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Meta releases Bean Machine to help measure AI model uncertainty

#artificialintelligence

Let the OSS Enterprise newsletter guide your open source journey! Meta (formerly Facebook) this week announced the release of Bean Machine, a probabilistic programming system that ostensibly makes it easier to represent and learn about uncertainties in AI models. Available in early beta, Bean Machine can be used to discover unobserved properties of a model via automatic, "uncertainty-aware" learning algorithms. "[Bean Machine is] inspired from a physical device for visualizing probability distributions, a pre-computing example of a probabilistic system," the Meta researchers behind Bean Machine explained in a blog post. "We on the Bean Machine development team believe that the usability of a system forms the bedrock for its success, and we've taken care to center Bean Machine's design around a declarative philosophy within the PyTorch ecosystem." It's commonly understood that deep learning models are overconfident -- even when they make mistakes.


Concept-Oriented Deep Learning: Generative Concept Representations

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Generative concept representations have three major advantages over discriminative ones: they can represent uncertainty, they support integration of learning and reasoning, and they are good for unsupervised and semi-supervised learning. We discuss probabilistic and generative deep learning, which generative concept representations are based on, and the use of variational autoencoders and generative adversarial networks for learning generative concept representations, particularly for concepts whose data are sequences, structured data or graphs.


A Customizable Dynamic Scenario Modeling and Data Generation Platform for Autonomous Driving

arXiv.org Artificial Intelligence

Safely interacting with humans is a significant challenge for autonomous driving. The performance of this interaction depends on machine learning-based modules of an autopilot, such as perception, behavior prediction, and planning. These modules require training datasets with high-quality labels and a diverse range of realistic dynamic behaviors. Consequently, training such modules to handle rare scenarios is difficult because they are, by definition, rarely represented in real-world datasets. Hence, there is a practical need to augment datasets with synthetic data covering these rare scenarios. In this paper, we present a platform to model dynamic and interactive scenarios, generate the scenarios in simulation with different modalities of labeled sensor data, and collect this information for data augmentation. To our knowledge, this is the first integrated platform for these tasks specialized to the autonomous driving domain.



A Gentle Introduction to Probabilistic Programming Languages

#artificialintelligence

I recently started a new newsletter focus on AI education. TheSequence is a no-BS( meaning no hype, no news etc) AI-focused newsletter that takes 5 minutes to read. The goal is to keep you up to date with machine learning projects, research papers and concepts. Probabilistic thinking is an incredibly valuable tool for decision making. From economists to poker players, people that can think in terms of probabilities tend to make better decisions when faced with uncertain situations.