Are you familiar with the Turing Test? For the uninitiated, the Turing Test was developed by Alan Turing, the original computer nerd, in 1950. The idea is simple: for a machine to pass the Turing Test, it must exhibit intelligent behavior indistinguishable from that of a human being. The test is usually conceptualized with one person--the interrogator--speaking through a computerized interface with two different entities, hidden from view. One is an actual computer, one is a human being.
The Turing test questions machines or AI's capability to exhibit intelligent behavior that is equal or indistinguish able from Human behavior. The accuracy of the response does not only measure the machine's success but the tone that it is delivered through it. It is a test in which a human tester determines if a machine is equal to humans in their conversational skills. AI has advanced a lot since the inception of this test, and numerous software has already passed it. Currently, it is the standard for all the best chatbots.
ELIZA is an early natural language processing computer program created from 1964 to 1966 at the MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory by Joseph Weizenbaum. Created to demonstrate the superficiality of communication between humans and machines, Eliza simulated conversation by using a'pattern matching' and substitution methodology that gave users an illusion of understanding on the part of the program, but had no built in framework for contextualizing events. Directives on how to interact were provided by'scripts', written originally in MAD-Slip, which allowed ELIZA to process user inputs and engage in discourse following the rules and directions of the script. The most famous script, DOCTOR, simulated a Rogerian psychotherapist and used rules, dictated in the script, to respond with non-directional questions to user inputs. As such, ELIZA was one of the first chatterbots, but was also regarded as one of the first programs capable of passing the Turing Test.[clarification needed]
"How does that make you feel?" In the isolation of the COVID-19 pandemic, many people are missing a sympathetic ear. Would a response like that make you feel heard, less alone, even if it were a machine writing back to you? The pandemic has contributed to chronic loneliness. Digital tools like video chat and social media help connect people who live or quarantine far apart. But when those friends or family members are not readily available, artificial intelligence can step in.
Although there are a myriad of industries and domains that Artificial Intelligence could significantly impact and disrupt over the coming years, the healthcare industry is poised to witness the biggest paradigm shift. As on today, image recognition algorithms are already helping when it comes to detecting diseases at an astounding rate. Interestingly, one the first chatbots to be developed was ELIZA who happened to be a psychotherapist. Developed back in 1966, she was a computer program that simulated an actual therapy conversation to the extent that people actually believed that it was a human at the other end. The doctor-patient relationship has not changed over the years.