Specialty Chemicals


Telcos collaborate to scale the benefits of AIOps - TM Forum Inform

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The AIOps Catalyst team's work has resulted in a new collaborative workstream focused around the topic within TM Forum. Artificial intelligence (AI) offers huge opportunities for communications service providers (CSPs) to do things better, faster and cheaper. In fact, they have no choice but to introduce AI into operations and business processes due to growing complexity and the sheer volume of data and transactions. However, as well as delivering huge benefits, the introduction of AI also creates new challenges relating to the management of services and processes. A TM Forum Catalyst team is taking a two-pronged approach, tackling both these areas simultaneously to ensure CSPs – and their customers – reap the rewards of AI.


A Universal Catalyst for First-Order Optimization

Neural Information Processing Systems

We introduce a generic scheme for accelerating first-order optimization methods in the sense of Nesterov, which builds upon a new analysis of the accelerated proximal point algorithm. Our approach consists of minimizing a convex objective by approximately solving a sequence of well-chosen auxiliary problems, leading to faster convergence. This strategy applies to a large class of algorithms, including gradient descent, block coordinate descent, SAG, SAGA, SDCA, SVRG, Finito/MISO, and their proximal variants. For all of these methods, we provide acceleration and explicit support for non-strongly convex objectives. In addition to theoretical speed-up, we also show that acceleration is useful in practice, especially for ill-conditioned problems where we measure significant improvements.


New Research Indicates AI May Be Catalyst to Making Healthcare More Human

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CHICAGO & LONDON--(BUSINESS WIRE)--Artificial Intelligence (AI) is widely expected to drive important benefits across the health system, from increasing efficiency to improving patient outcomes, but it also may be key to making healthcare more human. Benefits range from increasing the amount of time clinicians can spend with patients and on cross-care team collaboration to enhancing the ability to deliver preventative care. According to a new study of more than 900 healthcare professionals in the U.S. and U.K. conducted by MIT Technology Review Insights with GE Healthcare, nearly half of medical professionals surveyed said AI is already increasing their ability to spend time with and provide care to patients. Additionally, more than 78 percent of healthcare business leaders who reported they have deployed AI in their operations also reported that AI has helped drive workflow improvements, streamlining operational and administrative activities and delivering significant efficiencies toward transforming the future of healthcare. "Of any industry, AI could have the most profound benefits on human lives if we can effectively harness it across the healthcare system," said Kieran Murphy, President and CEO, GE Healthcare.


Mastering the 3 Ms

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Marketing today is on the threshold of change. In the past, marketing as we knew it was largely dominated by 30-second TV spots and other mass media such as print, outdoor, radio and so on. The number-crunching only came into play while deciding which medium to back in the advertising campaign and for what price to buy the media. But, look around today and there are the likes of Google, Facebook, Twitter and others who apply complex algorithms such as Page Rank, Adsense, marketing mix modelling, content marketing and so on along with technology (analytics, digital marketing, search engine optimisation (SEO) and search engine marketing (SEM) to make marketing a lot more data-driven. Similarly, in music the magic of maths plays a huge role.


Picasso's Got Nothing on AI Artists - Issue 79: Catalysts

Nautilus

I'm trying to explain to Arthur I. Miller why artworks generated by computers don't quite do it for me. The works aren't a portal into another person's mind, where you can wander in a warren of intention, emotion, and perception, feeling life being shaped into form. What's more, it often seems, people just ain't no good, so it's transcendent to be reminded they can be. Art is one of the few human creations that can do that. No matter how engaging the songs or poems that a computer generates may be, they ultimately feel empty.


How I Taught My Computer to Write Its Own Music - Issue 79: Catalysts

Nautilus

On a warm day in April 2013, I was sitting in a friend's kitchen in Paris, trying to engineer serendipity. I was trying to get my computer to write music on its own. I wanted to be able to turn it on and have it spit out not just any goofy little algorithmic tune but beautiful, compelling, mysterious music; something I'd be proud to have written myself. The kitchen window was open, and as I listened to the sounds of children playing in the courtyard below, I thought about how the melodies of their voices made serendipitous counterpoint with the songs of nearby birds and the intermittent drone of traffic on the rue d'Alésia. In response to these daydreams, I was making a few tweaks to my software--a chaotic, seat-of-the-pants affair that betrayed my intuitive, self-taught approach to programming--when I saw that Bill Seaman had just uploaded a new batch of audio files to our shared Dropbox folder. I had been collaborating with Bill, a media artist, on various aspects of computational creativity over the past few years.


Best Screenplay Goes to the Algorithms - Issue 79: Catalysts

Nautilus

Ross Goodwin has had an extraordinary career. After playing about with computers as a child, he studied economics, then became a speech writer for President Obama, writing presidential proclamations, then took a variety of freelance writing jobs. One of these involved churning out business letters--he calls it freelance ghostwriting. The letters were all pretty much the same, so he figured out an algorithm that would generate form letters, using a few samples as a database. The algorithm jumbled up paragraphs and lines following certain templates, then reassembled them to produce business letters, similar but each varying in style, saving him the job of starting anew each time.


Should we consider artificial intelligence as a catalyst for new jobs?

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Robots, we are told, are going to take over the world, taking away most jobs as we know them. And yes, it is true that automation will make some jobs disappear. AI is also now intelligent enough that we will probably see a greater range of jobs change than we have ever seen before. This is likely to include some professional jobs that have always been "safe" from automation in the past. We are already seeing the beginning of this with online financial advice, translators, drivers, etc.



TiE Boston Digital Health Catalyst

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AI in healthcare is having a tremendous impact for the benefit of patients, providers, and payers. The opportunities to deploy AI in health care are increasing exponentially as we become better at capturing and integrating vast amounts of data from multiple sources, making sense of this data in a clinically relevant way, and understand methodologies that explain its use. In some cases, AI will replicate human intelligence, in others it will it will augment what we can do to improve health and lower cost. Pros and cons of various approaches and use cases will be discussed in this exciting session. Recon Strategy is a boutique strategy consulting firm founded in 2010 by alumni of the Boston Consulting Group.