Artificial intelligence and machine learning are two of the most popular buzzwords in the market and many times are used interchangeably. They have become a part of everyday life, but that does not mean we understand them well. Lot of confusion exists between what is machine learning and what is AI. in most companies; marketing overlooks this distinction for advertising and sales. As technology, and, importantly, our understanding of how our minds work, has progressed, our concept of what constitutes AI has changed. Rather than increasingly complex calculations, work in the field of AI concentrated on mimicking human decision making processes and carrying out tasks in ever more human ways.
This is the shortest path I see towards machine intelligence: first, we develop ways to allow specialized AIs to manipulate formal concepts, write programs, run experiments, and at the same time develop mathematical intuition (even creativity) about the concepts they are manipulating. Then, we use our findings to develop an AI scientist that would assist us in AI research, as well as other fields. It would be a specialized superhuman artificial intelligence to be applied to scientific research. This would tremendously speed up the development of AI. At first we would apply it to solve well-scoped problems: for instance, developing agents to solve increasingly complex and open-ended games.