The future impacts of artificial intelligence (AI) on society and the labour force have been studied and reported extensively. In a recent book, AI Superpowers, Kai-Fu Lee, former president of Google China, wrote that 40 to 50 per cent of current jobs will be technically and economically viable with AI and automation over the next 15 years. Artificial intelligence refers to computer systems that collect, interpret and learn from external data to achieve specific goals and tasks. Unlike natural intelligence displayed by humans and animals, it is an artificial form of intelligence demonstrated by machines. This has raised questions about the ethics of AI decision-making and impacts of AI in the workplace.
"The problem is when you get into the high school, it gets more difficult because parents are very accustomed to seeing grades. And all of our post-secondary institutions still want the grades. So even if we do competency-based education, we are going to have to come up with a way to put it into a 4.0 scale for the colleges," Webb said. "So it's complicated as you move up. But in the early ages, we are finding it is not complicated, and it is probably the most advantageous thing to do."