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Deduce Healing with New Scientific Breakthroughs in Diagnostics - Coruzant Technologies

#artificialintelligence

Diagnosis is crucial to providing efficacious healthcare. Let's have a look at the history. Hippocrates (400 BCE) was the first to systemize the process of diagnosis based on a person's symptoms and medical history. About 2500 years later in 1895 the X-ray was discovered by Konrad Roentgen. With this invention, we could now watch radiation pass through the body, leaving shadows of the solid objects.


Council Post: An Outsider's View Into Healthcare--What AI Can And Can't Do

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Eric is President of Suki and seasoned technology executive with expertise co-founding and scaling companies including Hotwire and Expedia. I recently wrote about the promise of AI and its potential to play an important role in transforming how physicians interact with technology. Even today, AI is making meaningful inroads in specialties ranging from radiology to cardiology. The potential for AI to help physicians work faster and with greater accuracy has industry analysts predicting explosive 10x growth in this decade alone, with estimates reaching $96 billion in 2028. That said, most physicians are only beginning to become familiar with AI and understand its use cases.


A neural network picks promising antibiotics from a library of chemicals

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Biochemists have had some success designing drugs to meet specific goals. But much of drug development remains a tedious grind, screening hundreds to thousands of chemicals for a "hit" that has the effect you're looking for. There have been several attempts to perform this grind in silico, using computers to analyze chemicals, but they had mixed results. Now, a US-Canadian team reports that it modified a neural network to deal with chemistry and used it to identify a potential new antibiotic. Two factors greatly influence the success of neural networks: the structure of the network itself and the training it undergoes.


Elon Musk Fathered Twins With Neuralink Executive In November 2021: Report

International Business Times

A court document petitioning to change the babies' last names to Musk revealed the births. Zilis is the director of operations and special projects at Musk's Neuralink startup. Prior to that, she served as a project director at Tesla. She gave birth to the twins just weeks prior to the arrival of Musk and Grimes' second child born via surrogate, Insider reported. International Business Times was not able to independently verify this report.


Life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia prediction in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy using explainable electrocardiogram-based deep neural networks

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The study population were patients with dilated cardiomyopathy, in which an explainable pre-trained deep neural network (FactorECG) was trained for the outcome of life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias. This network encoded the median beat ECG into 21 factors to generate an ECG using only these factors, allowing to evaluate most characteristics that make up an ECG automatically, in a relatively small dataset. LVAD, left ventricular assist device.


Genetic Basis for Joint Replacement Failure

#artificialintelligence

Scientists from ExplantLab have identified a genotype that is associated with joint replacement failure in some patients. Based on these findings, the scientists developed a machine-learning algorithm called Orthotype, which uses a patient's genotype and other factors to accurately predict the outcome of joint replacement surgery. More than five million joint replacements are performed globally each year. Although most patients are satisfied with the results of their surgery, a significant number of joint replacements fail early, following adverse immune responses. One of the most popular implant materials used in joint replacements is cobalt chrome (CoCr).


A Paralyzed Man Used His Mind to Control Two Robotic Arms to Eat Cake

#artificialintelligence

The man sat still in the chair, staring intently at a piece of cake on the table in front of him. Flanking him were two giant robotic arms, each larger than his entire upper body. One held a knife, the other a fork. Move right hand forward to start," ordered a robotic voice. The man concentrated on moving his partially-paralyzed right arm forward. His wrist barely twitched, but the robotic right hand smoothly sailed forward, positioning the tip of the fork near the cake. Another slight movement of his left hand sent the knife forward. Several commands later, the man happily opened his mouth and devoured the bite-sized treat, cut to personal preference with help from his robotic avatars. It had been roughly 30 years since he was able to feed himself. Most of us don't think twice about using our two arms simultaneously--eating with a knife and fork, opening a bottle, hugging a loved one, lounging on the couch operating a video game controller. Coordination comes naturally to our brains.


Computational Protein Design Scientist

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Generate Biomedicines is a new kind of therapeutics company – existing at the intersection of machine learning, biological engineering, and medicine – pioneering Generative Biology to create breakthrough medicines where novel therapeutics are computationally generated, instead of being discovered. Generate has built a machine learning-powered biomedicines platform with the potential to generate new drugs across a wide range of biologic modalities. This platform represents a potentially fundamental shift in what is possible in the field of biotherapeutic development. We pursue this audacious vision because we believe in the unique and revolutionary power of generative biology to radically transform the lives of billions, with an outsized opportunity for patients in need. We are seeking collaborative, relentless problem solvers that share our passion for impact to join us!


'Brain switch' stops us from running before the starting gun is fired, study finds

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Experts have discovered an'impulsivity switch' in the brain that lets mammals suppress the urge to'jump the gun' and only act when the time is right. In lab experiments on mice, researchers found a brain area that's responsible for driving action and another that's responsible for suppressing that drive. Manipulating neurons, also known as nerve cells, in these areas can override our ability to control the urge to jump the gun and therefore trigger impulsive behaviour. Keeping the'impulsivity switch' on is how athletes stop themselves from running before the starting gun has fired, how dogs obey a command to resist a treat, or how lions in the wild can wait for the perfect moment to pounce on its prey. Keeping our'impulsivity switch' on is how athletes stop themselves from running before the starting gun has fired (file photo) 'We discovered a brain area responsible for driving action and another for suppressing that drive,' said study author Joe Paton, director of the Champalimaud Neuroscience Programme in Lisbon, Portugal.


Swarm of shapeshifting microrobots can brush, rinse and floss your teeth

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Just as many people have replaced their manual toothbrush with an electric one, so too could robots usher in a new era of teeth cleaning. Scientists have created a swarm of shapeshifting microrobots that they claim can brush, rinse and floss your teeth all at the same time. In a proof-of-concept study, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania showed that the hands-free system could effectively automate the treatment and removal of tooth-decay-causing bacteria and dental plaque. The system could be particularly valuable for those who lack the manual dexterity to clean their teeth effectively themselves, the experts said. The building blocks of these microrobots are iron oxide nanoparticles which have both catalytic and magnetic activity.