The threat of automation is a very real one, but will robots actually end up replacing workers? It is now widely accepted that technological advances, especially ones that make machines more like humans – such as robotization or artificial intelligence – are putting people out of work and will only destroy more jobs in the future. The wealth will accrue to those who own the machines, not to what's known as the middle class today. There's some good news for humans, though: The evidence of our displacement by machines is sketchy, and we should be able to adjust to the new technological era if we put our minds to it. Eric Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology labeled this "the great decoupling": according to them, advances in productivity, mainly driven by the development of digital technology, and the resulting economic growth, no longer cause employment and workers' incomes to rise.
This human element is key and it is why we can't underestimate the importance of having a human write the content. There is a certain skill to writing - particularly copy that needs to be entertaining, engaging or persuasive - that goes well beyond typing words on to a page. To put it bluntly, solely data driven content is dull. It lacks the emotion and context that us writers could – and should - inject into a story.
Machines replacing humans in the workplace has been a perpetual concern since the Industrial Revolution, and an increasing topic of discussion with the rise of automation in the last few decades. But so far hype has outweighed information about how automation -- particularly robots, which do not need humans to operate -- actually affects employment and wages. The recently-published paper "Robots and Jobs: Evidence from U.S. Labor Markets" by MIT professorDaron Acemoglu and Boston University professor Pascual Restrepo, PhD '16, finds that industrial robots do have a negative impact on workers. The researchers found that for every robot added per 1,000 workers in the U.S., wages decline by .42% and the employment-to-population ratio goes down by .2 The impact is more sizable within the areas where robots are deployed: adding one more robot in a commuting zone (geographic areas used for economic analysis) reduces employment by six workers in that area.
Designed by Jeffrey Snover, Bruce Payette, James Truher (et al.) Developer Microsoft First appeared November 14, 2006 Stable release 5.1.14393 Write-Output should be used when you want to send data on in the pipe line, but not necessarily want to display it on screen. This command pipes the "test output" string to the Get-Member cmdlet, which displays the members of the System.String class, demonstrating that the string was passed along the pipeline.
These papers have not been peer-reviewed, but are circulated by their authors for comment and discussion. With the NBER's blessing, Making Sen e is pleased to feature these summaries regularly on our page. The following summary was written by the NBER and doesn't necessarily reflect the views of Making Sen e. A person who can't get a job upon release from prison is more likely to break the law again. But employers don't want to hire ex-offenders -- particularly those released recently -- because as a group, they are less prepared for work life, in worse health and more likely to misbehave than non-offenders.