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Artificial Intelligence in the Pharmaceutical Industry - An Overview of Innovations

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Ayn serves as AI Analyst at Emerj - covering artificial intelligence use-cases and trends across industries. She previously held various roles at Accenture. Several factors have contributed to the advancement of AI in the pharmaceutical industry. These factors include the increase in the size of and the greater variety of types of biomedical datasets, as a result of the increased usage of electronic health records. This article intends to provide business leaders in the pharmacy space with an idea of what they can currently expect from Ai in their industry.


Human brain has a 'limit' on how much information it can process

Daily Mail - Science & tech

The human brain has a limit on how much information it can process at once due to a finite energy supply, a new study reveals. UK neuroscientists say that energy supply to the brain remains constant and can't exceed an upper limit, however challenging a task is. But as the brain uses more energy in processing the task at hand, less energy is supplied to processing outside our immediate focus, they say. This results in what's known as'inattentional blindness' – when stimuli that's available in plain sight doesn't register, even if it's valuable to us. This can help explain why we are sometimes unable to concentrate on what our family members are telling us while we're playing video games or watching TV.


Muru Music looks to launch AI music therapy platform

ZDNet

At first glance, Muru Music Health comes across as another digital music streaming platform. But according to founder Nicc Johnson, the digital platform has been designed specifically to tailor the listening experience to a person's music tastes. "What streaming services today do really well is they look at the aggregate of user data -- of millions of users -- and they find patterns to be able to recommend music to you. Collaborative filtering in a nutshell," he said. "The difference here is we are looking at the individual, and we're looking specifically for music to help them relax, exercise, or trigger positive memories. That means we can't really rely on music listening of another user because it doesn't have the same affects."


Neuralink; Elon Musk's newest venture enters the world of AI -- AI Daily - Artificial Intelligence News

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Neuralink, which was founded in 2016, is Musk's neural technology company that's developing an implant designed to interface directly with the human brain. The initial goal of the implant, says Musk, is to use it as a way to treat brain injury and trauma. "There's still plenty of labour to try and do," Musk said when speaking with Joe Rogan in his show The Joe Rogan Experience. "So after I say, you know, we've probably got a trial at putting it into a person, you know, within a year. I think that's exactly what I mean, I believe we've got an opportunity of putting input in one end, having them be healthy, and restoring some functionality that they've lost."


The human cerebellum has almost 80% of the surface area of the neocortex

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The cerebellum has long been recognized as a partner of the cerebral cortex, and both have expanded greatly in human evolution. The thin cerebellar cortex is even more tightly folded than the cerebral cortex. By scanning a human cerebellum specimen at ultra-high magnetic fields, we were able to computationally reconstruct its surface down to the level of the smallest folds, revealing that the cerebellar cortex has almost 80% of the surface area of the cerebral cortex. By performing the same procedure on a monkey brain, we found that the surface area of the human cerebellum has expanded even more than that of the human cerebral cortex, suggesting a role in characteristically human behaviors, such as toolmaking and language. The surface of the human cerebellar cortex is much more tightly folded than the cerebral cortex. It was computationally reconstructed for the first time to the level of all individual folia from multicontrast high-resolution postmortem MRI scans. Its total shrinkage-corrected surface area (1,590 cm2) was larger than expected or previously reported, equal to 78% of the total surface area of the human neocortex. The unfolded and flattened surface comprised a narrow strip 10 cm wide but almost 1 m long. By applying the same methods to the neocortex and cerebellum of the macaque monkey, we found that its cerebellum was relatively much smaller, approximately 33% of the total surface area of its neocortex. This suggests a prominent role for the cerebellum in the evolution of distinctively human behaviors and cognition. Datasets including (i) original high-resolution isotropic 3D MRI data of the human cerebellum with two different contrasts; (ii) computationally combined, normalized, filtered, and edited versions of that 3D data; and (iii) FreeSurfer-compatible subject surfaces and vertexwise measurements reconstructed from the data can be downloaded from . Software for performing the analyses presented in this paper is available at or [http://www.cogsci.ucsd.edu/∼sereno/.tmp/dist/csurf][1]. We also used some of the utilities from the standard FreeSurfer 5.3 distribution (available at [https://surfer.nmr.mgh.harvard.edu][2]/) and from the AFNI distribution (available at [https://afni.nimh.nih.gov][3]/). [1]: http://www.cogsci.ucsd.edu/%7Esereno/.tmp/dist/csurf [2]: https://surfer.nmr.mgh.harvard.edu/ [3]: https://afni.nimh.nih.gov/


The Neuroscience of Spatial Navigation and the Relationship to Artificial Intelligence

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Recent advances in artificial intelligence (AI) and neuroscience are impressive. In AI, this includes the development of computer programs that can beat a grandmaster at GO or outperform human radiologists at cancer detection. A great deal of these technological developments are directly related to progress in artificial neural networks—initially inspired by our knowledge about how the brain carries out computation. In parallel, neuroscience has also experienced significant advances in understanding the brain. For example, in the field of spatial navigation, knowledge about the mechanisms and brain regions involved in neural computations of cognitive maps—an internal representation of space—recently received the Nobel Prize in medicine. Much of the recent progress in neuroscience has partly been due to the development of technology used to record from very large populations of neurons in multiple regions of the brain with exquisite temporal and spatial resolution in behaving animals. With the advent of the vast quantities of data that these techniques allow us to collect there has been an increased interest in the intersection between AI and neuroscience, many of these intersections involve using AI as a novel tool to explore and analyze these large data sets. However, given the common initial motivation point—to understand the brain—these disciplines could be more strongly linked. Currently much of this potential synergy is not being realized. We propose that spatial navi...


Cure neurodegenerative diseases with artificial intelligence

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Neuroelectrics is a Spanish startup focused on the field of neuroscience that wants to treat neurodegenerative diseases through a helmet that …


Artificial Intelligence in Neuroradiology: Current Status and Future Directions

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FIG 1. Total number of publications from PubMed using search of “brain” AND [“artificial intelligence” OR “machine learning” OR “deep learning”] …


Elon Musk claims his mysterious brain chip will allow people to hear previously impossible sounds

The Independent - Tech

Elon Musk has revealed more details about his mysterious brain-computer interface startup, claiming it will allow people to hear sounds that were previously beyond their range. Neuralink's brain chip technology could also help restore movement to someone with a fully severed spinal cord, according to Musk. The SpaceX and Tesla boss founded Neuralink in 2016 but has only held one major public presentation about how its technology will actually work. The ultimate aim is to provide a direct connection between a brain and a computer, using a "sewing machine-like" device to stitch threads to an implanted brain chip. A research paper published last year in conjunction with the event explained how these threads would connect to a single USB-C cable to provide "full-bandwidth data streaming" to the brain.


AI ecosystem in India is evolving at a very rapid pace - Vikas Sood - The Tech Pod

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Clove Dental offers a comprehensive set of oral healthcare services, leverages best-in-class equipment, and utilizes the latest pain-management technology to provide affordable healthcare of the highest quality. To establish itself as the industry leader, Clove adheres to the highest standards in clinic safety and hygiene, customer service, and recruiting, with a constant focus on ethics and transparency. Vikas Sood is the Chief Information Officer at Clove Dental. In an interaction with The Tech Pod, Vikas speaks about the future of AI in healthcare. Tell us something about yourself and what does your company do?