelligence (AI) can excel at the Olympic sport of curling -- and even beat top-level human teams. Success requires precision and strategy, but the game is less complex than other real-world applications of robotics. That makes curling a useful test case for AI technologies, which often perform well in simulations but falter in real-world scenarios with changing conditions. Using a method called adaptive deep reinforcement learning, Seong-Whan Lee and his colleagues at Korea University in Seoul created an algorithm that learns through trial and error to adjust a robot's throws to account for changing conditions, such as the ice surface and the positions of stones. The team's robot, nicknamed Curly, needed a few test throws to calibrate itself to the curling rink where it was to compete.
It is a well-established fact that graphics have a higher recall value as compared to any other medium, and a person watching a video is more likely to retain its contents as compared to someone reading the same content in the text. In recent years the preference has shifted from image to video. This has led brands to make the most of the video and use it as a marketing tool to promote the products and services that they have to offer. Considering that a good fraction of the overall population now has access to smartphones with an internet connection, the popularity of video marketing has seen rapid growth in recent years. With marketing professionals across the world, recognizing the potential of video, there has been a constant pursuit to improve video marketing.
Offered through a collaboration with Microsoft, this microcredential will teach you the fundamentals of AI and provide you with the skills to design and build an AI solution using Microsoft Azure. We will prepare you for the Microsoft Azure Fundamentals (AZ-900) and Microsoft Azure AI Engineer Associate (AI-100) certification; the cost of this microcredential includes vouchers for those exams. Artificial intelligence is one of the key drivers of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. Accordingly, artificial intelligence skills are frequently listed among the most in-demand workplace skills in the current and future job market, as organisations seek to harness AI to revolutionise their operations. While in-demand tech skills are changing, employers are faced with a shortfall of qualified candidates.
Tackling carbon emissions is one of the biggest challenges faced by the world today. For big business, this means making a strategic and managed move towards increasing the use of renewable energy sources, as well as creating efficiencies across all aspects of their operations. It's a difficult task to manage alone, even for an enterprise on the scale of tech giant Microsoft or energy titan Shell. But working together creates new possibilities that go further than what it is likely they could accomplish individually. Beyond meeting their own zero-carbon commitments, there's the opportunity to help other companies within their vast ecosystems of customers and suppliers to meet their environmental and safety goals, too.