Lian, Jing Wu (UNSW Sydney) | Mattei, Nicholas (IBM Research AI) | Noble, Renee (Data61, CSIRO) | Walsh, Toby (Data61, UNSW Sydney, TU Berlin )

We propose a novel mechanism for solving the assignment problem when we have a two sided matching problem with preferences from one side (the agents/reviewers) over the other side (the objects/papers) and both sides have capacity constraints. The assignment problem is a fundamental in both computer science and economics with application in many areas including task and resource allocation. Drawing inspiration from work in multi-criteria decision making and social choice theory we use order weighted averages (OWAs), a parameterized class of mean aggregators, to propose a novel and flexible class of algorithms for the assignment problem. We show an algorithm for finding an SUM-OWA assignment in polynomial time, in contrast to the NP-hardness of finding an egalitarian assignment. We demonstrate through empirical experiments that using SUM-OWA assignments can lead to high quality and more fair assignments.

Fang, Jian, Lin, Shaobo, Xu, Zongben

Supervised learning frequently boils down to determining hidden and bright parameters in a parameterized hypothesis space based on finite input-output samples. The hidden parameters determine the attributions of hidden predictors or the nonlinear mechanism of an estimator, while the bright parameters characterize how hidden predictors are linearly combined or the linear mechanism. In traditional learning paradigm, hidden and bright parameters are not distinguished and trained simultaneously in one learning process. Such an one-stage learning (OSL) brings a benefit of theoretical analysis but suffers from the high computational burden. To overcome this difficulty, a two-stage learning (TSL) scheme, featured by learning through deterministic assignment of hidden parameters (LtDaHP) was proposed, which suggests to deterministically generate the hidden parameters by using minimal Riesz energy points on a sphere and equally spaced points in an interval. We theoretically show that with such deterministic assignment of hidden parameters, LtDaHP with a neural network realization almost shares the same generalization performance with that of OSL. We also present a series of simulations and application examples to support the outperformance of LtDaHP

Zaky, Ahmed B., Huang, Joshua Zhexue, KaishunWu, null, ElHalawany, Basem M.

Spectrum management and resource allocation (RA) problems are challenging and critical in a vast number of research areas such as wireless communications and computer networks. The traditional approaches for solving such problems usually consume time and memory, especially for large size problems. Recently different machine learning approaches have been considered as potential promising techniques for combinatorial optimization problems, especially the generative model of the deep neural networks. In this work, we propose a resource allocation deep autoencoder network, as one of the promising generative models, for enabling spectrum sharing in underlay device-to-device (D2D) communication by solving linear sum assignment problems (LSAPs). Specifically, we investigate the performance of three different architectures for the conditional variational autoencoders (CVAE). The three proposed architecture are the convolutional neural network (CVAE-CNN) autoencoder, the feed-forward neural network (CVAE-FNN) autoencoder, and the hybrid (H-CVAE) autoencoder. The simulation results show that the proposed approach could be used as a replacement of the conventional RA techniques, such as the Hungarian algorithm, due to its ability to find solutions of LASPs of different sizes with high accuracy and very fast execution time. Moreover, the simulation results reveal that the accuracy of the proposed hybrid autoencoder architecture outperforms the other proposed architectures and the state-of-the-art DNN techniques.

Silvestri, Mattia, Lombardi, Michele, Milano, Michela

Given enough data, Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) are capable of learning complex input-output relations with high accuracy. In several domains, however, data is scarce or expensive to retrieve, while a substantial amount of expert knowledge is available. It seems reasonable that if we can inject this additional information in the DNN, we could ease the learning process. One such case is that of Constraint Problems, for which declarative approaches exists and pure ML solutions have obtained mixed success. Using a classical constrained problem as a case study, we perform controlled experiments to probe the impact of progressively adding domain and empirical knowledge in the DNN. Our results are very encouraging, showing that (at least in our setup) embedding domain knowledge at training time can have a considerable effect and that a small amount of empirical knowledge is sufficient to obtain practically useful results.