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Recognition-based Segmentation of On-Line Hand-printed Words

Neural Information Processing Systems

The input strings consist of a timeordered sequence of XY coordinates, punctuated by pen-lifts. The methods were designed to work in "run-on mode" where there is no constraint on the spacing between characters. While both methods use a neural network recognition engine and a graph-algorithmic post-processor, their approaches to segmentation are quite different. The first method, which we call IN SEC (for input segmentation), uses a combination of heuristics to identify particular penlifts as tentative segmentation points. The second method, which we call OUTSEC (for output segmentation), relies on the empirically trained recognition engine for both recognizing characters and identifying relevant segmentation points.


Recognition-based Segmentation of On-Line Hand-printed Words

Neural Information Processing Systems

The input strings consist of a timeordered sequence of XY coordinates, punctuated by pen-lifts. The methods were designed to work in "run-on mode" where there is no constraint on the spacing between characters. While both methods use a neural network recognition engine and a graph-algorithmic post-processor, their approaches to segmentation are quite different. The first method, which we call IN SEC (for input segmentation), uses a combination of heuristics to identify particular penlifts as tentative segmentation points. The second method, which we call OUTSEC (for output segmentation), relies on the empirically trained recognition engine for both recognizing characters and identifying relevant segmentation points.


Globally Trained Handwritten Word Recognizer using Spatial Representation, Convolutional Neural Networks, and Hidden Markov Models

Neural Information Processing Systems

We introduce a new approach for online recognition of handwritten words written in unconstrained mixed style. The preprocessor performs a word-level normalization by fitting a model of the word structure using the EM algorithm. Words are then coded into low resolution "annotated images" where each pixel contains information about trajectory direction and curvature. The recognizer is a convolution network which can be spatially replicated. From the network output, a hidden Markov model produces word scores. The entire system is globally trained to minimize word-level errors. 1 Introduction Natural handwriting is often a mixture of different "styles", lower case printed, upper case, and cursive.


Globally Trained Handwritten Word Recognizer using Spatial Representation, Convolutional Neural Networks, and Hidden Markov Models

Neural Information Processing Systems

We introduce a new approach for online recognition of handwritten words written in unconstrained mixed style. The preprocessor performs a word-level normalization by fitting a model of the word structure using the EM algorithm. Words are then coded into low resolution "annotated images" where each pixel contains information about trajectory direction and curvature. The recognizer is a convolution network which can be spatially replicated. From the network output, a hidden Markov model produces word scores. The entire system is globally trained to minimize word-level errors. 1 Introduction Natural handwriting is often a mixture of different "styles", lower case printed, upper case, and cursive.


Globally Trained Handwritten Word Recognizer using Spatial Representation, Convolutional Neural Networks, and Hidden Markov Models

Neural Information Processing Systems

We introduce a new approach for online recognition of handwritten wordswritten in unconstrained mixed style. The preprocessor performs a word-level normalization by fitting a model of the word structure using the EM algorithm. Words are then coded into low resolution "annotated images" where each pixel contains information abouttrajectory direction and curvature. The recognizer is a convolution network which can be spatially replicated. From the network output, a hidden Markov model produces word scores.