Sir Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web, warned that artificial intelligence could become "masters of the universe," taking over high-level decision-making at companies, with potentially frightening consequences. Berners-Lee's comments came at a Global Finance Summit on Monday, according to a TechWorld report. Giving AI actual decision-making authority has huge implications for our economic systems and societal norms, he said. "So when AI starts to make decisions such as who gets a mortgage, that's a big one. Or which companies to acquire, and when AI starts creating its own companies, creating holding companies, generating new versions of itself to run these companies," he said at the event.
When a group comes together to pursue a goal, how should the group interact? Both theory and practice show no single organization always performs best; the best organization depends on context. Therefore, a group should adapt how it interacts to fit the situation. In a Multi-Agent System (MAS), a Decision-Making Framework (DMF) specifies the allocation of decision-making and action-execution responsibilities for a set of goals among agents within the MAS. Adaptive Decision-Making Frameworks (ADMF) is the ability to change the DMF, changing which agents are responsible for decision-making and action-execution for a set of goals.
Recognizing the importance of biodiversity to human well-being, most nations have committed to the Convention on Biological Diversity's Aichi Biodiversity Targets and the Sustainable Development Goals. However, the pressures on biodiversity are increasing, and its status is declining globally (1), raising concerns that national plans and targets are not ambitious enough (2) and showing that new solutions are needed (3). Recognition of synergies among different targets and goals (4) has brought forest to the forefront of national land-use decision-making, which must balance multiple objectives that all demand land (5). Efforts to support decision-making on forests have focused on individual (typically vertebrate) species and on carbon and other ecosystem services. Highly resolved views of functional trait variation in tropical forests reported by Asner et al. on page 385 of this issue (6) may provide a further basis for making such decisions.
Profiling is done when your personal aspects are being evaluated in order to make predictions about you, even if no decision is taken. For example, if a company or organisation assesses your characteristics (such as your age, sex, height) or classifies you in a category, this means you are being profiled. Decision-making based solely on automated means happens when decisions are taken about you by technological means and without any human involvement. They can be taken even without profiling. The data protection law establishes that you have the right not to be subject to a decision based solely on automated means, if the decision produces legal effects concerning you or significantly affects you in a similar way.