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Machine learning methods provide new insights into organic-inorganic interfaces

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Oliver Hofmann and his research group at the Institute of Solid State Physics at TU Graz are working on the optimization of modern electronics. A key role in their research is played by interface properties of hybrid materials consisting of organic and inorganic components, which are used, for example, in OLED displays or organic solar cells. The team simulates these interface properties with machine-learning-based methods. The results are used in the development of new materials to improve the efficiency of electronic components. The researchers have now taken up the phenomenon of long-range charge transfer.


Artificial Intelligence in Business: The New Normal in Testing Times

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The COVID 19 situation, has rendered the industry into an unprecedented situation. Businesses across the globe are now resorting to plan out new strategies to keep the operations going, to meet clients' demands. Work-from-Home is the new normal for both the employees and the employers to function in a mitigated manner. Twitter on their tweet had suggested their employees, to function through "Work-from-Home", forever, if they want to. This new trend can be easily surmised as being effective for a while to manage operations, but cannot be ruled out as the necessary solution, for satisfying the customers and clients in the long run.


Automated Quantification of CT Patterns Associated with COVID-19 from Chest CT

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To present a method that automatically segments and quantifies abnormal CT patterns commonly present in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), namely ground glass opacities and consolidations. In this retrospective study, the proposed method takes as input a non-contrasted chest CT and segments the lesions, lungs, and lobes in three dimensions, based on a dataset of 9749 chest CT volumes. The method outputs two combined measures of the severity of lung and lobe involvement, quantifying both the extent of COVID-19 abnormalities and presence of high opacities, based on deep learning and deep reinforcement learning. The first measure of (PO, PHO) is global, while the second of (LSS, LHOS) is lobe-wise. Evaluation of the algorithm is reported on CTs of 200 participants (100 COVID-19 confirmed patients and 100 healthy controls) from institutions from Canada, Europe and the United States collected between 2002-Present (April 2020).


AI Chip Startup Syntiant Scales Production

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Syntiant Corp., the "neural decision processor" startup, announced completion of another funding round this week along with the shipment of more than 1 million low-power edge AI chips. The three-year-old startup based in Irvine, Calif., said Tuesday (Aug. The round was led by Microsoft's (NASDAQ: MSFT) venture arm M12 and Applied Ventures, the investment fund of Applied Materials (NASDAQ: AMAT). New investors included Atlantic Bridge Capital, Alpha Edison and Miramar Digital Ventures. Intel Capital was an early backer of Syntiant, part of a package of investments the chip maker announced in 2018 targeting AI processors that promise to accelerate the transition of machine learning from the cloud to edge devices.


Artificial intelligence-enhanced ECGs may speed heart failure diagnosis and treatment – BioNews Central

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When people seek emergency care for shortness of breath, a routine electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) enhanced by artificial intelligence (AI) is better than standard blood tests at determining if the cause is heart failure, according to new research published today in Circulation: Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology, an American Heart Association journal. "Determining why someone has shortness of breath is challenging for emergency department physicians, and this AI-enabled ECG provides a rapid and effective method to screen these patients for left ventricular systolic dysfunction," said Demilade Adedinsewo, M.D., M.P.H., lead author of the study and chief fellow in the division of cardiovascular medicine at Mayo Clinic in Jacksonville, Florida. The left ventricle supplies most of the heart's pumping power, so it is larger than the other chambers and essential for normal function. In left ventricular systolic dysfunction (LVSD), the left ventricle is weakened and must work harder to maintain adequate blood flow to the body. In a typical year, about 1.2 million people go to emergency departments because they are short of breath.


Cisco challenge winners use AI, IoT to tackle global problems

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An IoT-enabled system for transporting dairy products earned its designers the top prize in a competition run by Cisco. The Global Problem Solver Challenge, which is one of Cisco's corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives, pays cash awards to entrepreneurial companies using technology to solve the world's biggest challenges. The program also gives out four $25,000 awards and seven $10,000 prizes. This year, I was honored to be invited to help judge the 2020 winners. In full disclosure, I agreed to be a judge but I received no compensation, as I believe we all have to work together to make the world a better place.


Tamr Helps Air Force Wrangle Data

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Data prepper Tamr Inc. will assist the U.S. Air Force in boosting utilization of its air assets under a five-year contract designed to use machine learning techniques to accelerate the flight certification process for new aircraft configurations. Those configurations include equipping front-line aircraft with new weapons, sensors and defenses such as electronic warfare pods. Tamr said the contract with the Air Force's Seek Eagle Office could be worth as much $60 million. The office based at Eglin Air Force Base, Fla., is responsible for integration new technologies into front-line aircraft. The Air Force office will use Tamr's machine learning platform to organize more than 30 years of aircraft performance studies dispersed across the organization.


GSTS awarded contribution for Space-Based Artificial Intelligence

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HALIFAX, NS, Aug. 4, 2020 /CNW/ - Global Spatial Technology Solutions ("GSTS" or "the Company") an Artificial Intelligence (AI) and Maritime Analytics company today announced that it has been selected by the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) to develop space-based AI capability to support enhanced decision-making for a range of space applications focused on tasks using computer vision (such as would be used by exploration landers, rovers, robotics or Earth observation systems). This project is funded under the Space Technology Development Program. "This contribution will enable GSTS to expand our growing AI capabilities into the space sector to support decision making based on the same techniques we utilize in the maritime domain, enabling detection, recognition and prediction," said Richard Kolacz, GSTS CEO. "It is equivalent to placing the brain next to the eyes of any space asset or sensor in order to support decision-making locally, rather than having to relay all the data to Earth for analysis before a decision can be made. It is the first step in the development of truly autonomous space capability." Computer vision involves the automatic extraction, analysis and understanding of information gleaned from digital images. By applying machine learning, which is a type of AI, it can enhance and optimize the production of actionable insights much faster and more accurately than a human can.


Face masks successful at blocking facial recognition algorithms

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Researchers from the US National Institute of Standards and Technology found that face masks are causing facial recognition algorithms to fail as much as 50% of the time. In a report, the US National Institute of Standards and Technology found that face masks were thwarting even the most advanced facial recognition algorithms. Error rates varied from 5% to 50%, depending on an algorithm's capabilities. The results are troubling for the facial recognition industry which has been scrambling to develop algorithms that can identify people through their eyes and nose alone as people turn to face masks amid the coronavirus pandemic. The masks have caused trouble for facial recognition software prompting tech companies to adapt.


How to Apply Artificial Intelligence in Education? -- Observatory of Educational Innovation

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The dream of creating a machine that emulates human behavior has been an obsession throughout human history. Artificial Intelligence (AI) has been in our minds for many years, since Adam's creation: "God creates him from a moldable material, programs him, and gives him the first instructions (Sánchez-Martín et al. 2007)." Even in Greek mythology with Ovid's account of Pygmalion sculpting a figure of a beautiful woman who is given life for Pygmalion to love her. In Hebrew mythology, the Golem was created with clay and animated to save the inhabitants of a Jewish city. In Norse mythology, the giant Mökkurkálfi or Mistcalf was created from clay to support the troll Hrungnir in his fight against Thor.