Automatic Diagnosis of the Short-Duration 12-Lead ECG using a Deep Neural Network: the CODE Study

arXiv.org Machine Learning

We present a Deep Neural Network (DNN) model for predicting electrocardiogram (ECG) abnormalities in short-duration 12-lead ECG recordings. The analysis of the digital ECG obtained in a clinical setting can provide a full evaluation of the cardiac electrical activity and have not been studied in an end-to-end machine learning scenario. Using the database of the Telehealth Network of Minas Gerais, under the scope of the CODE (Clinical Outcomes in Digital Electrocardiology) study, we built a novel dataset with more than 2 million ECG tracings, orders of magnitude larger than those used in previous studies. Moreover, our dataset is more realistic, as it consists of 12-lead ECGs recorded during standard in-clinic exams. Using this data, we trained a residual neural network with 9 convolutional layers to map ECG signals with a duration of 7 to 10 seconds into 6 different classes of ECG abnormalities. High-performance measures were obtained for all ECG abnormalities, with F1 scores above $80\%$ and specificity indexes over $99\%$. We compare the performance with cardiology and emergency resident medical doctors as well as medical students and, considering the F1 score, the DNN matches or outperforms the medical residents and students for all abnormalities. These results indicate that end-to-end automatic ECG analysis based on DNNs, previously used only in a single-lead setup, generalizes well to the 12-lead ECG. This is an important result in that it takes this technology much closer to standard clinical practice.


Squeezed Very Deep Convolutional Neural Networks for Text Classification

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Abstract--Most of the research in convolutional neural networks hasfocused on increasing network depth to improve accuracy, resulting in a massive number of parameters which restricts the trained network to platforms with memory and processing constraints. We propose to modify the structure of the Very Deep Convolutional Neural Networks (VDCNN) model to fit mobile platforms constraints and keep performance. In this paper, we evaluate the impact of Temporal Depthwise Separable Convolutions and Global Average Pooling in the network parameters, storagesize, and latency. The squeezed model (SVDCNN) is between 10x and 20x smaller, depending on the network depth, maintaining a maximum size of 6MB. Regarding accuracy, the network experiences a loss between 0.4% and 1.3% and obtains lower latencies compared to the baseline model. I. INTRODUCTION The general trend in deep learning approaches has been developing models with increasing layers. Deep models can also learn hierarchical feature representations from images [1].


The world's first AI driverless race cars will race in their own series

#artificialintelligence

It's official: driverless cars have hit the race tracks. Roborace, the autonomous race car maker, had its two self-driving'DevBots' compete against each other at the Formula E Buenos Aires ePrix. The race didn't go without its own surprises: One car had to dodge a random dog that ended up on the race track, and the other ended up hitting a barrier, unable to finish the race. Roborace's self-driving car races will take place at Formula E events throughout 2017. All cars competing will be made identically.


Data Augmentation for Detection of Architectural Distortion in Digital Mammography using Deep Learning Approach

arXiv.org Machine Learning

Early detection of breast cancer can increase treatment efficiency. Architectural Distortion (AD) is a very subtle contraction of the breast tissue and may represent the earliest sign of cancer. Since it is very likely to be unnoticed by radiologists, several approaches have been proposed over the years but none using deep learning techniques. To train a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), which is a deep neural architecture, is necessary a huge amount of data. To overcome this problem, this paper proposes a data augmentation approach applied to clinical image dataset to properly train a CNN. Results using receiver operating characteristic analysis showed that with a very limited dataset we could train a CNN to detect AD in digital mammography with area under the curve (AUC = 0.74).


How-to Build a High-Impact Deep Learning Model for Tree Identification

#artificialintelligence

I participated in an amazing AI challenge through Omdena's community where we built a classification model for trees to prevent fires and save lives using satellite imagery. Omdena brings together AI enthusiasts from around the world to address real-world challenges through AI models. My primary responsibility was to manage the labeling task team. Afterward, I had the chance to take on another responsibility and build an AI model that delivered results beyond expectations. I am Leo from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil and I m a mechanical aeronautics engineer who currently works as a data scientist and management consultant in Brazil helping several companies to achieve better business results.