Based on this thesis statement, Turing devised the "Turing test", which is now considered the standard for qualifying computer programs (chatbots) as intelligent. The test today involves a series of 5 minute-long text conversations with judges, during which the program must convince them that it is human on average at least 30% of the time. This is based on Turing's assumption that by the year 2000, machines would be capable of fooling 30% of human judges after five minutes of questioning. Whether a bot is actually able to pass the Turing test or if Turing did in fact intend the test to be passed is still debatable. Regardless, there are a few bots that have an uncanny humanness to them that will convince a good many people that they are human.
A chatbot is an artificial person, animal or other creature which holds conversations with humans. This could be a text based (typed) conversation, a spoken conversation or even a non-verbal conversation. Chatbot can run on local computers and phones, though most of the time it is accessed through the internet. Chatbot is typically perceived as engaging software entity which humans can talk to. It can be interesting, inspiring and intriguing.
Inspired by Hofstadter's Coffee-House Conversation (1982) and by the science fiction short story SAM by Schattschneider (1988), we propose and discuss criteria for non-mechanical intelligence. Firstly, we emphasize the practical need for such tests in view of massively multiuser online role-playing games (MMORPGs) and virtual reality systems like Second Life. Secondly, we demonstrate Second Life as a useful framework for implementing (some iterations of) that test.
Video: Google's Assistant gets an AI upgrade with Duplex Here's how it's related to artificial intelligence, how it works and why it matters. Alan Turing helped pioneer the idea of programmable computers and built one of the first general purpose computing machines, the Bombe, which decrypted the Nazi's Enigma code and saved thousands of lives. Turing's contributions to the war effort, and to computer science as a discipline, are astonishing. As Albert Einstein was to math and physics, Alan Turing was to computer science. But in the 1950s, the British government considered Turing a criminal.
Throughout Joseph Weizenbaum's life, he liked to tell this story about a computer program he'd created back in the 1960s as a professor at MIT. It was a simple chatbot named ELIZA that could interact with users in a typed conversation. As he enlisted people to try it out, Weizenbaum saw similar reactions again and again -- people were entranced by the program. They would reveal very intimate details about their lives. It was as if they'd just been waiting for someone (or something) to ask.