Scientists at the Large Hadron Collider have announced the discovery of three new'exotic particles' that could help to explain how our universe was formed. The new structures exist for just a hundred thousandth of a billionth of a billionth of a second and are built out of quarks, the tiniest particles ever discovered. Atoms contain smaller particles called neutrons and protons, which are made up of three quarks each, while this'exotic' matter is made up of four and five quarks - known as tetraquarks and pentaquarks. The particles discovered are one new pentaquark and two tetraquarks, taking the total number found at the Large Hadron Collider in Switzerland to 21. Researchers are excited about their new findings because there are now enough of these particles to begin grouping them together in a way that is similar to the chemical elements in the periodic table.
Many Americans will mark the country's birthday today, but physicists and science nerds will also celebrate the tenth anniversary of the discovery of the Higgs Boson - also known as the'God Particle' - on July 4. You may not be familiar with physicist Peter Higgs, who first predicted the existence of the new particle in the 1960s and theorized that we are surrounded by an ocean of quantum information known as the Higgs Field, but his Nobel Prize-winning discovery makes everything else in our universe possible. The existence of the Higgs Boson is one reason why everything we see, including ourselves, all planets and stars, has mass and exists - hence why it was called the'God Particle.' The particle that Higgs and fellow physicists hypothesized in 1964 could only gain mass by interacting with a field that permeates the entire universe. Meaning that if the field did not exist, the particles would simply float freely and move at the speed of light.
Scientists at Europe's physics research centre CERN are preparing to unwrap the biggest trove of data yet from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), three years after they confirmed the existence of the elusive Higgs boson. 'In the life of accelerator physics there are few moments like the one we are living through,' said Tiziano Camporesi, leader of the CMS experiment at CERN. 'This is the time when the probability of finding something new is highest.' A visitor takes a photograph of an large back lit image of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at the Science Museum's'Collider' exhibition. The big reveal will be at the International Conference on High Energy Physics in Chicago next month when CMS and its neighbour at CERN, the Atlas experiment, will show what they have found. Billions of protons shoot around the 27-km (17-mile) underground ring before smashing into each other at an energy of 13 Tera electron Volts (TeV), or about 13 times the force of a flying mosquito.
A new particle accelerator four times bigger than the Large Hadron Collider is a step closer after CERN agreed to back the £19 billion (€21bn) project. The Future Circle Collider (FCC) will have a 62-mile (100km) circumference and be six times more powerful than the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The next-generation particle-smashing machine will allow scientists to study the Higgs boson in more detail, as well as provide new insight into dark matter. It has been given unanimous approval by the CERN council, and director Fabiola Gianotti said it was a'historic day' for particle physics around the world. The Future Circle Collider (FCC) was first proposed back in 2017 and will have a 62-mile (100km) circumference and be six times more powerful than the LHC.
Built inside a tunnel more than 17 miles (27km) long, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the world's largest particle accelerator. It is the place where groundbreaking research into the fundamental building blocks of matter is taking place. Unsurprisingly, it turns out it is also a fantastic place to shoot a 360-degree video. Using six GoPro cameras arranged in a cube, the BBC has managed to capture a 360 degree video inside the tunnels that house the Large Hadron Collider at Cern, Geneva, Switzerland. The BBC went inside the vast complex 328 feet (100 metres) beneath Geneva, Switzerland, with six GoPro cameras strapped together in a cube, and came out with a panoramic video.