Computer vision is the field of study surrounding how computers see and understand digital images and videos. Computer vision spans all tasks performed by biological vision systems, including "seeing" or sensing a visual stimulus, understanding what is being seen, and extracting complex information into a form that can be used in other processes. This interdisciplinary field simulates and automates these elements of human vision systems using sensors, computers, and machine learning algorithms. Computer vision is the theory underlying artificial intelligence systems' ability to see and understand their surrounding environment. There are many examples of computer vision applied because its theory spans any area where a computer will see its surroundings in some form.
In recent artificial intelligence (AI) research, convolutional neural networks (CNNs) can create artificial agents capable of self-learning. Self-learning autonomous moving objects utilize machine vision techniques based on processing and recognizing objects in digital images. Afterwards, deep reinforcement learning (Deep-RL) is applied to understand and learn intelligent actions and controls. The objective of our research is to study methods and designs on how machine vision and deep machine learning algorithms can be implemented in a virtual world (e.g., a computer game) for moving objects (e.g., vehicles or aircrafts) to improve their navigation and detection of threats in real life. In this paper, we create a framework for generating and using data from computer games to be used in CNNs and Deep-RL to perform intelligent actions. We show the initial results of applying the framework and identify various military applications that may benefit from this research.
Machine vision is commonly defined as the use of computer vision in the context of an industrial application, and the first use of machine vision for industrial purposes is often attributed to Electric Sorting Machine Company in the 1930s. They used a type of vacuum tube called a photomultiplier or PMT to sort food. Using this technology, machines could sort red apples from green and later recyclable glass bottles from ones with cracks. Much of the history of machine vision in the industrial sector has involved sorting one thing from another, the good from the bad. As camera technologies have improved, machine vision has been deployed for ever more precise quality control use cases, especially ones that involve parts that would be too small or hazardous for human inspectors.
FREMONT, CA: Machine vision is one of the important additions to the manufacturing sector. It has provided automated inspection capabilities as part of QC procedures. Nevertheless, the world of automation is becoming more complex with time. With rapid developments in many different areas, such as imaging techniques, robot interfaces, CMOS sensors, machine and deep learning, embedded vision, data transmission standards, and image processing capabilities, vision technology can benefit the manufacturing industry at multiple different levels. New imaging techniques have brought new application opportunities.