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Artificial Intelligence in Clinical Health Care Applications: Viewpoint

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

The idea of Artificial Intelligence (AI) has a long history. It turned out, however, that reaching intelligence at human levels is more complicated than originally anticipated. Currently we are experiencing a renewed interest in AI, fueled by an enormous increase in computing power and an even larger increase in data, in combination with improved AI technologies like deep learning. Healthcare is considered the next domain to be revolutionized by Artificial Intelligence. While AI approaches are excellently suited to develop certain algorithms, for biomedical applications there are specific challenges. We propose recommendations to improve AI projects in the biomedical space and especially clinical healthcare.


Artificial intelligence in medicine and healthcare: a review and classification of current and near-future applications and their ethical and social Impact

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

This paper provides an overview of the current and near-future applications of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Medicine and Health Care and presents a classification according to their ethical and societal aspects, potential benefits and pitfalls, and issues that can be considered controversial and are not deeply discussed in the literature. This work is based on an analysis of the state of the art of research and technology, including existing software, personal monitoring devices, genetic tests and editing tools, personalized digital models, online platforms, augmented reality devices, and surgical and companion robotics. Motivated by our review, we present and describe the notion of 'extended personalized medicine', we then review existing applications of AI in medicine and healthcare and explore the public perception of medical AI systems, and how they show, simultaneously, extraordinary opportunities and drawbacks that even question fundamental medical concepts. Many of these topics coincide with urgent priorities recently defined by the World Health Organization for the coming decade. In addition, we study the transformations of the roles of doctors and patients in an age of ubiquitous information, identify the risk of a division of Medicine into 'fake-based', 'patient-generated', and 'scientifically tailored', and draw the attention of some aspects that need further thorough analysis and public debate.


Regulation of Artificial Intelligence in Drug Discovery and Health Care

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It is going to be interesting to see how society deals with artificial intelligence, but it will definitely be cool. Artificial intelligence (AI) can be defined to mean the use of intelligent machines to replicate and augment the intelligence of human beings. The Turing test was propounded to show what factors determine whether a machine operates on artificial intelligence or not. AI applications are being used in various fields such as telecommunication, banking, agriculture, manufacturing, health care, and transportation. The implementation of AI in health care aims to enhance the lives of the patients and enable physicians, doctors, hospitals, and administrators to improve health care delivery in a cost-effective and time-efficient manner. The traditional drug industry is also experiencing a wave of change due to the implementation of AI-based processes in drug discovery and development. Substitution of AI technology-based solutions in place of the traditional methods for drug discovery is expected to reduce the time for drug development. Using AI in clinical trials has reduced the time required for drug trials from 4–6 months to three months. After the analysis of the genomic data from different patients, AI helps by selecting only those patients whose genetic profile suggests it will help them to undergo testing in the clinical trial.2 Machine learning technologies, deep learning algorithms, various neural networks (such as artificial neural networks or computational neural networks), and content screening are a few examples of AI that have brought radical changes to the process of drug discovery and development.


How Health Care AI Systems Are Changing Care Delivery - NEJM Catalyst

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A nurse avatar named "Molly" who regularly talks with patients about their symptoms and medical needs. Voice-recognition software that helps physicians document clinical encounters. A prescription drug-monitoring platform that can detect patients' opioid misuse. Systems that analyze millions of medical images to help physicians diagnose and predict diseases. Robots that extend the reach of surgeons.


100 artificial intelligence companies to know in healthcare 2019: Artificial intelligence and machine learning are quickly becoming an integral part of healthcare delivery.

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Artificial intelligence and machine learning are quickly becoming an integral part of healthcare delivery. Both on the clinical care and operational side of healthcare organizations, AI has is powering technology that keeps patients safe and improves efficiency for the revenue cycle, supply chain and more. Here are 100-plus companies in the healthcare space using artificial intelligence. To add a company to this list, contact Laura Dyrda at ldyrda@beckershealthcare.com. AiCure is an AI and advanced data analytics company that uses video, audio and behavioral data to better understand the connection between patients, disease and treatment. It allows physicians to have access to clinical and patient insights.