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Daily Mail - Science & tech


Meta's new AI model can translate 200 different languages and enable 25 billion translations

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Meta's new AI model can translate 200 different languages - including many low-resource ones not supported by current translation systems - thanks to the work of what CEO Mark Zuckerberg calls'one of the world's fastest supercomputers.' The company dubs its effort No Language Left Behind (NLLB) and it hopes to enable more than 25 billion translations across Meta's apps each day. Although there are more than 7,100 known languages spoken worldwide today, many of them do not have enough data sets available in order to train AI. 'The AI modeling techniques we used are helping make high quality translations for languages spoken by billions of people around the world,' Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg said in a statement These so-called low resources languages include Egyptian Arabic, Balinese, Sardinian, Nigerian Fulfulde, Pangasinan and Umbundu - which are spoke by a sizeable population but not as much on the internet itself. 'The AI modeling techniques we used are helping make high quality translations for languages spoken by billions of people around the world,' Meta CEO Mark Zuckerberg said in a statement posted to Facebook. The new model can translate 55 African languages with'high-quality results,' the company states.


'Brain switch' stops us from running before the starting gun is fired, study finds

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Experts have discovered an'impulsivity switch' in the brain that lets mammals suppress the urge to'jump the gun' and only act when the time is right. In lab experiments on mice, researchers found a brain area that's responsible for driving action and another that's responsible for suppressing that drive. Manipulating neurons, also known as nerve cells, in these areas can override our ability to control the urge to jump the gun and therefore trigger impulsive behaviour. Keeping the'impulsivity switch' on is how athletes stop themselves from running before the starting gun has fired, how dogs obey a command to resist a treat, or how lions in the wild can wait for the perfect moment to pounce on its prey. Keeping our'impulsivity switch' on is how athletes stop themselves from running before the starting gun has fired (file photo) 'We discovered a brain area responsible for driving action and another for suppressing that drive,' said study author Joe Paton, director of the Champalimaud Neuroscience Programme in Lisbon, Portugal.


Heat maps show cities became 'urban heat islands' as temperatures in parts of Europe soared in June

Daily Mail - Science & tech

The smallest mention of a heatwave in the UK leads to ice creams selling out, barbecues heating up and shorts being dusted off as the nation celebrates. In June this year, air temperatures in parts of the country soared to over 90 F (33 C), while sharp increases were also felt across Europe, the US and Asia. Air temperatures were recorded in excess of 18 F (10 C) above the average for the time of year in many cities, according to the World Meteorological Organisation. But new heat maps released by the European Space Agency (ESA) show that this might not be such a cause for celebration. They reveal that heat dissipated more slowly in urban areas creating'heat islands' and make life more of a struggle. Experts are worried that this effect will only be exacerbated as climate change continues to take hold.


Swarm of shapeshifting microrobots can brush, rinse and floss your teeth

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Just as many people have replaced their manual toothbrush with an electric one, so too could robots usher in a new era of teeth cleaning. Scientists have created a swarm of shapeshifting microrobots that they claim can brush, rinse and floss your teeth all at the same time. In a proof-of-concept study, researchers from the University of Pennsylvania showed that the hands-free system could effectively automate the treatment and removal of tooth-decay-causing bacteria and dental plaque. The system could be particularly valuable for those who lack the manual dexterity to clean their teeth effectively themselves, the experts said. The building blocks of these microrobots are iron oxide nanoparticles which have both catalytic and magnetic activity.


'Hunt UFOs": Millionaire asks public what to do with his newly purchased Cold War era radar system

Daily Mail - Science & tech

While most millionaires spend their fortune on pricey cars and luxurious boats, William Sachiti used his fortune to purchase a Cold War era radar station in Norwich, England. Sachiti, who is a British entrepreneur, purchased a network of private roads along a 250,000 square mile to test his'spaceship, alien-looking' autonomous vehicles, but the radar system was an added bonus. 'UFOs obviously,' he jokingly told DailyMail.com in response to being asked what he plans on doing with the gigantic 25-foot-tall machine that once alerted the British army to oncoming nuclear missiles. 'I will find a way to bring this to life and let the people choose the best way to use it,' he said. 'If people want to hunt UFOS, I guess it is hunting UFOs.'


As CERN's Large Hadron Collider revs up for Run 3, will it unravel the mystery of dark matter?

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Scientists at CERN are slamming protons together at an unprecedented energy level in order to unlock our world's most enduring mysteries - including dark matter, which we know little about despite it accounting for 26.8 percent of all mass and energy. The Large Hadron Collider (LHC), which restarted for its third run after undergoing extensive upgrades, shattered energy records when it was turned back on today - enabling physicists to further study the Higgs Boson and what this particle's decay can reveal about the rest of the universe. By colliding proton beams together at 13.6 teraelectronvolts, the LHC broke a record; to give a sense of the power being unleashed at the particle collider located 300 feet underground, one tera electron volt is equivalent to 1,000,000,000,000 electron volts. CERN physicist Katharine Leney, pictured above, works at the ATLAS Experiment and is an assistant research professor at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas. 'We think [dark matter] has mass but we don't know anything about it,' CERN physicist Katharine Leney, who works on the ATLAS Experiment and is a research assistant professor at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, Texas, told Daily Mail in an interview.


Mice cloned from freeze-dried cells successfully breed, study shows

Daily Mail - Science & tech

Endangered animal species could be saved from extinction after a new study has shown that mice cloned from freeze-dried cells are able to successfully grow into adults and become parents. Researchers in Japan have used freeze-dried somatic cells – animal cells other than sperm and egg cells – to clone mice. Cloned males and females were able to mate with other normal mice and produce their own healthy offspring. The team's method could bring animal species back to life after they've gone extinct in the wild, as long as their cells have already been'banked'. Researchers in Japan have used freeze-dried somatic cells to clone mice.


China's AI system 'can check loyalty of party members'

Daily Mail - Science & tech

China has reportedly created an artificial intelligence (AI) system that can assess the loyalty of Communist Party members. According to Didi Tang, a reporter for the Times in Beijing, the system has been developed by researchers at Hefei Comprehensive National Science Centre. It can analyse facial expressions and brain waves of Communist Party members to determine how receptive they are to'thought education'. Tang says the technology was detailed in an article that was uploaded to the internet on July 1 and deleted shortly afterwards. The artificial intelligence (AI) system can check the loyalty of Communist Party members.


MPs call for UK ban on two Chinese CCTV cameras that can eavesdrop on conversation

Daily Mail - Science & tech

MPs have called for a ban on two Chinese CCTV systems that are used by councils, schools, and police forces across the UK. A group of 67 MPs and Lords including Lib Dem leader Sir Ed Davey and four ex-Conservative ministers is urging the government to ban the sale and use of Hikvision and Dahua cameras. The calls come amid concerns the CCTV cameras can recognise faces, eavesdrop on conversations, and judge people's moods. The Uyghurs, a predominantly Muslim ethnic group, are the majority population in Xinjiang. More than a million Uyghurs and other minorities are estimated to have been detained at camps in Xinjiang, where allegations of torture, forced labour and sexual abuse have emerged.


AI predicts crime a week in advance with 90 per cent accuracy - but may also perpetuate racist bias

Daily Mail - Science & tech

'Our model enables discovery of these connections. 'We demonstrate the importance of discovering city-specific patterns for the prediction of reported crime, which generates a fresh view on neighbourhoods in the city, allows us to ask novel questions, and lets us evaluate police action in new ways.' According to results published yesterday in Nature Human Behaviour, the model performed just as well in data from seven other US cities as it did Chicago.