Golden parachutes can't seem to stay out of the news. Last year, Jeff Smisek, the former CEO of United Airlines, received a separation payment of 4.875 million in cash along with additional equity awards and other benefits for a total of close to 37 million after being ousted from his company. Can it also transform the nation? Hillary Clinton was campaigning for her husband in January 1992 when she learned of the race's newest flare-up: Gennifer Flowers had just released tapes of phone calls with Bill Clinton to back up her claim they had had an affair. We tend to associate salads most closely with spring and summer, when fresh produce is at its peak and when we're all in the mood for lighter, fresher-tasting meals.
The world's first Artificially Intelligent physicist is here, and it has already replicated a Nobel Prize-winning experiment -- one that involved creating an ultracold state of matter called Bose-Einstein condensate. This network was named by EContent Magazine to its "Trendsetting Products of 2014" list.
"I didn't expect the machine could learn to do the experiment itself, from scratch, in under an hour," said co-lead researcher Paul Wigley from the Australian National University (ANU) Research School of Physics and Engineering in a statement. "A simple computer program would have taken longer than the age of the universe to run through all the combinations and work this out," he added. Scientists wanted to recreate an experiment that won the 2001 Nobel Prize in Physics, which involved extremely cold gas trapped in a laser beam known as a Bose-Einstein condensate. The condensates "are some of the coldest places in the Universe, far colder than outer space, typically less than a billionth of a degree above absolute zero (-273.15 The experiment involved trapping 40 million atoms at the intersection between two laser beams.
PARIS – A topologist is a person who cannot tell the difference between a coffee mug and a donut -- so goes a joke about a little-known scientific field crowned Tuesday with a Nobel Prize in physics. The quip describes it perfectly: topology explains how a material's shape can be completely deformed into new one without losing its core properties. In the metaphor, the mug and the donut are one and the same. If they were made out of rubber, one could be twisted and stretched into the shape of the other without changing its essence. The two are considered topologically equivalent as each has a hole -- the ear of the mug and the center of the donut.
A physicist walks into a room holding a pretzel, a bagel, and a cinnamon bun. "For us, these are very different. This one's sweet, this one's salty, they have different shapes," says the physicist. "But, if you're a topologist there's only one thing that's really interesting: This thing has no hole, the bagel has one hole, the pretzel has two holes." The pastry thing was Nobel committee member Thors Hans Hansson's best attempt to explain topology, the core concept behind the winner of this year's prize for physics, "for theoretical discoveries of topological phase transitions and topological phases of matter."